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MTODOS NUMRICOS BSICOS PARA INGENIERA

Carlos Armando De Castro Payares - Ing. Mec.


Este archivo contiene los ejemplos de las
implementaciones en Excel de algunos de los
mtodos numricos presentados en el libro.

Contacto con el autor:


grupolibrepensamiento@yahoo.com

http://matematicas.ingenieria.googlepages.com/metodos_numericos_ingenieria
1.200
1.000

af [in]

0.800
0.600
0.400
0.200
0.000
0

20

40

60
Iteracin

80

100

120

a0 [in]
0.25

t [in]
0.45

w [in]

L [in]
2.5

P max [kip] P min [kip]


9
28
8

min [ksi] max [ksi]


[ksi]
af [in]
7.11
24.89
17.78
0.620
SOLUCIN GRIETA CRTICA POR MTODO DEL PUNTO FIJO
a(i)
Y
a (i+1)
a (i+1) - a (i)
Iteracin
0.250
2.103
0.987
0.737
1
0.987
3.684
0.322
-0.665
2
0.322
2.180
0.919
0.597
3
0.919
3.437
0.369
-0.549
4
0.369
2.239
0.871
0.501
5
0.871
3.282
0.405
-0.465
6
0.405
2.288
0.834
0.428
7
0.834
3.172
0.434
-0.400
8
0.434
2.330
0.804
0.370
9
0.804
3.089
0.458
-0.347
10
0.458
2.366
0.780
0.322
11
0.780
3.024
0.477
-0.302
12
0.477
2.397
0.759
0.282
13
0.759
2.971
0.495
-0.265
14
0.495
2.425
0.742
0.248
15
0.742
2.928
0.509
-0.233
16
0.509
2.450
0.727
0.218
17
0.727
2.892
0.522
-0.205
18
0.522
2.472
0.714
0.192
19
0.714
2.861
0.533
-0.181
20
0.533
2.491
0.703
0.170
21
0.703
2.835
0.543
-0.160
22
0.543
2.509
0.694
0.150
23
0.694
2.813
0.552
-0.142
24
0.552
2.524
0.685
0.133
25
0.685
2.793
0.559
-0.126
26
0.559
2.538
0.677
0.118
27
0.677
2.777
0.566
-0.111
28
0.566
2.551
0.671
0.105
29
0.671
2.762
0.572
-0.099
30
0.572
2.562
0.665
0.093
31
0.665
2.749
0.577
-0.088
32
0.577
2.572
0.660
0.082
33
0.660
2.738
0.582
-0.078
34
0.582
2.581
0.655
0.073
35
0.655
2.728
0.586
-0.069
36
0.586
2.589
0.651
0.065
37
0.651
2.720
0.590
-0.061
38
0.590
2.596
0.648
0.058
39

m
2.25

INTEGRACIN NUMRICA DE LA EC
a [in]
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.4
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.5
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.6
0.61
0.62

0.648
0.593
0.644
0.596
0.642
0.599
0.639
0.601
0.637
0.603
0.635
0.605
0.633
0.607
0.632
0.608
0.630
0.609
0.629
0.611
0.628
0.612
0.627
0.612
0.626
0.613
0.626
0.614
0.625
0.615
0.624
0.615
0.624
0.616
0.623
0.616
0.623
0.616
0.623
0.617
0.622
0.617
0.622
0.617
0.622
0.618
0.621

2.712
2.602
2.706
2.608
2.700
2.613
2.695
2.618
2.690
2.622
2.686
2.625
2.682
2.629
2.679
2.631
2.676
2.634
2.674
2.636
2.672
2.638
2.670
2.640
2.668
2.642
2.666
2.643
2.665
2.644
2.664
2.645
2.663
2.646
2.662
2.647
2.661
2.648
2.660
2.649
2.660
2.649
2.659
2.650
2.658
2.650
2.658

0.593
0.644
0.596
0.642
0.599
0.639
0.601
0.637
0.603
0.635
0.605
0.633
0.607
0.632
0.608
0.630
0.609
0.629
0.611
0.628
0.612
0.627
0.612
0.626
0.613
0.626
0.614
0.625
0.615
0.624
0.615
0.624
0.616
0.623
0.616
0.623
0.616
0.623
0.617
0.622
0.617
0.622
0.617
0.622
0.618
0.621
0.618

