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is used for mainly three purpose


IPTV is a system through which digital television service is delivered using the Internet architecture and networking methods, instead of delivered through traditional radio frequency broadcast, satellite signal, and cable television formats IPTV and Internet TV (competitors) IPTV delivered to TV set, not PC IP set-top box (STB) IPTV is provided by a few LARGE telecom providers Internet TV: anyone can create an endpoint and publish that on a global basis. (YouTube)

Internet TV
Transport Geographical Reach Service quality Use general internet Can be access from anywhere in the globe Not guaranteed

Use dedicated, private network Limited by service provider Guarantees high quality audio and video

Access Mechanism Content Generation

A PC with media player Use own content

Set-Top-Box most of the time Provided by existing TV broadcasters

Basic and Premium Television Interactive TV / Two way communication HDTV Video on Demand Time shifted TV Instant Messaging Gaming and Betting on Demand Web and e-mail

More control over service for user What to watch and when to watch More interactive Better Quality DVD quality video, CD quality music Personalization Convergence Single device to watch TV, surf web and video calling PC is not attractive due to lower picture quality, cost and boot time

Factors helped the growth

Digitization of content Development of compression techniques Growth in Broadband use

Content Production

Content Aggregation

Content Delivery

Content Reproduction

Program Production

TV Stations

IPTV Service Providers

TV Sets

End User

IPTV Content Delivery: TV Head End IPTV Middleware VOD Systems Media Content Protection Systems (DRM) IP STB

Bandwidth for access link

4 Mbps per channel for SDTV HDTV: 20 Mbps per channel VoD: 15.5 Mbps per channel for HDTV

Quality of Experience (QoE) Step beyond QoS

QoS Low delay, jitter and packet loss Low downtime, maintenance intervals and channel change time

Bandwidth requirements for streaming High bandwidth continuously Last mile is the problem DSL originally employed for burst (web) traffic, Not support MPEG-2 Need to compress the video streams Reducing channel change time Due to multicasting it takes time Providing VoD Need to unicast messages

Regional Head End

Home Network

Access Network National Head End

IP Core Network

Acquiring video from different sources Video Encoding VoD delivering Content security
Conditional Access System (CAS) Digital Rights Management (DRM)

EPG Server OBSS Subscriber management system

MPEG Encoder

MPEG Encode r

Live TV

Media Stream er


IPTV Delivery Network

VoD Server


High speed data network Technologies used:

ATM and SONET/SDH() IP and MPLS Metro Ethernet

From IPTV Data Center to the subscriber 1.Fiber 2.DSL 3.Cable TV 4.Satellite 5.Wireless Broadband 6.Internet

11.00% 2.00%

22.00% 65.00%

DSL Cable modem

IPTV hardware and software infrastructure at customer premises Runs the IPTV middleware at client side Decrypt the scrambled video stream Video decoding Produce composite (analog) video output Program navigation with EPG

User wants to watch TV channel

User watches TV channel

IP-STB connects to appropriate multicast group

IP-STB recieves packets and encodes it

IP-STB recieves packets, encodes it and sends to output device

Hardware drivers and media codec Operating system and network stack IPTV Client TCP/IP Stack TV browser Various plug-ins

Video Encoding
Improvement in compression to reduce BW requirement

TV set become a all in one box

Replace the PC for entertainment (Limit it for programming, documenting) Everything (e-mail reading, FB, answsurfing, video calls) from TV remote controller

www.digitalopportunity.org/ www.rapidtvnews.com/ www.iptv-news.com/ www.brown.edu/ www.dslreports.com/