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Zoologia - Prof.

Dorival
EMBRIOLOGIA!

Pseudocelomado!
Tubo dentro de um
tubo. O pseudoceloma tem mesoderme de um lado e
endoderme de outro.!

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Celomado!
Tubo dentro de um
tubo. O celoma
envolvido pela
mesoderme por todos
os lados!

Vantagem de haver um terceiro folheto


embrionrio:!
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Camada
Germinativa

Destino

Ectoderme

Sistema nervoso, epiderme, glndulas


sudorparas, sebceas e mamrias

Mesoderme

Esqueleto, cartilagem, msculos,


derme, sistema circulatrio, rins

Endoderme

Revestimento interno do intestino,


trato respiratrio, fgado, pncreas

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Quanto ao blastporo!

Filos!

Formao do celoma!

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Vantagem de ter um celoma!
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Quanto ao celoma!

Acelomado!
Corpo macio. nica!
cavidade a do tubo!
digestivo!

PORFEROS!
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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


Estrutura

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DIGESTO INTRACELULAR!

CNIDRIOS!

Tipos Estruturais!

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Simetria radial e neuromirios!


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Reproduo Assexuada!
Por fragmentao!
Por brotamento!
Por gemulao!

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Formas Corporais!

Reproduo Sexuada!

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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


Cnidoblasto!

PLATELMINTOS!
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Classificao!
1. Hidrozorios!
Fase polipoide predominante. Ex: Hydra e Obelia!

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2. Cifozorios!
Fase medusoide predominante.!
Geralmente dioico com ciclo de vida diploide.!
Faz metagnese.!

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Classificao!
1. Classe Turbellaria!
Platelmintos de vida livre!
Planrias!
Sistema digestrio incompleto!
Cavidade gastrovascular!
Protonefrdios (solencitos ou clulasflama)!
Reproduo sexuada e assexuada por
lacerao!

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2. Classe Trematoda!
Schistosoma mansoni!
Agente etiolgico da esquistossomose!
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3. Antozorios!
Formam apenas plipos. Ex: anmonas-do-mar!
Formam recifes-de-coral!

Reproduo!
Todos os grupos apresentam reproduo
assexuada (brotamento ou estrobilizao)!
Todos os grupos apresentam reproduo
sexuada!
H espcies monoicas e dioicas!
Poucas espcies com desenvolvimento direto!

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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


Profilaxia!
Saneamento bsico!
Combate ao caramujo!

NEMATELMINTOS!
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Ancylostoma duodenale!
Amarelo!
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Necator americanus!

3. Classe Cestoda!
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Solitrias!
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Taenia saginata (Boi)!


Taenia solium (porco)!

No apresentam!
sistema digestrio!

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Fezes com ovos


contaminam o solo

Deglutio leva larva!


para o intestino, onde foram!
o verme adulto

Larva penetra!
pela pele

Larva migra!
para pulmes

Profilaxia do amarelo:!
Saneamento bsico!
Andar calado!

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Ascaridase - Ascaris lumbricoides!

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Profilaxia!
Saneamento bsico!
No comer carne mal cozida!

Tenase x cisticercose!
Tenase!
Ovo!
larva cisticerco
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na carne

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Formao do verme !
em humano!

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Cisticercose!
Ovo! !

Larva cisticerco em humano!

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Profilaxia da cisticercose!
Saneamento bsico!
Beber gua fervida!
Lavar bem frutas e verduras!

Profilaxia da ascaridase!
Saneamento bsico!
Higiene pessoal e com alimentos!

Oxiurose - Enterobius vermiculares!


Transmisso fecal - oral!
Profilaxia da oxiurose:!
Saneamento bsico!
Higiene pessoal e com alimentos!

Bicho Geogrfico - Ancylostoma brasiliensis!


Larva no consegue atingir a circulao em
humanos!
um parasita de ces e gatos
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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


Larva no consegue atingir a circulao em humanos!

Filariose (elefantase) - Wuchereria bancrofti!

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Profilaxia da filariose:!
Combate ao mosquito!

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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


MOLUSCOS!
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Observaes!
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Muitos moluscos !
possuem desenvol-!
vimento indireto. Larvas !
trocfera e vliger!

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Toro dos moluscos!

