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Learning Objectives : A student is able to : 1. Explain what inertia is 2. Gives

Learning Objectives :

A student is able to :

  • 1. Explain what inertia is

2. Gives examples situations involving inertia

  • 3. Relate mass to inertia

Learning Objectives : A student is able to : 1. Explain what inertia is 2. Gives

1, Observe the following situation.

Situation 1: The bus moves suddenly from rest.

Question : What happened to the passengers as the bus suddenly moves

from rest and why?

1 , Observe the following situation. Situation 1: The bus moves suddenly from rest. Question :

Answer:

1 , Observe the following situation. Situation 1: The bus moves suddenly from rest. Question :

Passengers in a bus will fall backwards when a stationary bus starts to move

with forward acceleration

Because:

When the bus moves suddenly from rest, our feet are carried

forward

__

______

but our body tends to keep us at _rest

______.

our body to fall backward

This causes

Situation 2: The bus is stop suddenly.

Question : What happened to the passengers as the bus suddenly stop

and why?

Situation 2: The bus is stop suddenly. Question : What happened to the passengers as the

Answer:

Passengers in a moving bus fall forward when the bus comes to stop

suddenly.

Because:

The passengers were in a state of moving when the bus was moving.

When the bus stops suddenly, our feet are brought to stop but our

body tends to continue its moving motion. This causes our body to

fall forward.

3.Definition of inertia.

Inertia is a property of a body that resists a change in the state of rest or motion of the body.

3.Definition of inertia . Inertia is a property of a body that resists a change in

4.Examples of the situation involving Inertia

a. Chili sauce in the bottle can be easily poured out if the bottle is moved

down fast with a sudden stop.

Explanation.

The sauce in the bottles moves with the bottle during the downward

movement. When the bottle is stopped, the inertia of the sauce causes it to

continue in its downward movement and thus the sauce is forced out of the

bottle.

4.Examples of the situation involving Inertia a. Chili sauce in the bottle can be easily poured
4.Examples of the situation involving Inertia a. Chili sauce in the bottle can be easily poured

b.The drop of water on a wet umbrella will fall when the boy

rotates the umbrella.

Explanation

This is because the drop of water on the surface of the

umbrella move simultaneously as the umbrella is rotated.

When the umbrella stops rotating, the inertia of the drop of

water will continue to maintain its motion.

b.The drop of water on a wet umbrella will fall when the boy rotates the umbrella.
b.The drop of water on a wet umbrella will fall when the boy rotates the umbrella.

c.The head of hammer is secured tightly to its handle by knocking one

end of the handle, held vertically, on a hard surface.

Explanation:

This causes the hammer head to continue on its motion

when the handle has been stopped, so that the top

end of the handle is slotted deeper into the hammer head.

c.The head of hammer is secured tightly to its handle by knocking one end of the
c.The head of hammer is secured tightly to its handle by knocking one end of the

4.Relate mass to inertia

Observe these picture and state which of the following have the

largest inertia.

4.Relate mass to inertia • Observe these picture and state which of the following have the
4.Relate mass to inertia • Observe these picture and state which of the following have the

Activity 1:

Activity 1: 1. One bucket is filled with sand while the other bucket is empty. 2.
  • 1. One bucket is filled with sand while the other bucket is empty.

  • 2. Then, both buckets are pushed.

  • 3. It is found that the empty bucket is

to the bucket with sand.

[easier / harder]

to push compared

  • 4. When both buckets are oscillating , the bucket filled with sand is more [easier

/harder] to be

stopped

  • 5. This shows that the heavier bucket offers a [greater /lesser] resistance to change

from its state of rest or from its state of motion.

  • 6. An object with a larger mass has a [larger /smaller] inertia.

When mass increases inertia [increases /decreases]

Exercises.

1. State the definition of inertia. 2.
1.
State the definition of inertia.
2.
Exercises. 1. State the definition of inertia. 2. A child and an adult each sits on

A child and an adult each sits on similar swings as shown in Diagram above a) If they are given a push, which one of them is more difficult

i) to be moved?

ii) to stop? iii) Give reason to your answers in (a)(i) and (ii)

b) The property in which a body resists change from its state of rest or motion is known as inertia. Based on your answer in (a) state

the relationship between the inertia and mass.