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3.

0
r
2.8
M

2.6
nom = Mc = 32M
I
d 3

2.4
2.2
Kt

(a)

2.0
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

D/d = 6
3
1.5
1.1
1.03
1.01

r/d
2.6

r
P

P
d

2.4
2.2

nom = P = 4P
A
d 2

2.0
Kt

(b)

1.8
1.6

D/d = 2
1.5
1.2
1.05
1.01

1.4
1.2
1.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

r/d
2.6

r
T

2.4
2.2

nom = Tc = 16T
J
d 3

2.0
Kt

(c)

1.8
1.6
1.4
D/d = 2
1.2
1.09

1.2
1.0

0.1

0.2
r/d

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-35
W-111

0.3

3.0

2.8
M

2.6
nom = Mc = 32M
I
d 3

2.4
2.2

(a)

Kt 2.0
1.8
1.6
D/d 2
1.1
1.03
1.01

1.4
1.2
1.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

r/d
3.0

2.8

P
d

D
2.6

nom = P = 4P
A
d 2

2.4
2.2

(b)

Kt 2.0
1.8
1.6
D/d 2
1.1
1.03
1.01

1.4
1.2
1.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

r/d
r

2.6
T

2.4
2.2

nom = Tc = 16T
J
d 3

2.0
Kt

(c)

1.8
1.6
1.4
D/d 2
1.1
1.01

1.2
1.0

0.1

0.2
r/d

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-36
W-112

0.3

3.0
T

M
P

2.8

2.6

d
Axial load:

2.4

P
nom = P
A
(D2/4) Dd

2.2
Kt
2.0

Bending (in this plane):

1.8

M
nom = Mc
I
(D3/32) (dD2/6)

1.6
Torsion:
T
nom = Tc
J
(D3/16) (dD2/6)

1.4
1.2
1.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

d/D

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-37
W-113

3.0
2.8
M

2.6

2.4

2.2

nom = Mc = 6M
I
bh2

Kt 2.0

1.8
1.6

H/h = 6
2
1.2
1.05
1.01

1.4
1.2
1.0

0.05

0.10

0.15
r/h
(a)

0.20

0.25

0.30

3.0
2.8

2.6

2.4

nom

2.2

b
= P = P
A
bh

Kt 2.0
1.8

H/h = 3
2
1.5

1.6

1.15
1.05

1.4
1.2
1.0

1.01
0

0.05

0.10

0.15
r/h
(b)

0.20

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-38
W-113A

0.25

0.30

3.0
2.8
M
2.6

h
r

2.4

b
nom = Mc = 6M
A
bh2

2.2
Kt 2.0
1.8

H/h =
1.5
1.15
1.05
1.01

1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0

0.05

0.10

0.15
r/h
(a)

0.20

0.25

0.30

3.0
2.8

P
H

2.6

2.4

2.2

nom = P = P
A
bh

Kt 2.0

H/h =
1.5
1.15

1.8
1.6

1.05

1.4

1.01

1.2
1.0

0.05

0.10

0.15
r/h
(b)

0.20

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-39
W-114

0.25

0.30

3.0
M

2.8

2.6
nom = Mc = 6M
I
(b-d)h2

d/h = 0

2.4
2.2

0.25
Kt 2.0

0.5

1.8

1.0

1.6

2.0

1.4
1.2
1.0

0.1

0.2

0.3
d/b
(a)

0.4

0.5

0.6

7
Pin
loaded
hole

nom = P = P
A (b-d)h

5
Kt
4
Unloaded
hole
3

1
0

0.1

0.2

0.3
d/b
(b)

0.4

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-40
W-114A

0.5

0.6

18

17
16

nom = P = P
A
wt
r/w = 0.050
r/w = 0.10
r/w = 0.20

h/w = 0.5

15
r
14

h
W

13
12
0.5

11
10
Kt

0.75

0.5

8
0.75
1.0

7
6
5

0.75
1.0

1.0
3.0

3.0
3.0

2
1
1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0
W/w

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-41
W-115

Same cross-section area = K

Stress con. factor = K = 2

(a) Unnotched

(b) Notched
av = Sy /2
max = Sy

= Sy
Stress
F=

F = ASy

ASy

Stress

(d)

(c)

= Sy

Su
Sy

Stress

(e)

(f )

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-42
W-116

a
c

Sy

Sy

0+

(a) Load causes no yielding


0

Sy

0+

(b) Load causes partial yielding


0

Sy

0+

(c) Load causes partial yielding


0

2Sy

Sy

Sy

0+

(d) Load causes total yielding

Load stress

Load removal
stress change

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-43
W-117

Residual stress

2
Z = bh
6
(0.025)(0.050)2
Z=
6
Z = 1.042 105 m3

300 mPa
0
F1

10 mm

F2

50 mm
F2
F1

10 mm
M1

M1

300 MPa

25 mm

(a) Given information (see text)


0

300 396

(b)

396

Load stress

62

238

62

Residual stress

Residual stress

96 0

Residual stress

Total stress (straight beam)


0

Load stress
0

122

396
238

204
62

Load stress

62

(e)

Residual stress
200

96 0

62

104 0

(d)

Load removal stress change

96 0

(c)

96 0

300

Total stress (ready to yield)


300

0
60

Load stress

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-44
W-118

Total stress (ready to yield)

P = 0 lb

10.000 in.

10.008 in.

T = 80F

T = 480F

P = 0 lb

P = 60,000 lb

JUVINALL: Machine Design


Fig. 4-45
W-119

P = 60,000 lb