Você está na página 1de 40

Caro(a) aluno(a), Voc est se aproximando do momento em que deixar a escola; os conhecimentos adquiridos at agora sero a base para

sua formao futura. Neste volume, voc revisar a linguagem associada a algumas profisses, bem como as responsabilidades e as atribuies pertinentes a elas. Mais uma vez, o Ingls lhe permitir falar sobre assuntos diretamente relacionados com sua vida fora da escola, discutindo as qualificaes necessrias para a atuao profissional em diversas reas. Voc tambm ter a oportunidade de reconhecer e usar vrias estruturas gramaticais para falar de seus planos profissionais e daqueles relativos a seus estudos futuros. Desde que voc teve os primeiros contatos formais com a lngua inglesa como parte de seu currculo na escola pblica, aprendeu que so muitas as oportunidades para aprofundar seu conhecimento sobre esse idioma. O Ingls est presente no nosso dia a dia e fcil complementar o que apresentado nas aulas regulares, por meio de sites, redes de relacionamento, msicas e filmes, por exemplo. Use o conhecimento do idioma, construdo ao longo de sua vida escolar, para auxili-lo(a) em pesquisas sobre outras reas e disciplinas e tambm para aprender mais sobre o prprio idioma.
Equipe Tcnica de Ingls rea de Linguagens e Cdigos Coordenadoria de Estudos e Normas Pedaggicas CENP Secretaria da Educao do Estado de So Paulo

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 1

28/06/10 14:32

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 2

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

LEARNING TARGETS
21st century professions Neste Caderno, voc far atividades que iro ajud-lo a: 1. Reconhecer as caractersticas e a organizao de um depoimento, de um guia do estudante e de uma apresentao de cursos universitrios. 2. Identificar o assunto principal de um texto e relacion-lo a experincias pessoais e perspectivas futuras. 3. Inferir o sentido de palavras ou expresses em um texto. 4. Reconhecer e usar conjunes: either... or e neither... nor. 5. Reconhecer e usar oraes condicionais (tipo 1). 6. Reconhecer e usar as estruturas verbais que indicam planos futuros (will, going to). 7. Reconhecer e usar os verbos modais may e might. 8. Retomar os tempos verbais simple past e present perfect. 9. Elaborar um depoimento pessoal sobre planos profissionais para o futuro. 10. Trabalhar em equipe, assumindo funes e contribuindo para o trabalho em grupo.

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 3

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

SITUATED LEARNING 1 CAREER: CHOOSING A PROFESSION PART I

1. Look at the text and answer. What is its purpose? Who would read this kind of text? What for?

Student Guide Choosing your profession!


COURSES
1. Business Administration Prepares people to manage different kinds of public or private
organizations. This professional will be able to plan, organize, control and foresee a companys development in order to achieve better results. Course duration 4 or 5 years. Further development You will have most of your training on the job. The company may also arrange more training courses either in-company or in training centers outside the company. Where to work You may work with all types of companies or organizations, industrial and commercial businesses, including health services.

2. Logistics Deals with managing the flow of goods, information and money.
Course duration 2 years. Further development You will have to update your studies in this field by taking further courses and workshops. Where to work You may work in transportation companies, industries and trading companies.

3. Mechanical Engineering The branch of engineering responsible for the design, production, and
use of tools and machines. Course duration 5 years. Further development You may help your career development by updating your skills and knowledge in order to have a more strategic role in researching, planning and developing new projects. Where to work You may work in different organizations, including governmental bodies, the armed services, industries, research and development companies.

4. Digital Games Prepares people to develop, design and produce games for computers, mobiles
and Internet, according to market needs. This course can be taken online. Course duration 2 years. Further development You may continue developing your knowledge and skills by attending courses and studying specific programs to create games. Where to work You may work in specialized companies or at home, since your presence at the company is not essential.
Elaborado especialmente para o So Paulo faz escola.

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 4

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

2. Read the text and answer. a) What kind of information does the text bring? ( ) course descriptions ( ) where to study ( ) where to work ( ) where to live ( ) prices ( ) websites for research ( ) salaries ( ) articles about choosing a career ( ) descriptions of professions ( ) testimonials

b) Which courses have the shortest duration?

c) Which course can be taken online? What kind of people take an online course?

d) Find out where professionals from these fields might work: Logistics and Digital Games.

e) What does a Digital Games professional do?

f ) What does a Logistics professional have to do to develop his/her career?

