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Fonte Variável   Fonte de energia

Fonte de alimentação
variável 0-30V em 3A
Por Apichet Garaipoom 19 de julho de 2021 35 comentários

Este é um diagrama de circuito de fonte de alimentação variável de 0-


30V. Eu recomendei isso. Porque você pode ajustar uma tensão de saída de
0 V a 30 V, com corrente de 3 A e proteção contra sobrecarga.

Also, It is a high-efficiency regulator using an IC regulator, UA723, and power


transistor, TIP3055. So, it is a small laboratory DC Power Supply at an
inexpensive cost.

0-30V Variable Power Supply at 3A

Best for who is finding circuits: 0-12V and 0-24V variable power supply circuit
diagram. Because It is high current, normal parts, a new circuit design.

Why should make 0-30V variable Power


Supply
Modern design—I used to show you the old circuit below, also using
LM723. But it powers a current just 2A. And It uses 2N3055 power
transistor. So, It is difficult to make. But this use TIP3055 instead. It is
slim so easy to install on a heatsink.
Output voltage—voltage output adjustable: 0-30VDC

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com
Corrente máxima - toda a faixa de tensão de saída pode alimentar a
corrente de até 3A
Barato - se você comparar com circuitos antigos. isso é mais barato
do que eles.
Necessidade parte -você deve usar um transformador: 12-0-12V 4A
para até plena corrente de 3A.

Como funciona

O diagrama de circuito de fonte de alimentação variável 0-30V 3A

Conforme o diagrama de circuito da Figura 1. A ordem de operação é


interessante.

Ops! Aqui é muito difícil. Observe…


fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30v . ou

Regulador de tensão LM350

Aqui está um processo passo a passo.

Reduza a tensão CA
O principal CA de um transformador reduz a tensão CA alta para baixa
tensão CA. Veja a seguir como ajustar a tensão desejada.

A tensão CA baixa do retificador CA para CC flui através do conjunto


de diodos de ponte (D1 a D4). Eles retificam a tensão de pulso CA
para CC.
O DCV
C1 não regulado é um capacitor de filtro para a tensão pulsante em
uma corrente contínua constante (DC). Antes, envie para ...
Circuito regulador DC
A tensão chega ao IC1 e algumas partes. Eles mantêm a tensão de
saída constante. Mesmo a carga vai consumir muita corrente, a tensão
ainda é estável. 

Se você quiser ler mais detalhes sobre os circuitos LM723, pode


visitar. Folha de dados ! 

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com
Mas a corrente do pino 11 do IC1   é muito fraca. Eles precisam
aumentar a corrente.
Aumente a corrente
Dois transistores Q1 e Q2 estão conectados no modo Darlington,
portanto, muitos ganhos.
Adjustable voltage
You rotate VR1 to change the output voltage between 0V and 30V.
Special voltage selector
Adjusting VR1 at low voltage is difficult. Such as 0-12V, 0-10V, and
more. 

But this is special, you can select a range of voltage in 2 steps, low and
high, with SWITCH in a circuit. 

Low: 0-12V and High: 0-30V. If you cannot imagine, see below!

Overload Protection
Detect overload
Sometimes it is too much current that the transistor and other parts tolerate it.

You look at parallel resistors(R1 to R5) that are reduced to 0.2 ohms to detect
overload current.

If the current exceeds 3A. The voltage across these resistors more than 0.6V.
Also, The voltage at the base-emitter of TR3 is 0.6V, making it works.

Between its collector-emitter likes, a switch closed.


It also connects with the base-emitter of Q1. It makes Q1 reduce working, the
current is lower.

Then, Q2–power transistor stops working too. Thus, the output is low current,
this circuit is safe.

Let’s build them


First of all, get the electronics components.

Parts you will needs

We may buy them at electronics stores near you or online to get parts.

