Você está na página 1de 15

AULA 3

Passado
simples
+ Passado
contínuo
Hey,
what’s up!

Essa é a revisão da nossa aula sobre passado simples e


passado contínuo! Na última aula revisamos sobre o verbo
to be (am, is, are), os auxiliares do e does, além do presente
simples. Mas Teacher, e se eu quiser fazer afirmações no
passado, como faço?

Quando você quiser dizer algo no passado, geralmente em


inglês você vai utilizar algumas expressões de tempo. Por
exemplo, yesterday (ontem), last night (noite passada), last
monday (segunda passada), ago (atrás), etc. Essas
expressões e determinações de tempo mostram que as
frases estão no passado simples (simple past).

Para formar frases no passado também precisamos saber que


existem verbos regulares e verbos irregulares. O verbo
regular é aquele que a forma no passado e no particípio é a
mesma no spelling, ou seja, na escrita ou soletração, e possui
terminação -d, -ed, e para verbos terminados em y, mas
antecedidos por consoante, -ied. Abaixo temos uma tabela
com alguns verbos regulares.

PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE

LOVE (amar) LOVED


LEARN (aprender) LEARNED
CALL (chamar) CALLED
CLEAN (limpar) CLEANED
OFFER (oferecer) OFFERED
STUDY (estudar) STUDIED
DANCE (dançar) DANCED
WORK (trabalhar) WORKED

Veja alguns exemplos:

I studied English last night. (Eu estudei inglês noite


passada)

I worked last Sunday. (Eu trabalhei domingo passado)

Yesterday I danced all night. (Ontem eu dancei a noite


toda)

Bem fácil conjugar os verbos regulares no passado, não é


mesmo?

Mas alguns verbos no passado simples não terão terminação


com -ed, -ied. Esses são os verbos irregulares. Os verbos
speak (falar), read (ler), go (ir) e know (conhecer) são alguns
exemplos. Ou seja, eles não têm um regulamento para a sua
forma no passado. Assim, você precisa decorar os verbos
irregulares para saber como aplicá-los corretamente nas
frases. Veja abaixo:

You spoke English. (Você falou inglês)


She read a lot. (Ela leu muito) (a pronúncia de “read”,
nesse caso, é diferente do presente simples)

We went to the beach. (Nós fomos à praia)

They knew each other. (Eles se conheciam)

Veja mais alguns verbos irregulares na tabela abaixo:

PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE

LEAVE (deixar) LEFT


FORGET (esquecer) FORGOT
HAVE (ter) HAD
GET (pegar) GOT
DO (fazer) DID

Para ter acesso a tabela de


verbos irregulares, clique aqui

Você aprendeu sobre o passado simples para frases


afirmativas, mas… Como usá-lo para frases negativas e
perguntas?
Você lembra que na última aula aprendemos sobre o uso do
“do” e “does”? Para o passado simples também teremos um
auxiliar para frases negativas e perguntas, o “DID”. Para
he/she/it, o auxiliar é o mesmo: did
Atente-se que quando o “did” é usado, o verbo principal
não é escrito no passado, ele mantém a forma original.

Para as frases negativas, podemos usar “DID NOT” ou a


contração “DIDN’T”. Veja alguns exemplos:

I didn’t go to school yesterday. (Eu não fui para a escola


ontem)

She did not buy the purse. (Ela não comprou a bolsa).

He didn’t know her. (Ele não a conhecia)

They did not study for the test. (Eles não estudaram para
o teste).

Para as frases interrogativas, nós colocamos o “DID” antes do


sujeito, assim como você aprendeu para o “do” e “does”.

Did you go to the cinema last night? (Você foi ao cinema


ontem à noite?)

Did he buy a car? (Ele comprou um carro?)

Did she get a good grade on the test? (Ela tirou uma boa
nota no teste?)

Did they travel last week? (Eles viajaram semana


passada?)
VERBO TO BE

O verbo to be possui uma conjugação específica para o


passado. O passado simples do verbo to be é o “WAS/WERE”.
A regra para frases afirmativas, negativas e interrogativas
segue a mesma lógica que o presente simples.

AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA

I was not /
I was Was I...?
wasn’t

You were not /


You were Were you…?
weren’t

He/she/it was
He/she/it was Was he/she/it..?
not / wasn’t

We were not /
We were Were we…?
weren’t

You were not /


You were Were you…?
weren’t

They were not


They were Were they…?
/ weren’t
Veja alguns exemplos:

I was at the hospital yesterday. (Eu estava no hospital


ontem.)

He was angry (Ele estava com raiva)

They weren’t in the shopping mall (Eles não estavam no


shopping)

Were you in the bathroom (Você estava no banheiro?)