3. Read the following sentences and identify the appropriate meaning for the underlined conjunctions. a) The company may also arrange more training courses either in-company or in training centers outside the company. b) We neither sell nor rent equipment. ( ) This kind of conjunction shows that both alternatives are excluded. ( ) This kind of conjunction shows two possible alternatives.
5

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 5

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

4. Have a look at the examples and rewrite sentences using either... or or neither... nor. Examples: a) Mark may take Mathematics or he may take Computer Science. Mark may take either Mathematics or Computer Science.

b) Carol doesnt smoke and she doesnt drink. Carol neither smokes nor drinks.

c) Ann doesnt study during the day and she doesnt study in the evening.

d) Alfred doesnt work and he doesnt study.

e) I may become an engineer or I may become a Mathematics professor.

f ) They can enter university next semester or they can enter next year.

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 6

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

5. Have a quick look at the text, read the title, the subtitle and pay attention to the layout. What do you think it is about?

Student Guide Choosing your profession!


Career
If you choose your career taking into consideration your interests, you will be fulfilled.
areer planning is a never-ending process. You will probably think about your career plans many times and re-address them during your life. It is a normal process to make up your mind about it and have different occupations until you get retired. It is really important to be honest with yourself and make a decision about your career based on what is fundamental to you, concerning your interests, skills, values and culture. Making a good career choice depends on some steps. The first step is to examine your interests. What kinds of jobs or careers attract your attention? If you are not sure, it is possible to take self-tests on the internet to help you answer some points about your interests and possible careers. The second step is to examine your abilities. What kinds of skills do you have? What are your strengths? What are your weak points? In high school, what were your best subjects? Why did you like those subjects? What kind of things did you learn in extracurricular activities? The third step is to examine what your values at work are, for example: teamwork and work groups, working under pressure, security, social status, helping society, strong financial compensation and financial rewards, creativity, imagination, innovation, autonomy, independence, freedom, professional development and ongoing learning and growth, and many others. The fourth step is to examine the career you want. There are some websites that might help you explore a list of occupations and lots of information about the profession you are looking for: activities, responsibilities, where to work, salaries and how to update. The fifth step is to examine all the choices, if there is more than one, and focus on choosing the one you like best. Other possible steps to get more information are: get college course brochures some are available online; talk to your teachers; talk to your older friends, mainly the ones who work or have already had an internship; talk to your family, there might be different kinds of professions in your family; visit universities and talk to course coordinators or students who are following the career you are considering.

17

Elaborado especialmente para o So Paulo faz escola.

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 7

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

Expansion activity
Read the text again and do as asked. a) Underline the questions in the first and second steps, and answer them.

b) Read the third step and answer: What are your values at work?

c) Point out the two most relevant steps in your opinion. Discuss your choice in a small group.

d) Do you think these steps can help you choose a career? Why (not)?

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 8

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

: FOCUS ON LANGUAGE 1 1. Word search. Find out the past participle form of the verbs in the grid. be speak sign finish get recruit work

W C R k L M N F H

L B E E N N D S j

k D C H R B S I q

M S R D G S F G W

G x U G H F R N S

j F I N I S H E D

H z T z j P k D W

T j E k G O T G O

W k D x k k L F R

q L S S L E M G k

G N D H P N P H E

F k j W U A y j D

2. Complete these sentences using the verbs you found in Activity 1. a) I have just b) He has c) We havent d) She has e) I have already f ) They havent g) She hasnt a new job! in that company for five years. to your sister for a long time. unemployed since last year. the first term of my course. anyone for the position yet. the contract yet.
9

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 9

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

3. Circle the correct alternative. a) Unfortunately neither / either the documents nor / or the contracts are ready yet. b) We neither / either sell nor / or rent computers in this store. It is a music store! c) Neither / Either Ben nor / or Marta has the qualities we need. We must keep on interviewing other candidates! d) He is a great actor! He can be neither / either the hero nor / or the villain. e) I can meet you neither / either Wednesday nor / or Friday. Im available both these days! f ) Neither / Either Brazil nor / or Spain played well at the finals. The game was unbelievably boring! 4. Combine the sentences with either... or or neither... nor. Follow the examples. a) He can work in the office. He can work at home. He can work either in the office or at home . b) I dont know where she is. She is not at the office. She is not at the airport. She is neither at the office nor at the airport. c) The hotel wasnt clean. The hotel wasnt comfortable.

d) We can leave today. We can leave tomorrow. Its up to you!

e) Mark doesnt drink. Mark doesnt smoke.

f ) you can write an email. you can call them.