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com
IC1: uA723-HIGH PRECISION VOLTAGE REGULATOR
Q1: BD140, 80V 1.5A PNP Transistor
Q2: TIP3055, 60V 15A, high-Speed Switching Silicon transistor
Q3: CS9012, 40V 0.5A PNP Bipolar Transistors
D1-D4: 1N5401, 100V 3A Rectifier Diodes

Electrolytic capacitors
C1: 4700uF 50V
C3: 100uF 50V

Ceramic Capacitors
C2: 680pF 50V
C4: 0.1uF 50V
0.5W 5% Resistors
R1-R5: 1 ohms
R6: 50 ohms
R7, R9, R12, R13: 100K,
R8: 2.7K,
R10: 10K,
R11: 5K,
VR1: 5K, Potentiometer

Others
T1:12V-CT-12V, 4A transformer
Heatsink, PCB, Wires, and more…

Here is the PCB layout.

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com

And this is the components layout

Note: 
Here are the KITS that I bought from a local store. If you want to save time, it
can be ordered through Amazon.

Where buy electronics components

Assembly
Then, Assemble the components on PCB.

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com
It starts with the lowest parts first, to be beautiful. Easy assembly To start with,
followed by a diode, resistor, and respectively height and so on. 

As the image below soldering lowest electroniccomponents.

Be careful!
Some components have polarity like electrolytic capacitors, diodes,
transistors, etc. 

They require correct placing. If they are the wrong polarity. They will get
destroyed from reverse voltage.

The components layout and wiring of this 0-30v Variable Power


Supply project.

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com

We assembled all parts completely on PCB.

This project uses AC power so we must be careful about high voltage.

Finally, we have made this project so successful.

Applications

The connecting “12” and “0” will be through a selector switch.

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com

For 2 selector;

Use voltage 0-12V at “0”


Use voltage output 0-30V at “12,12” the voltage minimum is 0.3V to
maximum is 33 volts.
This way makes the transistor, not overheat.

The output we should connect a 3A fuse in series before to use.

Testing
We test this project. As the video step by step.

1. Apply the AC power then turn on power switch ON.


2. Select Switch to 0-12V Before then Rotate the knob VR1 fully the left.
3. Measure voltage at the output point, then rotate the VR1 slowly to right,
the output voltage starts is 0.3V or 300mV to 16VDC maximum.
4. Toggle switch to “12-24V” then measure the voltage again 330mV to 32
volts.
5. Setting the output is 12V, then Apply a 12V 50W as the load.
6. Measure the current output when load 12V is 3A maximum.
7. Temperature measurement of transistor operation.

How to solve circuit not works


If you made this project but it did not work. You do not worry. It is not a problem.
It is a process of your electronic learning. You should have fun solving it.

Here are some basic guidelines for you.

First
No load, No power to this circuit. And Check and Check again with slowly.
Surely, something is wrong.

Second
If you check all is correct. You try to power to the circuit again. Then, measure
the voltage at.

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com
TP A (Test point)—It should read voltage about 33VDC. If it is not like
this. 
You should check the unregulated voltage again. Which include a
transformer, bridge diodes, and C1.
TP B—Also voltmeter should read about 33VDC. But it is zero or lower
voltage. Show that parallel resistor, R1-R5 are broken.

Third
Check the circuit again. even pins of IC1.

Equivalent Transistors

CS9012
If you Cannot find a CS9012 transistor you may use an equivalent transistor is
BC327 PNP transistor. ButDifferent pinout positions between the Emitter and
collector.

CS9012 datasheet : http://www.mouser.com/ds/2/149/SS9012-117759.pdf


Ice = 500mA max, Vce = 40max

BC327 Datasheet : http://www.mouser.com/ds/2/149/BC327-30422.pdf


Ice = 800mA, Vce = 40Vmax

Replace a CS9012 with the BC327 equivalent


transistors

If you want the better circuits, look here!