-0.054
0.051
-0.048
0.045
-0.043
0.040
-0.038
0.036
-0.034
0.032
-0.030
0.028
-0.027
0.025
-0.024
0.022
-0.021
0.020
-0.019
0.018
-0.017
0.016
-0.015
0.014
-0.013
0.012
-0.012
0.011
-0.010
0.010
-0.009
0.009
-0.008
0.008
-0.007
0.007
-0.006
0.006
-0.006
0.005
-0.005
0.005
-0.005
0.004
-0.004
0.004
-0.004

40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86

0.618
0.621
0.618
0.621
0.618
0.621
0.618
0.621
0.618
0.621
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620

2.651
2.658
2.651
2.657
2.652
2.657
2.652
2.657
2.652
2.656
2.652
2.656
2.653
2.656
2.653
2.656
2.653
2.656
2.653
2.655
2.653
2.655
2.653
2.655
2.653
2.655
2.654
2.655
2.654
2.655
2.654
2.655
2.654
2.655

0.621
0.618
0.621
0.618
0.621
0.618
0.621
0.618
0.621
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619
0.620
0.619

0.003
-0.003
0.003
-0.003
0.003
-0.002
0.002
-0.002
0.002
-0.002
0.002
-0.002
0.002
-0.002
0.001
-0.001
0.001
-0.001
0.001
-0.001
0.001
-0.001
0.001
-0.001
0.001
-0.001
0.001
-0.001
0.001
-0.001
0.001
-0.001
0.001
0.000

87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120

KIC [ksiin]
A
6.60E-09
52

1.200
1.000

0.600
0.400
0.200
0.000
0

20

40

60
Iteracin

0.7
0.6
0.5
a [in]

INTEGRACIN NUMRICA DE LA EC. DE PARIS


Y
f (a)
N [ciclos]
2.10
208547.52
0
2.11
197484.08
2030
2.12
187263.46
3954
2.13
177795.17
5779
2.14
169001.39
7513
2.15
160814.80
9162
2.17
153176.89
10732
2.18
146036.50
12228
2.19
139348.74
13655
2.20
133074.00
15017
2.21
127177.24
16319
2.23
121627.29
17563
2.24
116396.34
18753
2.25
111459.51
19892
2.27
106794.44
20983
2.28
102380.99
22029
2.29
98200.96
23032
2.31
94237.87
23994
2.32
90476.73
24918
2.34
86903.90
25805
2.35
83506.93
26657
2.37
80274.43
27476
2.39
77195.95
28263
2.40
74261.90
29020
2.42
71463.45
29749
2.43
68792.44
30450
2.45
66241.38
31125
2.47
63803.28
31776
2.49
61471.72
32402
2.50
59240.71
33006
2.52
57104.68
33587
2.54
55058.48
34148
2.56
53097.27
34689
2.58
51216.58
35210
2.60
49412.20
35714
2.62
47680.21
36199
2.64
46016.95
36668
2.66
44418.97
37120

af [in]

0.800

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

5000

10000

15000

20000
N [ciclos]

25000

80

25000

100

30000

35000

120

40000

x(i)
6.673
8.361
8.098
8.176
8.176
8.176
8.176

x(i+1)
8.361
8.098
8.176
8.176
8.176
8.176
8.176

x(i+1)-x(i)
1.689
0.264
0.078
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Iteracin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1.800
1.600
1.400
1.200

1.000

x(i-1)
10.000
6.673
8.361
8.098
8.176
8.176
8.176

0.800
0.600
0.400
0.200
0.000

4
3
2

1
0
0
-1
-2
-3

-4

Iteracin

10

12

y(x)
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10

3
3.11217322
2.4623779
1.20970659
-0.33914308
-1.8049587
-2.82885748
-3.16015329
-2.71773336
-1.60991752
-0.10793772
1.420469
2.60109536
3.14488287
2.91869336
1.97790593
0.55285815
-1.0075486
-2.3212723
-3.06666759
-3.0612357

x [m]
0.00
0.08
0.17
0.26
0.35
0.45
0.54
0.65
0.76
0.87
0.98
1.09
1.20
1.30
1.39
1.46
1.51
1.53
1.50
1.41
1.26
1.02
0.69
0.27
0.24
0.00