FOR FUN question: Why did the traffic lights turn red?
Answer: you would too if you had to change in the middle of the street.

10

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 10

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

SITUATED LEARNING 2 CAREER: CHOOSING A PROFESSION PART II

1. Discuss in groups of three. a) Have you ever been to a university? If so, which one? How did you like it?

b) What program would you like to take? Why?

c) Look at the following list and check which criteria you would use to choose the program and the university to attend. ( ) location/distance from home ( ) public vs. private ( ) costs and financial assistance packages ( ) campus resources (labs, libraries, computer access etc.) ( ) internship programs ( ) Brazilian Education Ministry evaluation ( ) class size ( ) quality/reputation/ranking ( ) safety (campus, community) ( ) social life (sports, parties etc.) ( ) religious affiliation ( ) housing options (dorms, apartments) ( ) online courses d) In your point of view, how important is it to have a college education in Brazil nowadays?
11

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 11

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

2. Have a look at the text and check where it was taken from. How do you know? ( ) a magazine ( ) a flyer ( ) a brochure

Welcome to World Citizen University Table of Contents World Citizen University began in 1811, and it is the oldest public university in the world. Over the Welcome Letter 4 General Information 5 Schedule of the Program 7 Admission Requirements 8 Arts and Humanities 9 Biomedicine 11 Social Sciences 14 Technology 16 Science 27 past few years, it has become the university that offers the most famous online courses. As of this moment, there are about 40,000 students from different countries attending online courses. World Citizen University offers more than 250 undergraduate and graduate programs across a wide range of fields. Some of the most popular are Business, Engineering and Communication. you can obtain bachelors (B.A., B.S.), masters (M.A., M.S.), and doctoral (Ph.D.) degrees. World Citizen University Graduate Schools provide graduate education of the highest quality, stimulating and promoting a supportive and professional environment for students. We hope you will consider studying at the oldest and finest public university in the world.
3 4

Elaborado especialmente para o So Paulo faz escola.

3. Read the text and answer. a) What is the objective of the Table of Contents?

b) What is the objective of the Welcome Letter?

c) What kind of relevant information does the Welcome Letter bring?


12

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 12

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

4. Choose the correct meaning of if in the sentences below. If I enter the university, I will take the Agribusiness course to help my father in his farm. If I take Business Administration, I will be able to manage companies. ( ) you use if to express conditions. ( ) you use if to show uncertainty. 5. Work in pairs and write some sentences using If I..., I will... referring to your professional future. a) b) c) d) e)

13

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 13

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

: FOCUS ON LANGUAGE 2 1. Complete the sentences using the words from the box.

graduate

enter

read

invest

choose

a) If you b) If you study and work. c) If you d) If you the future. e) If I

more books, your vocabulary will improve a lot. the right profession, you will feel more motivated to , you will have new job opportunities. in your studies now, you will have many benefits in university, I will take Computer Science.

2. Circle the correct word to complete the sentences. a) What career suits / suit you best? b) How much do you knew / know about being a journalist? c) Should I gone / go to college or look for a job? d) What are / is your strengths? e) Have you ever being / been to a university? 3. Read the testimonial and complete it using the words from the box. designer education experience grow up knowledge create
14

games Math

dream computers

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 14

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

Testimonial I think that everyone has a (a) be or to do when they (b) (c) him my dream was to work with (d) play (e) is an essential part of my (g) (h) course to develop my (i) (j) new games. it was a fantastic (f ) of something they would like to . When I was in the 8th grade, my teacher asked me what I wanted to do when I grew up. I told . I have been fascinated by ! Technology . Nowadays Im a computer games and I love what I do. Next year I will take another about computers so that I can

computers since I was very young. When I was four years old my father gave me a toy computer to

4. Read the testimonial again and write (F) for False and (T) for True. ( ) His father gave him a toy computer when he was fourteen. ( ) He is a computer analyst. ( ) When his teacher asked him what he wanted to do, he didnt know what to answer. ( ) He is a computer games designer, but he doesnt enjoy it very much. ( ) He will create new games after he takes a course to develop his knowledge. FOR FUN question: Whats got a head and a tail, but no body?
Answer: A coin.

