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Instructor’s Manual Signals and Systems STOMA PTE ATU Instructor’s Manual to accompany SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS Simon Haykin ‘McMaster University Barry Van Veen University of Wisconsin, Madison JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC. New York » Chichester » Weinheim = Brisbane = Singapore = Toronto Copyright © 1999 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors {for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or {instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Requests for permission or further information should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Avenue, ‘New York, NY 10158-0012. ISBN 0-471-29774-7 Printed in the United States of America 1098765432 Printed and bound by Mally ithogephing, be. Chapar | (4) Even = ces(ty Odd = Sin Gey Sin Ck) CaCl) Eva = te aah gat Oi =e £4 54h «& Ew, 2 1 + 1 Sin Co) ews (t) Odd = bewscey 4 thence) @ Evm = ces* Coe) Odd = £3 cost Croty @ Feriodte Funtamehe pried = 05 5 CL) Non prvedne QO fae Funda ment Prok = 35 @ Reredee : Fundam bt Prick = 2 Sample 1.2 Ceenkr aval) eee eemeg Pir ide © Rerodi, Fardamentrl pric = so Sanplio GQ) Non Pree eds Oy Merpriedes @) Arena O) Sinasecd component 4 ces (gat +7) 3 Ane ktd = 9 Fired amartet frrey = 200 = ae ‘i 3/2 Hf epee] ey ae G) Enegy sign fneyy 2 De Dy Gi azo ae Co Pawee si grok Pre (EY ( a Ne ab ces (RE) mt Sa (emt) ore wihegeet ie Fespek het the nw tk ford amerh period gtegow Raed thet proba — date nok Cob bute © Je ower pe fo xt), 1.4 Ceonhans) @) Eneryy sign 7 uJ a - | (5 exscnt) de “1 1 = sof es" ert) dE 0 ‘ = 25 f Cte cos Gat) dE ° bat . [ toe sn Cart| bo = as (1+ st sucel) = ar Sijok Os “ 7 (5 ess cmt)) dt ras 62057 25 [e ++ on(2nt)]| or 14 ( Confirvet) (f) 20 Signet CG) Enagg syrk 4 Eneryy = yy exs (mn) oe = 142 ZF ortn) aa = 1420+ 0 4 Gd 4 to) =4 ) Pron signal fe porta vlna. fon (re 2 > ens*Cm) BAY- =2(00+ C0) zl Ls The KMS wba ff Sin Sor xc) a AM Ale ste avenge prose FO an thn ritiby A a POU Gee lee a ey Bee cy] wh defeat Ay N Th one peor of xl) 2 a 5| a hee doa wet Peo 2D *lnI "7 The ' ah iM Mes (202 4) z I> mM os'( 2% oa) > * ° cneyy of Be retry ert poke 1k R/os . 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Hy 45 Come Lecamn th culpur t 3 ee y 7 — Cee - 4 Re. 0,4,8,. ws(Fk)= { St = 26710; © otherwise Thus the only contributions ore from the even- indexed terms Consider : wie n= aen »ylnd- = C-1) 7 ark a ken-2 alternote sum Cn-2,n ,n+2,-- substitution 2 = (+0 account onfy even terms) . . ylod a2 Sok GG) 229 a)? ae fea -4)°2 (ype) = 2” LAD a (4) (on) (24)" = Sy