v [m/s]
0.84
0.85
0.87
0.90
0.93
0.97
1.02
1.05
1.09
1.11
1.12
1.10
1.05
0.96
0.82
0.61
0.31
-0.08
-0.58
-1.20
-1.95
-2.80
-3.73
-2.27
-1.37
-2.41

a [m/s^2]
0.07
0.19
0.29
0.36
0.40
0.41
0.39
0.33
0.23
0.07
-0.16
-0.48
-0.90
-1.44
-2.11
-2.94
-3.91
-5.02
-6.23
-7.45
-8.55
-9.32
14.66
9.03
-10.42
-0.96

j [m/s^3]
1.24
0.94
0.67
0.41
0.13
-0.19
-0.57
-1.04
-1.61
-2.31
-3.17
-4.19
-5.39
-6.75
-8.23
-9.73
-11.11
-12.08
-12.24
-11.02
-7.63
239.72
-56.28
-194.46
94.55
-0.39

1.80
1.60
1.40
Posicin [m]

0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5

1.20
1.00
0.80
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.00
0

0.5

2.00
1.00
Velocidad [m/s]

t [s]

0.00
0
-1.00
-2.00
-3.00
-4.00

0.5

20.00

Aceleracin [m/s^2]

15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
0

0.5

-5.00
-10.00

1.5

2.5

-15.00

t [s]

300.00

1.5

2.5

Sobreaceleracin [m/s^3]

250.00
200.00
150.00
100.00
50.00
0.00
-50.00 0
-100.00
-150.00
-200.00
t [s]

-250.00

0.5

1.5

2.5

2.5

t [s]

1.5

t [s]

w [in]

L [in]
2.5

SOLUCIN POR EULER DE LA EC. DE PARIS


N
a(n) [in]
a(n+1) [in]
0
0.250
0.250
100
0.250
0.251
200
0.251
0.251
300
0.251
0.252
400
0.252
0.252
500
0.252
0.253
600
0.253
0.253
700
0.253
0.254
800
0.254
0.254
900
0.254
0.255
1000
0.255
0.255
1100
0.255
0.256
1200
0.256
0.256
1300
0.256
0.257
1400
0.257
0.257
1500
0.257
0.258
1600
0.258
0.258
1700
0.258
0.259
1800
0.259
0.259
1900
0.259
0.260
2000
0.260
0.260
2100
0.260
0.261
2200
0.261
0.261
2300
0.261
0.262
2400
0.262
0.262
2500
0.262
0.263
2600
0.263
0.263
2700
0.263
0.264
2800
0.264
0.264
2900
0.264
0.265
3000
0.265
0.265
3100
0.265
0.266
3200
0.266
0.267
3300
0.267
0.267
3400
0.267
0.268
3500
0.268
0.268
3600
0.268
0.269
3700
0.269
0.269
3800
0.269
0.270
3900
0.270
0.270
4000
0.270
0.271
4100
0.271
0.271

ao [in]
Pmax [kip]
0.25
28

Pmin [kip]

n
8

2.25

0.700
0.600
0.500
a [in]

t [in]
0.45

0.400
0.300
0.200
0.100
0.000
0

5000

10000

15000

20000
N [ciclos]

4200
4300
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800
4900
5000
5100
5200
5300
5400
5500
5600
5700
5800
5900
6000
6100
6200
6300
6400
6500
6600
6700
6800
6900
7000
7100
7200
7300
7400
7500
7600
7700
7800
7900
8000
8100
8200
8300
8400
8500
8600
8700
8800

0.271
0.272
0.272
0.273
0.273
0.274
0.275
0.275
0.276
0.276
0.277
0.277
0.278
0.278
0.279
0.280
0.280
0.281
0.281
0.282
0.282
0.283
0.283
0.284
0.285
0.285
0.286
0.286
0.287
0.288
0.288
0.289
0.289
0.290
0.290
0.291
0.292
0.292
0.293
0.293
0.294
0.295
0.295
0.296
0.296
0.297
0.298

0.272
0.272
0.273
0.273
0.274
0.275
0.275
0.276
0.276
0.277
0.277
0.278
0.278
0.279
0.280
0.280
0.281
0.281
0.282
0.282
0.283
0.283
0.284
0.285
0.285
0.286
0.286
0.287
0.288
0.288
0.289
0.289
0.290
0.290
0.291
0.292
0.292
0.293
0.293
0.294
0.295
0.295
0.296
0.296
0.297
0.298
0.298