15

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 15

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

SITUATED LEARNING 3 TESTIMONIALS: CHOOSING A PROFESSION

1. Look at the testimonials in the Student Guide and discover what they are talking about. More than one alternative may be correct. ( ) choosing a profession ( ) first job ( ) looking for a job ( ) plans

Student Guide Choosing your profession!


Testimonials: choosing my profession
Engineering Since my childhood days I dreamt of becoming either an engineer or a Mathematics professor because I have always been keen on numbers and calculations. By the time I finished high school, I had made up my mind. I entered university in order to take a Mechanical Engineering course. I knew it would be a hard nut to crack, but I could not picture myself in any other profession. I have just landed my first job in a German car company. It is going to be an internship and, depending on my personal development, I might be hired once the internship program is over. Edward Smith

Dentistry I am pleased to say I have just got a degree in Dentistry, just like my father. During my childhood days I would always enjoy going to work with my father, who is a dental surgeon. Having realized my interest in such a job, he encouraged me to choose this career and has supported me during my university years. I am going to apply for a graduate course. Professional improvement is very important in this career, as I will be dealing with other peoples health. Marilyn Stuart

Computer Science The idea of a world without computers and information technology is unconceivable nowadays. That is because humankind has become highly dependent on computers. Being aware of that, I decided I would study Computer Science. I have become very fond indeed of developing new computer programs so I might become a programmer. I have just been offered a job in an American company where I will help the IT analysts. I am looking forward to it because I will finally be able to put my knowledge into practice. Ann Barley

34
Elaborado especialmente para o So Paulo faz escola.

16

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 16

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

2. Read the testimonials and complete the chart. First Job/Internship Interests/Abilities Plans

Engineering

Dentistry

Computer Science

3. Now read the previous chart and the testimonials again and pay attention to the way people express their plans. To talk about future plans they use: ( ) will ( ) present perfect ( ) going to ( ) might

4. Think about three classmates and write some predictions about their future professional lives. There are some examples below to help you. Do not use your classmates names. Examples: I think he will take Nanotechnology at the university. I think she is going to be an English Language and Literature teacher. a) b) c)

17

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 17

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

5. Have a look at these sentences and check the appropriate meaning for might and may. It is going to be an internship and, depending on my personal development, I might be hired once the internship program is over. It is the nurse who is supposed to provide everything the sick person may need. ( ) They express future possibility. ( ) They express prohibition. 6. Read the sentences and circle the correct alternative. a) Peter: When will you attend classes at the university? Mark: I am not sure. It is / might / will be around the beginning of March. b) Beth: Are you taking another final test next month? john: I am not sure if I did well on Calculus. I will / might / am going to need to. c) Eric: Do you think he will pass the exam? Ann: Well, he will / might / is going to pass, but I dont think he will.

: FOCUS ON LANGUAGE 3 1. Look at Alans weekly planner for the afternoons next week. Complete the sentences following the example.
MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY

10

11

12

13

14

15

English class at 3 p.m.

Study for Science test at Johns house

English class at 3 p.m.

Help my brother with computer lessons

Soccer class

Extra computer class

watch a soccer game

a) Alan cant play soccer on Wednesday afternoon because he is going to have an English class at 3 p.m. b) He wont be home on Tuesday afternoon because he...

18

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 18

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

c) He cant go out on Thursday because he...

d) On Friday he...

e) On Saturday Alan cant go out with friends because he...

f ) He doesnt want to go to the cinema with friends on Sunday because he...

2. Rewrite the sentences using the correct verb tense: future (will) or simple present. Follow the example. a) Harry / get into / university / after / he / finish / high school. Harry will get into university after he finishes high school. b) He / get / his first job / before / he / go / to college.

c) When / he / finish / high school / he / look for / a job.

d) He / take / Computer Science / at college / after / he / find / a job.

e) He / get / a promotion / if / he / work / one year / as an intern.

f) Ann / improve / her knowledge of digital games / when / she / start /a university course.

3. Unscramble the words to form sentences. a) final / I / exams. / pass / the / History / might

b) next / jones / win / election. / might / the


19

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 19

28/06/10 14:32

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

c) get / into / year. / next / might / They / college

d) company / next year. / developing / I / be / projects / in the / might / responsible for / new

e) two / you / be / after / years. / might / promoted

4. Match the columns to complete the sentences. a) I dont think the entrance exam to college b) I doubt that student c) I guess he d) I suppose Bob and Melanie e) you work so hard Im sure you ( ) will get his first job soon. ( ) will have a baby soon after they get married. ( ) will need extra classes on Biology to pass the exam. ( ) will be promoted soon! ( ) will be very difficult.