0-50V 3A Variable DC Power


Supply

Related Posts

https://www.eleccircuit.com/cheap-adjustable-0-30v-3a-laboratory-dc-power-supply/ 9/18
24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com

0-50V 3A Variable power supply

0-30V 0-5A regulated variable power


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Ham radio power supply circuit with RFI


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LM338 | Datasheet | Adjustable Power


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https://www.eleccircuit.com/cheap-adjustable-0-30v-3a-laboratory-dc-power-supply/ 10/18
24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com

Simple Variable power supply circuit 0-30V


2A

Variable power supply using LM317

GET UPDATE VIA EMAIL


I always try to make Electronics Learning Easy.

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LM723 Last updated on July 20, 2021

Apichet Garaipoom
I love electronic circuits. I will collect a lot of circuit
electronics to teach my son and are useful for
everyone. Thanks for your support.

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35 Comments

Muhammad Atif Reply


April 13, 2016, 4:27 am

plz upload pcb for this supply

Iqbal Reply
December 4, 2019, 11:31 am

Where I buy this pcb board

Ron Reply
April 23, 2016, 7:06 pm

Do you have the whole power supply as a kit with


PC BOARD?

MR OHM 1970 Reply


April 24, 2016, 2:37 pm

What A Handy Dandy Little piece Of Test Gear To


Have Around Your Test Lab!! Thanks MOMENAME

Gokhu Reply
May 12, 2016, 2:59 am

hi..how to design this circuit..how to calculate the


value ..will you tell me how to design this power
circuit

Nguyễn Văn Tiến Reply


May 14, 2016, 6:26 am

Hello !!!
His name is Tien, Vietnam .We himself as he was
the Student attending Electronics industry, I have
enjoyed watching your product, I want to embark on
the implementation of this product, You can ask
yourself Printed circuit Board (PCB) of you. If
possible I would like to thank you very much 🙂

https://www.eleccircuit.com/cheap-adjustable-0-30v-3a-laboratory-dc-power-supply/ 12/18
24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com

vlady Reply
July 28, 2016, 11:59 pm

Another idea for a bench or lab supply, that is even


less expensive, is to re-use the power supply unit
(PSU) from an old computer. The following link
gives detailed instructions for converting and
reusing the PSU from a disused or old computer

fadstoobsessions.com/Electronics-Projects/DIY-
Tools/ATX-PSU-Conversion.php

vlady Reply
July 29, 2016, 1:04 am

The transformer in the parts list is 12-0-12V, could


you explain how the circuit can produce up to 30V
DC Supply, thanks

ElecCircuit.com Reply
July 30, 2016, 6:44 pm

Hi vlady,
Thanks for your answer. Please check voltage
across C-4700uF is 33V-35V DC. and check circuit
again slowly. It is worked!

Jesrel Reply
August 12, 2016, 9:10 pm

Would you please share your PCB for this project?


Thank you! From Philippines…

daniel Reply
December 16, 2016, 2:02 am

hi. tks for all but could you share your PCB for this
nice and usefull projet?

Ibrahim Reply
January 23, 2017, 11:49 am

hi. Thank for all but could you share your PCB for
this nice and usefull projet?

https://www.eleccircuit.com/cheap-adjustable-0-30v-3a-laboratory-dc-power-supply/ 13/18
24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com

Ritcheboy Reply
January 3, 2018, 8:43 pm

Hi sir I always checked your projects and I really


love it can you give me the PDF file or pcb layout
ang parts list plssss
I want to make this

Ritcheboyb@gmail.com

Sanjay Reply
January 24, 2018, 5:29 am

Hi, any equivalent for CS9012 as nowhere it’s


available here in India.

Dibos Reply
September 20, 2019, 10:55 pm

Is it okey to use diode(4007)

ElecCircuit.com Reply
September 20, 2019, 11:01 pm

You may use a diode 1N5402 better in


3A 100V.

Yvon Reply
December 2, 2018, 10:01 pm

Hello sir i need a voltage schemes regulate 0-30 +


bob Reply
December 10, 2018, 9:53 am

Hello, I’m new to the site, I wanted to groped with


all of you for the simplicity and precision with which
you do these things for nothing simple for a novice
like me. You are the most interesting site I’ve ever
found on electronics, and I’ve visited many, thank
you for what you do.