8900
9000
9100
9200
9300
9400
9500
9600
9700
9800
9900
10000
10100
10200
10300
10400
10500
10600
10700
10800
10900
11000
11100
11200
11300
11400
11500
11600
11700
11800
11900
12000
12100
12200
12300
12400
12500
12600
12700
12800
12900
13000
13100
13200
13300
13400
13500

0.298
0.299
0.300
0.300
0.301
0.301
0.302
0.303
0.303
0.304
0.305
0.305
0.306
0.306
0.307
0.308
0.308
0.309
0.310
0.310
0.311
0.312
0.312
0.313
0.314
0.314
0.315
0.316
0.316
0.317
0.318
0.318
0.319
0.320
0.320
0.321
0.322
0.322
0.323
0.324
0.325
0.325
0.326
0.327
0.327
0.328
0.329

0.299
0.300
0.300
0.301
0.301
0.302
0.303
0.303
0.304
0.305
0.305
0.306
0.306
0.307
0.308
0.308
0.309
0.310
0.310
0.311
0.312
0.312
0.313
0.314
0.314
0.315
0.316
0.316
0.317
0.318
0.318
0.319
0.320
0.320
0.321
0.322
0.322
0.323
0.324
0.325
0.325
0.326
0.327
0.327
0.328
0.329
0.329

13600
13700
13800
13900
14000
14100
14200
14300
14400
14500
14600
14700
14800
14900
15000
15100
15200
15300
15400
15500
15600
15700
15800
15900
16000
16100
16200
16300
16400
16500
16600
16700
16800
16900
17000
17100
17200
17300
17400
17500
17600
17700
17800
17900
18000
18100
18200

0.329
0.330
0.331
0.332
0.332
0.333
0.334
0.335
0.335
0.336
0.337
0.337
0.338
0.339
0.340
0.340
0.341
0.342
0.343
0.344
0.344
0.345
0.346
0.347
0.347
0.348
0.349
0.350
0.350
0.351
0.352
0.353
0.354
0.354
0.355
0.356
0.357
0.358
0.358
0.359
0.360
0.361
0.362
0.363
0.363
0.364
0.365

0.330
0.331
0.332
0.332
0.333
0.334
0.335
0.335
0.336
0.337
0.337
0.338
0.339
0.340
0.340
0.341
0.342
0.343
0.344
0.344
0.345
0.346
0.347
0.347
0.348
0.349
0.350
0.350
0.351
0.352
0.353
0.354
0.354
0.355
0.356
0.357
0.358
0.358
0.359
0.360
0.361
0.362
0.363
0.363
0.364
0.365
0.366

18300
18400
18500
18600
18700
18800
18900
19000
19100
19200
19300
19400
19500
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20100
20200
20300
20400
20500
20600
20700
20800
20900
21000
21100
21200
21300
21400
21500
21600
21700
21800
21900
22000
22100
22200
22300
22400
22500
22600
22700
22800
22900

0.366
0.367
0.368
0.368
0.369
0.370
0.371
0.372
0.373
0.374
0.375
0.375
0.376
0.377
0.378
0.379
0.380
0.381
0.382
0.383
0.383
0.384
0.385
0.386
0.387
0.388
0.389
0.390
0.391
0.392
0.393
0.394
0.395
0.396
0.397
0.397
0.398
0.399
0.400
0.401
0.402
0.403
0.404
0.405
0.406
0.407
0.408

0.367
0.368
0.368
0.369
0.370
0.371
0.372
0.373
0.374
0.375
0.375
0.376
0.377
0.378
0.379
0.380
0.381
0.382
0.383
0.383
0.384
0.385
0.386
0.387
0.388
0.389
0.390
0.391
0.392
0.393
0.394
0.395
0.396
0.397
0.397
0.398
0.399
0.400
0.401
0.402
0.403
0.404
0.405
0.406
0.407
0.408
0.409

23000
23100
23200
23300
23400
23500
23600
23700
23800
23900
24000
24100
24200
24300
24400
24500
24600
24700
24800
24900
25000
25100
25200
25300
25400
25500
25600
25700
25800
25900
26000
26100
26200
26300
26400
26500
26600
26700
26800
26900
27000
27100
27200
27300
27400
27500
27600