FOR FUN question: Whats got a wave but no sea?


Answer: My hair.

20

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 20

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

SITUATED LEARNING 4 PRODUCING TESTIMONIALS: PROFESSIONAL PLANS

1. Work in groups of three students to write about your professional plans. Suppose you are invited to write a testimonial about your future career and that it will be published in a guide called Student Guide Choosing your profession!. 2. Look at the text in Situated Learning 3 and pay attention to the way a testimonial is organized. What kind of information does it bring? In what sequence is the information presented? What are the verbs used to talk about careers, personal interests, plans and responsibilities? 3. you can also look at some student guides in English or Portuguese (online or printed) in order to remember how a testimonial is organized and also to check the different kinds of plans people talk about. 4. Discuss and decide on the following items to produce your testimonial: Profession: First job or internship: Interests and abilities: Plans (courses, projects etc.): 5. Now it is time to start writing the testimonial! Dont worry about mistakes, it is only a draft! Write a complete testimonial like the examples you read in Situated Learning 3. Dont forget to: a) talk about your first job or internship, your abilities and plans, and the courses you wish to take to develop your knowledge; b) use verb tenses that indicate plans, like: will, going to, may, might; c) use the correct verb tense to talk about previous experience (simple past) and life experience (present perfect); d) sign your testimonial. draft = rascunho
21

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 21

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

Producing Testimonials: Professional Plans DRAFT

6. It is time to share your texts! Swap drafts with another group. Read your friends testimonials and help them improve their texts. How can they be better? Do you have any suggestions? Check if your friends testimonials have the characteristics listed below. ( ) They talk about the chosen profession. ( ) They talk about the first job or internship. ( ) They describe plans. ( ) They identify the writers name. ( ) They use appropriate verb tenses to talk about plans: will, going to, may, might. ( ) They use appropriate verb tenses to talk about experience (simple past, present perfect). ( ) They are organized like a testimonial.
22

swap = trocar

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 22

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

7. Now, get your own text back and check your friends suggestions. Re-read your text and try to make further corrections. Are the verbs in the correct tense? What about spelling and punctuation? 8. To round it off, produce the final version of your testimonial. you can also create the page of the Student Guide Choosing your profession! to present your final production!

Producing Testimonials: Professional Plans FINAl vERsIoN

9. Now, you are ready to present your final version to the group. Read your friends testimonials and vote for the most interesting one.
23

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 23

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

LEARN TO LEARN Job interviews


1. Relacione as duas colunas para descobrir o objetivo das perguntas que so feitas em uma entrevista de emprego. a) Descrio de qualidades e habilidades ( ) Fale-me sobre voc. pessoais e profissionais. ( ) quais so seus objetivos de curto e lonb) Descrio das atividades e responsabigo prazo? lidades do emprego anterior. ( ) O que considera como seu ponto fraco? c) Descrio de desejos para o futuro. ( ) que habilidades profissionais voc desenvolveu? ( ) O que voc fazia exatamente em seu ltimo emprego? ( ) Onde voc se imagina daqui a trs anos? ( ) O que voc aprendeu em seu ltimo emprego? 2. Leia as orientaes a seguir sobre como se preparar para uma entrevista de emprego e marque o que no adequado para essa situao. ( ) Evitar perfumes fortes. ( ) Verificar se a roupa est limpa e bem passada. ( ) Evitar roupas curtas, transparentes ou surradas. ( ) Usar sapatos surrados. ( ) Usar maquiagem pesada. ( ) Verificar se as unhas esto aparadas e limpas. ( ) Chegar 10 minutos antes da hora marcada. ( ) Levar cpias do currculo, papel e caneta, bem como algumas anotaes sobre suas competncias e objetivos. ( ) Reclamar do emprego/empresa anterior. ( ) Usar uma linguagem mais formal no usar grias.
Respostas da questo 1: a; c; a; b; b; c; b Respostas da questo 2: Usar sapatos surrados. / Usar maquiagem pesada. / Reclamar do emprego/empresa anterior.

