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ARJA AVANEESH (U08EE508)

Charger units are used to supply either just a battery to provide an autonomous DC supply or a battery / inverter combination to provide an autonomous AC supply. In general the charger must provide a combination of constant voltage and constant current charging profiles within close tolerances. These charger units are very useful during emergency power shortage . System as such helps prevent damage to machinery .

The technique used for battery charging is called float charging and involves the battery being permanently connected to the load in parallel with a charger. Therefore the charger must satisfy the requirements of both the battery and the load. For most battery types it must also be able to switched to a boost charge function that will apply a larger voltage to the battery in order that the charging period may be reduced.

Quantum of power Individual load point power ratings, quantum of such load points and the geographic spread of the load points Standard voltages suitable for the equipment

In power plants a 220V DC system comprising of battery and charging equipment is installed for emergency such as power shortage. 220V DC system shall be an ungrounded system comprising of 2x100% batteries each with individual float cum boost charger. Batteries shall be of Lead-Acid Plante Type or high discharge Vented Nickel-Cadmium pocket plate type

The charger has two modes. Float and boost. In this float mode, the FCBC supplies the DC load and the trickle charging current of the battery. Boost mode is meant for charging the battery. Automatic charging of Battery is possible in the float mode. In this mode, when the current drawn by the battery exceeds the set value, the charger will automatically charge mode to charge the battery. once the battery current fails the charger returns to float mode. During mains fail, charger remains OFF and load supplied by the battery.

The unit of a DC Power Supply and a Battery Charger. In the presence of AC Voltage the unit delivers power to the lad as well as the battery. When mains fail the battery supplies power to the load. When the battery voltage reaches let us say 11.2V the battery is cut off from the load to prevent the over discharge. The charger has 2 modes of operation, one is Constant Voltage Mode (Float Mode) and other is Constant current Mode (Boost Mode) Taper Mode for deep discharge.

The float or boost mode is selected automatically depending upon the status of battery. In the float mode the battery voltage is kept at 13.2 volts (can be set by preset). In this mode the battery draws only trickle charging current required to make up for its internal losses. In the boost mode the charger output voltage is gradually increased to 14.4 volts (settable by preset) keeping always the battery charging current constant (5 Amps constant current charging). When the battery voltage reaches the 14.4 volts level, the charging mode is changed automatically to float mode.

Below is a sample calculation to determine which of our products would best suit your requirements. Determine the battery voltage - example 12 volt or 24 volt Determine how many batteries are to be charged (1,2,3 or 4) What are the battery capacities (Ah, Amp-hours)? Add them together ,e.g. 2 x 60Ah, 1 x 100Ah = 220 Ah total What re-charge time is required? ,(6 hours minimum, usually 24 hours maximum - if not known, assume 10 hours) Divide TOTAL Ah by the re-charge time to get CHARGING CURRENT ,e.g. 220Ah / 10 hours = 22 AMPS. ADD 20% to allow for battery in-efficiency ,i.e. 22 AMPS + 20% = 26.4 AMPS Is there any additional load current on the battery during re-charging? If so, add this to the CHARGING CURRENT. ,e.g. 24 WATTS / 12 VOLTS = 2 AMPS CHARGER CURRENT REQUIRED = 26.4 AMPS + 2 AMPS = 28.4 AMPS. Choose the next biggest charger in the range

In this float mode, the FCBC supplies the DC load and the trickle charging current of the battery. In float mode the charger will be capable of meeting the following float requirements:

a)Trickle charging of the two battery bank b)Continuous load current c)FLC Largest motor for trial run

Boost mode is meant for charging the battery. In boost mode the charger will be capable of boost charging a fully discharged battery in 8 to 10 hours Rating for boost mode = Design margin x AH capacity of the battery. Charger rating = aging factor x rating .

Lead-acid battery has an battery capacity of 1855AH. Charging rate of float mode is 450A and that of boost mode is 350A. Hence a 450A charging rate is required . Ni-Cd High Discharge Battery has a battery capacity of 1465AH . Charging rate of float mode is 450A and that of boost mode is 380A. Hence a 450A charging rate is required.

on-board the ships in the provision of emergency power supplies for essential services like radio equipment, telephone exchange, fire detection, general alarm circuits normally the main supply for each services are fed from rectifiers. In Power Substations , Power plants Generating Stations, Telephone Exchanges etc, for control / monitoring systems, tripping circuits and supplying DC power source. Substation Battery Charging , traction Batteries ,Diesel Generator set Batteries Telecom Battery Charging.

The unit of a DC Power Supply and a Battery Charger. In the presence of AC Voltage the unit delivers power to the load as well as the battery.

When mains fail the battery supplies power to the load.

Proper maintained battery storage will instantly supply electrical power when required. The capacity of the charger must also be such that after a severe discharge it has the capacity to supply the full DC system load current and the full charging current simultaneously.