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INMA INSTITUTO DE MATEMTICA

Disciplina: Matemtica II
Professora: Fernanda Elisbo Silva de Souza
Assunto: Reta tangente e definio de derivada

1. Encontre a reta tangente das seguintes funes:

a) () = + 10 no ponto P = (1,11)

( + 1) (1) ( + 1)2 + 10 (12 + 10)
= lim = lim
0 0
()2 + 2 + 1 + 10 1 10) (2 + )
= lim = lim
0 0

lim (2 + ) = 2 + 0 = 2
0
=2


0 = ( 0 )
11 = 2( 1)
= +

b) () = no ponto Q = (1,1)

( + 1) (1) (1 + )3 (1)
= lim = lim
0 0
13 + 3.12 . + 3.1. ()2 + ()3 1 (3 + 3. + ())
= lim = lim
0 0
lim (3 + 3. + ()2 ) = 3
0

=3


0 = ( 0 )
1 = 3( 1)
=
(+)()
2. Calcule as derivadas abaixo por meio da definio lim
0
a) () = 3 + 2
( + ) () 3( + ) + 2 (3 + 2)
() = lim = lim
0 0
3 + 3 + 2 3 2 3
lim = lim =
0 0
INMA INSTITUTO DE MATEMTICA
Disciplina: Matemtica II
Professora: Fernanda Elisbo Silva de Souza
Assunto: Reta tangente e definio de derivada

b) () = 1 4 2
( + ) () 1 4( + )2 (1 4 2 )
() = lim = lim
0 0
1 4()2 8. 4 2 1 + 4 2 4()2 8.
= lim = lim
0 0
. (8 + 4)
= lim = lim (8 + 4) =
0 0
1
c) ( ) =
+2
1 1
( + ) ()
( + ) + 2 + 2
() = lim = lim
0 0
1 1 1 ( + 2) ( + + 2) 1
= lim ( ). = lim .
0 + + 2 + 2 0 ( + + 2). ( + 2)
+ 2 2 1 1
= lim . = lim 2 .
0 2
+ . + 2. + 4 + 4 0 + . + 2. + 4 + 4
1
= lim 2 =
0 + . + 2. + 4 + 4 + +
d) () = 2 2 1
( + ) () 2( + )2 ( + ) 1 (2 2 1)
() = lim = lim
0 0
2 2 2
2 + 4. + 2() 1 2 + + 1) 4. + 2()2
= lim = lim
0 0
(4 + 2 1)
= lim = lim (4 + 2 1) = ( )
0 0

e) () = 4 3
( + ) () 4( + ) 3 4 + 3
() = lim = lim
0 0
4 + 4 3 4 + 3 4
= lim = lim =
0 0

f) () = 5 2
( + ) () 5 2( + ) 5 + 2
() = lim = lim
0 0
5 2 2 5 + 2 2
= lim = lim =
0 0
INMA INSTITUTO DE MATEMTICA
Disciplina: Matemtica II
Professora: Fernanda Elisbo Silva de Souza
Assunto: Reta tangente e definio de derivada

g) () = 2 3, = 2
( + 2) (2) (2 + ) 3 22 + 3
(2) = lim = lim
0 0
22 + 4 + ()2 22 4 + ()2 (4 + )
= lim = lim = lim
0 0 0
= lim 4 =
0

h) () = 2 + 2, = 3
(3)
( + 3) (3) (3 + )2 + 2(3 + ) (32 + 2.3)
= lim = lim
0 0
32 + 6 + ()2 + 6 + 2 32 6 8 + ()2
= lim = lim
0 0
. (8 + )
= lim = lim 8 + =
0 0

i) () =
(+)() (+)3 ()
() = lim = lim
0 0

3 + 3. 2 . + 3. . ()2 + ()3 3 3. 2 . + 3. . ()2 + ()3


= lim = lim
0 0
. (3 2 + 3. . + ()2 )
= lim = lim 3 2 + 3. . + ()2 =
0 0

3. Determine a equao da reta tangente ao grfico da funo f(x) = x 3 + x + 3 no ponto de


abscissa x0 = 0.

( + 0 ) (0 ) ( + 0)3 + ( + 0) + 3 (03 + 0 + 3)
= lim = lim
0 0
()3 + + 3 03 0 3) ()3 + (()2 + 1)
= lim = lim = lim
0 0 0
= lim ()2 + 1) = 1
0
=


3 = 1( 0)
=+
INMA INSTITUTO DE MATEMTICA
Disciplina: Matemtica II
Professora: Fernanda Elisbo Silva de Souza
Assunto: Reta tangente e definio de derivada

4. Determine a equao da reta tangente ao grfico da funo f(x) = x 2 3x + 4 no ponto (1,


f(1)).

( + 0 ) (0 ) ( + 1)2 3( + 1) + 4 (12 3 + 4)
= lim = lim
0 0
()2 + 2 + 1 3 3 + 4 1 + 3 4 ()2
= lim = lim
0 0
( 1)
= lim = lim 1 = 1
0 0


(1) = 12 3 + 4 = 2
0 = ( 0 )
2 = 1( 1)
= +

5. Determine uma equao da reta tangente ao grfico da funo f(x) = 2x2 + 3 que seja paralela
reta y = 8x + 3.

( + 0 ) (0 ) 2( + )2 + 3 2 2 3
1 = lim = lim
0 0
2 + 4. + 2() 2 2
2 2
4. + 2()2 (4 + 2)
= lim = lim = lim
0 0 0
= lim (4 + 2) = 4
0

( + 0 ) (0 ) 8( + ) + 3 8 3
2 = lim = lim
0 0
8 + 8 + 3 8 3 8
= lim = lim =8
0 0
1 = 2
1 = 2
4 = 8
=2
(2) = 2.22 + 3 = 11

0 = ( 0 )
11 = 8( 2)
= 8 5
INMA INSTITUTO DE MATEMTICA
Disciplina: Matemtica II
Professora: Fernanda Elisbo Silva de Souza
Assunto: Reta tangente e definio de derivada

6+
6. Encontre a reta tangente curva = no ponto P=(0,2)
3
6 + + 6 +
( + 0 ) (0 )
= lim = lim 3 3
0 0

(6 + + ). (3 ) (3 ). (6 + ) 1
= lim .
0 (3 ). (3 )

18 6 + 3 2 + 3 (18 + 3 6 2 6 ) 1
= lim .
0 9 3 3 + 3 +

18 6 + 3 2 + 3 18 3 + 6 + 2 + 6 + ) 1
= lim .
0 9 3 3 + 2 3 +

18 6 + 3 2 + 3 18 3 + 6 + 2 + 6 + ) 1
= lim .
0 9 3 3 + 3 +

3 + 6 1 9 1
= lim . = lim .
0 9 6 + 3 + 0 9 6 + 3 +

9 9 9
lim = = =1
0 9 6 + 3 + 9 6 + 9 6.0 + 0


0 = ( 0 )
2 = 1( 0)
=+2