0.409
0.410
0.411
0.412
0.413
0.414
0.416
0.417
0.418
0.419
0.420
0.421
0.422
0.423
0.424
0.425
0.426
0.427
0.428
0.429
0.431
0.432
0.433
0.434
0.435
0.436
0.437
0.438
0.440
0.441
0.442
0.443
0.444
0.445
0.446
0.448
0.449
0.450
0.451
0.452
0.454
0.455
0.456
0.457
0.459
0.460
0.461

0.410
0.411
0.412
0.413
0.414
0.416
0.417
0.418
0.419
0.420
0.421
0.422
0.423
0.424
0.425
0.426
0.427
0.428
0.429
0.431
0.432
0.433
0.434
0.435
0.436
0.437
0.438
0.440
0.441
0.442
0.443
0.444
0.445
0.446
0.448
0.449
0.450
0.451
0.452
0.454
0.455
0.456
0.457
0.459
0.460
0.461
0.462

27700
27800
27900
28000
28100
28200
28300
28400
28500
28600
28700
28800
28900
29000
29100
29200
29300
29400
29500
29600
29700
29800
29900
30000
30100
30200
30300
30400
30500
30600
30700
30800
30900
31000
31100
31200
31300
31400
31500
31600
31700
31800
31900
32000
32100
32200
32300

0.462
0.464
0.465
0.466
0.467
0.469
0.470
0.471
0.473
0.474
0.475
0.476
0.478
0.479
0.480
0.482
0.483
0.485
0.486
0.487
0.489
0.490
0.491
0.493
0.494
0.496
0.497
0.499
0.500
0.501
0.503
0.504
0.506
0.507
0.509
0.510
0.512
0.513
0.515
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.521
0.523
0.524
0.526
0.527

0.464
0.465
0.466
0.467
0.469
0.470
0.471
0.473
0.474
0.475
0.476
0.478
0.479
0.480
0.482
0.483
0.485
0.486
0.487
0.489
0.490
0.491
0.493
0.494
0.496
0.497
0.499
0.500
0.501
0.503
0.504
0.506
0.507
0.509
0.510
0.512
0.513
0.515
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.521
0.523
0.524
0.526
0.527
0.529

32400
32500
32600
32700
32800
32900
33000
33100
33200
33300
33400
33500
33600
33700
33800
33900
34000
34100
34200
34300
34400
34500
34600
34700
34800
34900
35000
35100
35200
35300
35400
35500
35600
35700
35800
35900
36000
36100
36200
36300
36400
36500
36600
36700
36800
36900
37000

0.529
0.531
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.537
0.539
0.541
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.547
0.549
0.551
0.553
0.555
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.565
0.567
0.569
0.571
0.573
0.575
0.577
0.579
0.581
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.595
0.597
0.599
0.601
0.603
0.605
0.607
0.609
0.611
0.614
0.616

0.531
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.537
0.539
0.541
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.547
0.549
0.551
0.553
0.555
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.565
0.567
0.569
0.571
0.573
0.575
0.577
0.579
0.581
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.595
0.597
0.599
0.601
0.603
0.605
0.607
0.609
0.611
0.614
0.616
0.618

37100

0.618

0.620

C
max [ksi]
6.60E-09
24.89

20000
N [ciclos]

25000

30000

35000

min [ksi]
7.11

40000

[ksi]
17.78

af [in]
0.62

N
100

N
37100

g [m/s^2] [kg/m^3] A [m^2] m [kg] Vt teorica [m/s] Vt teorica [kph] Vt num [m/s]
9.8
1 3.14E-04 1.00E-02
24.98
89.92
24.98
V0 [m/s]
1

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

V [m/s]
0.00
9.32
16.36
20.63
22.89
24.00
24.52
24.77
24.88
24.93
24.96
24.97
24.97
24.98
24.98
24.98
24.98
24.98
24.98
24.98
24.98

t [s]

k1
9.80
8.43
5.59
3.11
1.57
0.75
0.35
0.16
0.08
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

k2
9.42
6.92
4.03
2.07
1.00
0.47
0.22
0.10
0.05
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

k3

k4
9.45
7.23
4.49
2.43
1.21
0.58
0.27
0.12
0.06
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

30.00

8.40
5.49
2.97
1.45
0.68
0.31
0.14
0.07
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

25.00
20.00
v [m/s]

t [s]

15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
0

Vt num [kph]
89.92

10

15
t [s]

20

25