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Lander Ignacio Reply


September 9, 2019, 2:54 am

Is it okay to replace the transformer to 12V 3A or


14V 4A

ElecCircuit.com Reply
September 9, 2019, 9:39 pm

Hi, Lander Ignacio


You are welcome.

Yes, you can use 14V CT 14V or 28V output


transformer.
It is 39V DC at C1. And the output voltage
regulator will rise up to 35V approx.

If you have any results. Please back to here


again.

Thanks.

Anon Reply
September 27, 2019, 11:22 pm

How to modify this for higher current .i.e. 5A instead


of 3A?

A Apichet Garaipoom Reply


September 28, 2019, 8:54 am

Hi,
You may try
this: https://www.eleccircuit.com/0-50v-3a-
variable-dc-power-
supply/#Can_increase_current_up_to_5A

Use 2N3055 or TIP3055 instead.

I am sure because I not do test it.

Have a good day.

George Reply
October 6, 2019, 11:38 am

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Does it have anything if I use a simple 28V


transformer?

A Apichet Garaipoom Reply


October 20, 2019, 1:36 am

Hi George
If you use 28VAC. It is 28Vx1.414 = 39V at
output maximum voltage is approx 36V to
37V.

Donatus Reply
October 17, 2019, 2:56 pm

I want to add a display for the variable voltage and


one for the current. I need you to help me with how
to set it up.

A Apichet Garaipoom Reply


October 20, 2019, 1:54 am

Hi Donatus,

I’m not sure about your question. But this


may be of benefit to you.
https://www.eleccircuit.com/lm317-power-
supply/#Add_LED_Voltmeter_display

MAriana Reply
October 31, 2019, 11:13 am

Hi, could you tell me how to add a short circuit


protection?

Manvee Reply
February 5, 2020, 6:40 am

We soldered the circuit with all recommended


components, cs9012 blasted, burned up after
switching on, what might be the cause?

A Apichet Garaipoom Reply


August 5, 2020, 8:09 pm

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24/07/2021 Diagrama do circuito da fonte de alimentação variável de 0-30 V em 3A - ElecCircuit.com

Hello Manvee,
Thank you for making this project.
I am sorry to hear that. Something wrong
CS9012 maybe high current or reverse
polarity.
Please recheck again. I believe you can do it,
cool down step by step.

Suresh Reply
September 2, 2020, 9:00 pm

Hai. I would like to have a variable power supply.


This supply has to be varied based on an voltage
input in the range 0-10V or 0-5V. This external
voltage input comes from a PLC analog output. So
for example the Variable power supply is in range of
0 -30. If plc sends 1V then the supply should give
out 3V and so on. Thanks in advance

A Apichet Garaipoom Reply


October 17, 2020, 4:37 pm

Hello, Suresh

Thanks for your visit. How are you?

Your question is interesting. I want to learn


how to use a PLC. It has an output voltage of
0-5V, but the current is very low, right?

How would you like to implement this circuit?


It is a power supply

I am interested in this If you will explain to me


as well, it’s very good.

Have a good day.


Apichet

Victor nanshir Reply


May 27, 2021, 7:19 pm

how many watts are the resistors

A Apichet Garaipoom Reply


June 21, 2021, 7:19 pm

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Hello, Victor nanshir,


Thanks for interesting in this circuit. You can
use 0.5watts of resistors.

Robert Reply
June 8, 2021, 5:27 am

Thank you for your enthusiasm in the electronic


business. For the 0-30V Variable Power Supply at
3A project, where can I obtain the printed PC board
or just the image so that I can have it made where I
live.? Thank you

A Apichet Garaipoom Reply


June 21, 2021, 7:23 pm

Hello Robert,
Thanks for interesting in this circuit.
I am sorry. I do not know where to buy the
PCB of this circuit.
However, You may build it in the Perforated
PCB. It is quite easy and quick than making a
true PCB.

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