em = neodd : yn] = (+ -1) Fa" alternate sum rene Cant} n4i n4a,-.) Analogous to doove , yield : goods 2” Sa) = 24) (ay 7 Se = $(-1) . —— (Ff) yln] = coo (Fn) * (4) uln-2) x, Uk] = cos (Fk) %q (n-keJ} = (o-ae-1 a 3 ylnd= 5 cos (Fe).CE)™ = substitution p= -k yields : a Step yln] = = ay Fe) GY + ews (-x)= coc (x) Then , using the same techniove as (2) gives us S cy tcp oe pe-(n-2) wf? = (-) = Cy] a pe -(n-ay (by SS (=)" aS eer 0 even yb ees) iy 4&4 ety moa : = (y ylod= pour} euln-3d , [pl see (i) for x, (kJ [ xa(k] a. a8 7 ne we cu There ore 4 different cases Gi) ne av Vis any integer ylnd-Of-trori+0 + -1 J+) lotttor-trots +otr-ltorl +o] Sabet ed dt (W) neaver s yln]=()litosasori] ten [0+ +0 +1 404-1 +OF+(FO4 HO Stee 2 Gi) nea 43 yin} = clot -14 041 so] +E + oF sor-tso4 tor -1+ 04) FO+020 Wr) ne uve yn] = 0 -2 nea eytnde f 2 neavero Vv > integer ° othensice ) ylrd = uln} « & 6 (n-29) pee — xUnJ xan] ate (2) xa [n-kI I l fe beans Tote kK “ne ae me k For n-1and 2 x(kJ.y(n-k] ay ge) yaks = “nea nt) : : | a A eR e cD For na <-2 3 né -6 =: aln} =o al-6J=1 5 al-5h2 5 al-4]-2 OCesjes | a Cea\e4 otc 3 2. oe Reyer | for n72 ; atnj <0 a(n] 16 (y atn]extnde flny= 2 x Ck] ¢ln-kJ k=-0 ftn-k3 For nt 4d -4 © n<-g : alnieo al-s] atsJ 4; alz]--u-3~ 9-1e-to 58-47 al-3]=-3-2-1-o +1 -5; al-2]=-2-1-0 414260; al-t O 414243 = 5 ,alolso 41424344 =10; aUid=l+ 244440 210 ;alale2+344-9, al3J=- 344 =F i alede4 | 7 ial-6]--F-2=-5; nIO -0 8-10; Forn-4>0 of n7# : alATeo a(n (a) atm) =x Ende glad = 2 «Chl 9 Cn-k] a gin i oF Rann A aH A a . tf For n+5 <-4 of n<-9 : ACNT=0 al-oJ <1 ;al-sl=2 ;,al-zi-3 sal-el=4; af-5) =5 ; al-4J=4 ;aG3)=3 jal-2)=25 a(-iJ=2 ;aftojr2 jalid=3 jal a=; aC3J=5 jal4d=4 ,ale)~3 jale d= 2; ety J. | for azz ralni=o0 a(n] & aln]< yn) * 200] 2 y lk] 2[n-kJ . y(rd ® etn-kI o care k 7S aN k Tor n <-2 : ACN] -0 a[-aJ=1 ; al-1J=2 , aloe 2 jaliJ=atye a, al2J=22)-20)=2 5 a (a) 20-1) + 22) =2;5 aluj=-1+2-22-) ; aCsJ=2(-2)--4; a cel= 2C 2Je 4) Jd = 22 | For n 77 pany eo i 18 ) alo] + y lade gto} = 2 yter gon To n+ s<-2 ond -F Palnd=o gln-kJ ay [kJ see (e) ay NE me rer a E al-f=1 ; a(-6]-2 ; al-s}2 ja (-4)=1, a [-3)-0,; aGe)=-1; al-ijs-2, aloj--2 aCa2J+a(i)e2 , alad= 2c -2; ate a(ol=© ,aleJ = aCijta 2-1) aCzl= afej=-2;alo93--1, eee Oe Oo wretlltegtl le rprpee i a EPP (q) alnj=yCnj x wind = = palideatico Uy; 4, yok] wln-kg a wln-k] Wa Aa AS k (a) 19 for n+2 <-2 of n<-& : alnj+o al-uJe1 j al-3]-t+2=3 ;aGals2+3-5; al-tJ=-t+342=4 ,alolsGisilesi)=0; afiJ= 1-3-2 -4 ; al2]=-3-2=-5;) alad= -2-1=-3 ; aC4d=-1 ; nzv4Hsa(nl=o a § to) = 2 ytd foes aln}=yln For n+ 4 <-2 of nd-6 + aln]=0 al-e]=-4 5 a 5]+ -4-3=-7 5; a(-4)=-3-2= al-a]=-2-14+4 