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Pr-Vestibular Social Teorema Docente: Talita Nascimento dos Santos

Simple Present: exemplos


1- Aes que acontecem repetidamente (aes habituais)

I watch TV every day. Tom goes fishing every weekend.

Simple Present: exemplos


2- Situaes permanentes

My family lives far away from me. We dont work on Sundays

Simple Present: exemplos


3- Verdades Universais/Fatos

Water boils at 100 C. The Earth is round

Formas do Simple Present: (Para todos os verbos, exceto To be)


Forma Interrogativa
Forma Negativa Forma Afirmativa Expresses e advrbios frequentemente usados com

Simple Present: always, every day, often, normally, usually, sometimes, never.

Forma Interrogativa do Simple Present:


I Do you drink soda? We They she Does he eat meat? it

Forma Negativa do Simple Present:


Usa-se DONT (indicando no) para os pronomes I,

YOU, WE, YOU, THEY I We dont have classes in the evening. You They
Usa-se DOESNT (indicando no) para HE, SHE, IT

He She doesnt have a big house. It

Forma afirmativa do Simple Present


O Simple Present formado pelo verbo em sua forma

bsica(infinitivo sem TO - como a encontramos no dicionrio)com os pronomos pessoais I, we, You e They.
Quanto aos pronomes de 3 pessoas (He, She e IT) estes

ganham a terminao S na maioria dos verbos.

Como vimos, os pronomes pessoais de 3 pessoa do singular tm necessidade de uma conjugao especial. Ex: He drinks wine with his friends. She drinks water after gym.
You live He lives

We live

She lives

You live

It lives

They live

A maioria dos verbos na 3 pessoa do singular no Simple Present em frases afirmativas ganharo S, mas h excees: Verbos terminados em Y precedidos de consoante, como study, fly, try e outros, perdero o Y que ser substitudo por IES, ficando ento: STUDIES, FLIES, TRIES. Verbos terminados em SS, SH, CH, X, Z,O, como guess, watch, fix, go e outros recebero ES em sua terminao, ficando ento: GUESSES,WATCHES, FIXES, GOES

O Verbo have ficar HAS

1- Complete com o Simple Present dos verbos em

parnteses.
a) Andrew _________________________in Sao Paulo,

Brazil. (to live - affirmative) b) We ___________________________ in good luck and bad luck. (to believe - affirmative) c) _________Julio always _______________his father at work? (to help - interrogative) d)________you usually _______________ English at School? (to study - interrogative)

Verbo TO BE no presente
Este verbo pode expressar dois significados: ser ou estar.
Em frases afirmativas : I

EXEMPLOS I am a single mother

AM

YOU WE YOU THEY

ARE

You are excellent teachers.

HE SHE IT

IS

He is sleepy now.

Verbo TO BE no presente
Em frases negativas : I

EXEMPLOS I am not fat.

AM NOT

YOU WE YOU THEY

ARE NOT

We are not tired.

HE SHE

IS

NOT

He is not at home

now. IT

Verbo TO BE no presente
Em frases interrogativas
AM

Am I sad?

ARE

YOU WE YOU THEY


HE SHE IT

Are you stressed out?

IS

Is she pregnant?

O Present Continuous indica:


1- Aes que esto em progresso no momento
I am driving my car It is raining.

Present Continuous exemplos


2- Aes temporrias
I am working 50 hours this week. He is reading a very good book this semester.

Present Continuous exemplos


3- Compromissos firmados para o futuro
I am having a party next Saturday. She is travelling to Paris next year.

Expresses geralmente usadas com Present

Continuous: Listen! Look! At the moment, at this moment, today, now, right now.
O present Continuous um tempo composto:

ele formado pelo verbo auxiliar TO BE no presente+ um verbo principal no gerndio.


Para colocarmos um verbo no gerndio basta

colocarmos a partcula ING no final dos verbos seguindo algumas regras:

- Verbos com no mximo 5 letras terminadas em CVC

(consoante-vogal-consoante): dobra-se a ltima consoante e acrescenta-se ING. Exemplos: cut cutting, beginbeginning
Verbos terminados em IE, substitumos a partcula IE por

Y e acrescenta-se ING. Exemplos: die-dying, lie, lying.


Verbos terminados em E, substitui-se o E por ING.

Exemplos: write-writing, drive-driving. Excees: to be e to see.


Verbos terminados em vogal+L, dobra-se o L e

acresecenta-se ING. Exemplos: travel-travelling

Present Continuous Forma Afirmativa

AM SUJEITO ARE VERBO PRINCIPAL COM ING IS I am studying at the moment . He is swimming now.

Present Continuous
Forma Negativa

AM SUJEITO ARE NOT VERBO PRINCIPAL COM ING IS Exemplo: She is not taking dance classes at the moment.
Forma Interrogativa

AM ARE SUJEITO VERBO PRINCIPAL COM ING IS Exemplo: Are you listening to music now?

2- Complete com o Present Continuous dos verbos em

parnteses.
a)Ted and I _________________________________ in

the park at present. ( to run - affirmative)


b) My friend __________________________________ in

London now. ( to live - negative)


c)_______ Linda ____________________________ now?

( to study - interrogative)

Resumindo:
O Simple Present usado para indicar:

1- Aes que acontecem repetidamente (aes habituais) 2- Situaes gerais ou permanentes 3- Fatos/Verdades Universais
O Present Continuous usado para indicar:

1- Aes que esto em progresso no momento 2- Aes temporrias 3- Compromissos firmados para o futuro

Referncias Bibliogrficas:
MURPHY, Raymond. ENGLISH GRAMMAR IN USE.

3 Ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.


MARQUES, Amadeu. ENGLISH FOR LIFE. 5 Ed. So

Paulo: tica, 1989.

EXERCCIOS DE FIXAO SOBRE SIMPLE PRESENT E PRESENT CONTINUOUS


3. Complete as frases abaixo com o Simple Present ou o Present Continuous dos verbos em parnteses: a) She ______________________________ her mother every day. ( to kiss) b) The children ___________________________ in the park now. ( to play)

c) At this moment I _____________________ apples to make a pie. ( to cut)


d) I always ________________________ newspaper at the corner. ( to buy)

4- Para cada questo escolha a alternativa apropriada:


4.1 The children usually _________ in the afternoon, but now they _________ in the garden. a) studies, are playing b) are studying, play c) study, plays d) study, are playing e) studies, is playing 4.2. You cant see Bob because he ________ now. a) rest b) was resting c) has rest d) is resting e) resting

4.3. ____________ Betty always ___________________ what she wants? a) Do / get b) Does / gets c) Does / get d) was / got e) is / got

4.4. Fernanda generally ________ a sandwich for lunch ,but now she _________ an apple. a) eat, is eating b) is eating, eats c) eats, is eating d) was eating, eats e) was eating, eat 4.5. We _____________ go to school on Sundays. a) arent b) werent c) wasnt d) didnt e) dont 4.6. Raphael often ________________ a good book, but at the present moment he ________________ TV. a) had read, was watching b) reads, watch c) has read, has watched d) reads, is watching e) read, watched