ANELDEOS!
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Estrutura!
Diviso do corpo: cabea, p e massa (saco)
visceral!
Cavidade do manto pode apresentar guelras ou
pulmes!
Manto secreta a concha e pode realizar outras
funes!
P musculoso!

Classificao!

Estrutura!
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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


ARTRPODOS!

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Classificao!
1. Oligoquetas!
Possui poucas cerdas!
A movimentao
envolve contraes
alternadas entre a
musculatura circular e
longitudinal!
A minhoca monoica!

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Razes para o sucesso dos artrpodos!


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2. Poliquetas!
Possui muitas cerdas!
Parapdios auxiliam na locomoo!
Maioria vive no mar!

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3. Hirudinae!
No tem cerdas!
Sanguessuga!

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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


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Classificao!
Filo
Arthropoda
Subfilo
Chelicerata

Classe !
Arachnida

Caractersticas

Subfilo
Uniramia

Subfilo
Crustacea

Classe!
Chilopoda

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Crustacea

Arachnida

Diplopoda

Chilopoda

Insecta

Diviso do
corpo

Cefalotrax! Cefalotrax!
Abdmen
Abdmen

Cabea!
Trax!
Abdmen

Cabea!
Tronco

Nmero de
pares de
patas
Antenas

At Cinco

Quatro

Dois pares
por anel

Um par por Trs


anel
pares

Dois pares

ausentes

Um par

ausentes

Um par

Asas

Ausentes!

Ausentes!

Ausentes!

Ausentes!

Ausentes
ou!
Um par
ou!
Dois
pares

Respirao

Branquial

Filotraqueal
(pulmes!
foliceos)

Traqueal

Traqueal

Traqueal

Excreo

Glndulas
verdes

Tubos de
Malpighi ou!
Glndulas
coxais

Tubos de
Malpighi

Tubos de
Malpighi

Tubos de
Malpighi

Desenvolvi!
mento

Direto ou!
Indireto

Direto
Direto
(exceto nos!
carrapatos)

Direto

Direto ou!
Indireto

Cabea!
Trax!
Abdmen

Subfilo Uniramia - Classe Chilopoda!

Subfilo Uniramia - Classe insecta!

Subfilo Crustacea!

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Subfilo Uniramia - Classe Diplopoda!

Classe!
Insecta

Classe!
Diplopoda

Subfilo Chelicerata!

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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


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Onicforos!

Semelhanas
Aos anlidas

Aos artrpodos

Cordados!

Caractersticas Gerais!
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Outras Caractersticas!
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EQUINODERMOS!
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Sistema Hidrovascular ou Ambulacral!


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Pedicelria!
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Sistema Digestrio!
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Reproduo!
So dioicos!
Desenvolvimento indireto!

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Classificao!
Ver ltima figura!

Protocordados!
Subfilo Urochordata (Tunicata)!
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Subfilo Cephalocordata!

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Ateno!!!!
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Subfilo Vertebrata!
Agnathas!
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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


Gnathostoma!
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Peixes!
Circulao!
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Respirao!
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Classe Chondricthyes!

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Esqueleto de cartilagem!
Crescimento rpido!
Tubares, raias e quimeras!
Boca ventral!
Vrias aberturas branquiais!
Nadadeira caudal heterocerca!

Sistema Digestrio!
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rgos do sentido!

Osmose!
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Flutuao!
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Classe Actinopterygii (Osteicthyes)!

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Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


Osmose!
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Flutuao!
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Dipnicos!
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Respirao!
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Classificao!
Ordem Anura - sapo, r, perereca!
Sem cauda!
Ordem Urodela (Caudata) - salamandras!
4 pernas e cauda longa!
Ordem Apoda - cobras-cegas (ceclias)!
Corpo alongado, sem patas!

Rpteis!
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Reproduo!
Maioria dioica com fecundao e desenvolvimento
externo!

Tetrpodes!
Anfbios!
Primeiros vertebrados terrestres!

Circulao!
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Circulao!
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www.profdorival.com.br

Zoologia - Prof. Dorival


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Aves!
Animais com penas!
Adaptaes ao voo:!
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ltimas Observaes!

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Mamferos!
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www.profdorival.com.br

Zoologia - Prof. Dorival

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