PASSADO CONTÍNUO

Além do passado simples, vamos fazer uma revisão do


passado contínuo (past continuous). Você lembra quando vai
utilizá-lo?

O passado contínuo é um tempo verbal utilizado para


descrever ações que estavam acontecendo em um
determinado período no passado, ou seja, ações contínuas
que aconteceram no passado. Para isso, você vai usar a
seguinte estrutura:

Sujeito + passado simples do verbo to be (WAS/WERE)


+ gerúndio (-ing) do verbo principal

Veja a estrutura nas frases afirmativas, negativas e


interrogativas:
AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA

I was not /
I was playing Was I playing?
wasn’t playing

You were not /


You were Were you
weren’t
working working?
working

He/she was
He/she was Was he/she
not / wasn’t
watching watching?
watching

We were We were not / Were we


buying weren’t buying buying?

You were not /


You were weren’t Were you
singing singing singing?

They were not


They were / weren’t Were they
reading reading reading?

Existem alguns casos na qual você pode utilizar o passado


contínuo. Vamos ver cada um deles.

Uma ação em andamento num determinado momento no


passado

I was playing guitar last night (Eu estava tocando violão


noite passada).
In 2011 she was living in London. (Em 2011 ela estava
morando em Londres)

Você pode utilizar o passado contínuo para expressar


ações que estavam acontecendo ao mesmo tempo no
passado

I was reading a book while she was watching TV. (Eu


estava lendo um livro enquanto ela estava assistindo TV).

He was having dinner while we were studying for the


test. (Ele estava jantando enquanto nós estávamos
estudando para a prova).

Expressar uma ação contínua no passado, quando outra


mais pontual ocorreu

They were playing video games when the phone rang.


(Eles estavam jogando vídeo game quando o telefone
tocou).

We were swimming when she arrived. (Nós estávamos


nadando quando ela chegou).

Ação contínua habitual que ocorria no passado

She was constantly asking for help. (Ela estava


constantemente pedindo por ajuda).

Viu como não é complicado?


Na nossa próxima aula revisaremos o futuro simples.

Então não perca! Por hoje é só! Não esqueça de fazer os


exercícios da próxima página para testar o que aprendeu.

Eu agradeço pelo seu carinho, pela sua atenção, e pelo seu


tempo e te vejo na nossa próxima aula!

See you
next class!
Bye-bye!
EXERCISES
01 Complete the sentences with the correct words:

____ you ____ tennis when she called?

a) Did / played
b) Do / play
c) Was / playing
d) Were / playing

____ you ____ abroad?

a) Did / live
b) Does / lives
c) Do / lives
d) Did / lived

When ____ you ____ your wife?

a) Does / meets
b) Do / mets
c) Did / meet
d) Did / met

Where ____ you ____ for your holidays?

a) Does / goes
b) Do / gone
c) Did / goes
d) Did / go
02 Use the correct words to complete the sentences.

Dean ____ the waiter, but the waiter didn’t hear him.

a) call
b) called
c) calling

When I ____ a young child, I really didn’t like chocolate.

a) was
b) were
c) wasn’t

I ____ Sonia in the supermarket but we didn’t talk .

a) see
b) seed
c) saw

Chrissie went home because she ____ well.

a) didn’t feel
b) didn’t felt
c) didn’t feels

I ____ the guitar when he came home.

a) didn’t was practising


b) was practising
c) were practising
Yesterday at six my wife ____ dinner.

a) was preparing
b) were preparing
c) were prepared

03 (PUC-GO) Complete the following text using the


correct past tense conjugation of the verbs in
parenthesis:

Last night Susan (go) ____________ to her friend’s


birthday party. She (dance) ____________ with her
boyfriend, and (eat)_______ _____ cake. After they
(leave) ____________ the party, Susan and her
boyfriend (decide) ____________ to go and watch a
movie at the theater. They (see) ____________ the new
Transformers movie, and then they went home. When she
(get) ___________home, Susan (take)
____________ a shower and (fall) ________ asleep
quickly.

Choose the correct option from the ones listed below:

a) go/ dance / eat / leave / decide / see / get / take / fall.


b) went / danced / ate / left / decided / saw / got / took /
fell.
c) will go / will dance / will eat / will leave / will decide / will
see / will get / will take / will fall.
d) had gone / had danced / had eaten / had left / had
decided / had seen / had gotten / had taken / had fallen
ANSWER KEY

QUESTION 01 QUESTION 02

d) Were / playing b) called


a) Did / live a) was
c) Did / meet c) saw
d) Did / go a) didn’t feel
b) was practising
a) was preparing
QUESTION 03

b) went / danced /
ate / left / decided /
saw / got / took / fell.