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Faculdade de Engenharia Mecnica

EM406 Resistncia dos Materiais I Turma B 2015


Lista de Exerccios III

1. Show that for small strains the fractional change in volume is the sum of the normal strain
components associated with a set of three perpendicular axes.
2. Using the result of the Problem 1, prove that for isotropic, linearly elastic material,
V ( x + y + z )(12 v)
=
V
E

3. Prove that in a linear isotropic material a


xy component of shear strain.

xy component of shear stress cannot produce a

4. Prove that in a linear isotropic material a xy component of shear stress cannot produce a
uniform expansion or contraction consisting of three equal normal components of strain.
5. In a flat steel plate which is loaded in the xy plane, Figure 1, it is known that
x =145 MN /m
xy=42 MN/ m
z=3.6104
What is the value of the stress y ?

Figure 1.
6. A long, thin-walled cylindrical tank of length L just fits between two rigid end walls when
there is no pressure in the tank, Figure 2. Estimate the force exerted on the rigid wall by the
tank when the pressure in the tank is p and the material of which the tank is made follows
the Hooke's law.

Figure 2.

7. A long, thin-walled cylinder tank just fits in a rigid cylindrical cavity when there is no
pressure in the tank, Figure 3. Estimate the tangential stress in the cylindrical-tank wall
when the pressure in the tank is p and the material of which the tank is made follows the
Hooke's law.

Figure 3.
8. A cavidade de um corpo rgido liso est cheia com alumnio 6061-T6 lquido, Figura 4.
Quando frio, o lquido fica 0.3 mm da parte superior da cavidade. Se essa parte superior no
for coberta e a temperatura aumentar 110C, determine as componentes da deformao
x , y e z no alumnio.

Figura 4.
9. Os dimetros e materiais de fabricao do comjunto so indicados na Figura 5. Se o
conjunto estiver bem ajustado entre seus apoios fixos quando a temperatura T 1 =70 F ,
determine a tenso normal mdia em cada material quando a temperatura atingir
T 2 =110 F .

Figura 5.

10. Os dois segmentos de haste circular, Figura 6, um de aluminioe o outro de cobre, esto
presos s paredes rgidas de modo tal que h uma folga de 0.008 in entre eles quando
T 1 =60 F . Cada haste tem um dimetro de 1.25 in,
al=13(106 )/F ,
3
6
3
Eal =10 (10 )ksi , cobre =9.4 (10 )/ F , Ecobre =18 (10 )ksi . Determine a tenso
normal mdia em cada haste se T 2 =300 F . Calcule tambm o novo comprimento do
segmento de aluminio.

Figura 6.
11. Os estados de tenso em pontos em diferentes elementos estruturais so mostrados ma
Figura 7. Determine as componentes de tenso que agem no plano inclinado AB.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)
Figura 7

12. Um bloco de madeira, Figura 8, falhar se a tenso de cisalhamento que age ao longo da
fibra for 550 psi. Se a tenso normal x =400 psi , determine a tenso de compresso
y necessria para provocar a ruptura.

Figura 8.
13. Longitudinal axis of an orthotropic lamina makes and an angle of 45 with the x axis. It is
subjected to the following stresses:
x =20 MPa
y =0
xy=20 MPa
(a) Draw a neat sketch of the lamina indicating x, y, L and T axes. Also draw the applied
stresses.
(b) Calcule the stresses along longitudinal and transverse directions.
14. For the lamina shown in Figure 9, find the stresses in the L and T directions and the strains
in the x y directions. Lamina has the following elastic constants:

Figure 9.

15. Two shafts AB and BC, Figure 10, of the same material but different diameter are welded
together at point B. End A and C are fastened securely so that the shafts cannot rotate at
these points. An external twisting couple M o is applied to the shafts at point B. Find the
twisting couples exerted on the ends of the shafts at A and C.

Figure 10.
16. Consider the steel shaft shown in the Figure 11 which has applied to its surface a linearly
varying twisting-moment distribution. Take the distributed twisting moment to have a
resultant moment M t . Determine the angle of twist at the end of the shaft.

Figure 11.
17. O eixo macio com 60 mm de dimetro feito de ao A-36 e est sujeito aos carregamentos
de toro distribuidos e concentrados mostrados na Figura 12. Determine as tenses de
cisalhamento mxima e mnima no eixo e especifique suas localizaes, medidas em relao
extremidade fixa, so elas vlidas?

Figura 12.

18. The maximum shear stress in the stepped steel shaft shown in Figure 13 is 100 MPa. The
shear modulus is G = 80 GPa, and the diameters of the elements are d 1=50 mm ,
d 2=100 mm and d 3=100 mm . (a) Determine the torque, T C at C. (b) Determine the
rotation of end A, A under the action of all three torques.

Figure 13.
19. Uma escora de aluminio 2014-T6 est presa entre as duas paredes em A e B. Se tiver seo
transversal quadrada de 2 in por 2 in e for submetida ao carregamento de toro mostrado na
Figura 14, determine as reaes nos apoios fixos. Determine tambm o ngulo de rotao
em C.

Figura 14.
Propriedades elsticas
Aluminio 6061-T6:

E=68.9GPa , G=26 GPa e v =0.35

Aluminio 2014-T6: E=10.6 (103 ) ksi , G=3.9(103) ksi e v =0.35


Bronze C86100: E=15 (103 )ksi , G=5.6 (103) ksi e v =0.34
Stainless steel 304: E=28(103 )ksi , G=11 (103) ksi e v =0.27
Ao A-36: E=29(103 )ksi , G=11 (103) ksi e v =0.32
Steel:

E=194205 (106 )kN/m 2

Respostas
1. V x + y + z
5. 95 MN /m2
6.

F=p r (12 v)

7. =

vpr
2t

8. x =0 ; y =0 ; z =5.48(103 )
9. aluminum=2.46 ksi ; bronze =5.52 ksi ; St =22.1 ksi ;
10. aluminum=cobre =25.4 ksi ; Lal =8.00462 in
11.

a)
b)
c)
d)

x ' =4.05 ksi ; x ' y' =0.404 ksi ;


x ' =123 psi ; x ' y' =271 psi;
x ' =388 psi ; x' y ' =455 psi ;
x ' =33.3 MPa ; x ' y' =18.3 MPa ;

12. y =824 psi


6

14. x =481(10 ) ; y =704(10 ); xy =442(10 )


15. M A=

16. M t=

Mo
L2 d 1
1+
L1 d 2

( )

; M B=

Mo
L1 d 2
1+
L2 d 1

( )

qo L
2 Mt L
; =
2
3GJ

17. min=0 x=0.7 m

max=33 MPa x=0

19.

T B=40 Nm; T A=50 Nm ; =0.0723