21; al-2]=-1+3+4=6; al-t}= l+a4356 ; alol~2(i+a)=6; alilet+243-+6;al2l=14+34+4 +6; alsl=-34+42) ; a4] ~-2-3 = -5; alS]2-3-42-4; alel=-4; fee snd so 20 @) aln] = eln) » ginl= & 2 Uk] gln-k] / oy a gtn-k] nes For n+5 <0 o n<-5 :alni-o al-sJ=1 5 a(-uJ=2 ; a(-3)-3 :a(-2J-a+a-s; al-J= 3 +4=f ) aCol+a+als)ea; alile1+2)7; alz)~=2(3)+6 ; ale]=i+alay=s j al¥d=24+20)24; alsJ= 3Q))-3 ; alel= 2+3(=5 5 a(7]s 30) 42°85; alej+ 3(2)+2-28 ; alo]= 3(2) +1 =F j alto)= 3(2)=6 ; a(uJs 2€2)=4 j aCrje2 n212 + aCnl=o j) alm} swlo] « glnd= SS wlk) .gtn-k) - al a) wk I 2) 0) Se (i) for gln-kJ For n+5 <-2 or n<-F + alnj-o al-gl-1 jal-elei+2-2 j al-ed-le2rs=6; al-4]=6¢4+228 ; al-3J)-ati eo , al-aJeitzeae2 za jal-iJ=s+241-6 jated~i+2-aialideriea; al2J=24+1+3;al3)]+3+2+1-6;al4)~ 6+2-8; alsJei+2e34241+9 ;, aCe] = 6+2 98 j alqJ=t+2a4a=6 , ale] =i+2-3 ;,alodeli ny>9 : alnizo = 8-6 (k) alnd= f(r] * g(r] = = fled .g Cn-leJ soe ftk |. [ gin-kd ? : “appt eps JM, es oo For n+ 5 <-4 or n <-> atnJ-o a[-oJ=-4 3 al-8]=-y-3--7 i al-7]=-7F-2--95 al-6J=-g-1 + -10 j al-5s)=-to ; a (-4¥) =-3-2-1 4ie5, a3} +0 ,al-2J=-1+1 4243-8) Q2 al-t] --u+i424344=6 j alod-i+24344-3-453; a(il=o j al2}=34y4-t-2-3-4 = -3iaCaj=4-1-2 73-45 -6 (ACY) = 1 tO-l-2-3+-5; als]z2ti+0 -t-2=0 , aleJ= s+ 241-1 = 5 jaCFIT4 tat 241 e109; alej=4+3+241 =10 ;alo) = 4+3t2-9; afiol=4+3 = 7 j; aCul=4 nzu san] =o BH Use the facts that S(t-d)a HU) = h(t-a) and the linearity property linearity (a) xt) = 2S Cetr)- SCb-t) > xler® hle)=2 h(t +1)-b(t-) ad Sire erOnt 2hle+) he-1) a line ority (b) xlb)= S (E=1) 4 & e-2) + & (b-3)— x(t) bk) FUE) + h(t -2) +h Ct -3) Graphically : ‘ ‘ N 4 LA. + “A A, - 4A oma v2 st 2S et Saase e ha-) be -2) h(e-a) y(t) (ce) x= SE CHP 8 Ce app = By lineority syle) = xb) w bbs & CP ht apy ia = theta) -b (e+e) +h ety) -b (eta) +hlt)-h(b-2)+ h(t-4¥)-h(t-6) + hlt-a)an., a a5] x,t) « xa ley e F x(t) xa(e-T) dt -e (y y(t) = ulti) « u(t-2) we) Kate) aes Ct) es Cet) at hoot) x2Ct-T) —— Te t eae For £-2<-lor Ect: yt) =o t> eye) = FF Cyc dv = t-1 nytt) s (4-1) ule-s) — tb) ylt) = &** ue) ® ult+a) xe) xa (te) = xt) ® Ka (t) x) Matte), h ———_' ° v rr o +2, For t+270 © t 7-2 sy b)=S Ci) e?tat nko a _ oo) t<-2 : ylk)-0 . ytey= (1-272 du Cerny ——— (c) yt) = ws (mt) (u est) ~ ue +3) & ult) feat KE) xat) = x, (4) x x.) as xa (t-T) & ws (mt) » ylt) ao LS bS3 : y= FS ws wT dt +S ain at == x sy) = + sin (wt) ut) —_ U(t 42) ~ ule -1))" Ut +2) = Kb) exe) as x, C4) Xgl) oo i xa(t-T) saueceleal Tv e-2 a For £-2<-2 9 £ ye eo bss: yle)s Stcyat = Hye ° ‘ SSb dt yls Ft ate SF Co-tac = SB + F+twlt-5)-F(4%- 28) t-$47% +t -25 & 210 :ylt)s ¥xioxs 225 ° Pate yteed 2 &* a -$ t? +104 -25 s