24

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 24

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

Em uma entrevista de emprego, voc deve mostrar suas qualidades e conhecimentos, dando destaque queles que podem ser teis para a empresa que oferece a vaga. Por que importante preparar-se para uma entrevista de emprego? Essa preparao mostra que voc considera esse momento importante e est interessado em conseguir o emprego. Tambm fundamental fazer uma pesquisa para saber mais sobre a empresa que oferece a vaga. Uma boa ideia praticar as perguntas e respostas de uma entrevista com algum familiar ou amigo. Assim voc conseguir organizar e antecipar possveis respostas. 3. Observe como so as perguntas de uma entrevista de emprego em lngua inglesa. Numere-as de acordo com a classificao usada na Atividade 1. ( ) Can you tell me about your previous job? What exactly did you do there? ( ) What personal and professional skills have you developed? ( ) What do you do in your free time? What hobbies and interests do you have? ( ) What are your career objectives? Where do you see yourself three years from now? ( ) What have you learned in your current job? ( ) Are you a persistent and determined person? Can you give me an example? Em lngua inglesa, as expresses que indicam os principais tpicos em uma entrevista so: personal and professional skills; previous job or current job; responsibilities; career objectives; job position.

Think about it! Por que importante olhar nos olhos (eye contact) do entrevistador ao cumpriment-lo e durante a conversa? Por que importante ter um aperto de mo firme ao cumprimentar algum? Voc olha nos olhos das pessoas quando est conversando? Como seu aperto de mo? Pense sobre isso!

25

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 25

Respostas da questo 3: b; a; a; c; b; a.
28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

VOCABULARY LOG Aqui voc vai registrar o vocabulrio que aprendeu neste Caderno. Escolha duas palavras ou expresses encontradas nas Situated Learning 1, 2 e 3 e escreva cada uma delas no campo 1 (My word or expression). No campo 2 (Definition or translation), anote uma definio ou traduo para a palavra. Depois, no campo 3 (Association, example or picture), escreva algo ligado s palavras ou um exemplo; voc tambm pode fazer uma ilustrao nesse espao. No campo 4 (Sentence from the text), anote a frase em que a palavra apareceu no Caderno.
Situated Learning 1

Sentence from the text

Situated Learning 1

Sentence from the text

Situated Learning 2

Sentence from the text

26

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 26

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

Situated Learning 2

Sentence from the text

Situated Learning 3

Sentence from the text

Situated Learning 3

Sentence from the text

27

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 27

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

LEARN MORE
Para aprender mais sobre os contedos deste Caderno, sugerimos uma lista de sites e filmes com os quais voc pode ampliar suas oportunidades de aprender ingls.

Sites
Visite os seguintes endereos para saber mais sobre testes vocacionais, descries de atividades realizadas por diferentes profissionais, informaes sobre reas de trabalho e profisses, tudo em ingls!

<http://www.questcareer.com/career_assessment_resources.html>. Acesso em: 18 mar. 2010. <http://similarminds.com/career.html>. Acesso em: 18 mar. 2010. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/mind/surveys/careers/>. Acesso em: 18 mar. 2010. <http://jobseekers.direct.gov.uk/>. Acesso em: 18 mar. 2010. <http://www.connexionsdirect.com/jobs4u/>. Acesso em: 18 mar. 2010. <http://www.futurestudents.unimelb.edu.au/>. Acesso em: 18 mar. 2010. Para saber mais sobre verbos modais em ingls, voc pode visitar o seguinte endereo:

<http://www.solinguainglesa.com.br/conteudo/ModalVerbs1.php>. Acesso em: 18 mar. 2010.

Films

procura da felicidade (The pursuit of happyness). Direo: Gabriele Muccino. EUA, 2006. 127 min. Drama. Livre. Filme inspirado na histria real de Chris Gardner (Will Smith), um vendedor que luta para construir um futuro melhor para si e para seu filho de cinco anos. O personagem procura mudar de vida e consegue um estgio no remunerado na esperana de ser contratado ao final de alguns meses. O filme mostra cenas em que o protagonista procura emprego e faz entrevista. Uma curiosidade sobre o ttulo original do filme: a palavra happyness grafada incorretamente decorrente de uma das cenas. O filho do personagem principal fica em uma escola para crianas pequenas durante o dia e no muro da escola est escrito happyness e no happiness. Sempre que Chris vai apanhar o filho, ele pede para corrigirem a palavra.
28

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 28

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

Fama (Fame). Direo: Alan Parker. EUA, 1980. 134 min. Musical. Livre. Em Nova york, estudantes de diversas origens sociais em uma escola de artes cnicas deparam com seus sonhos e suas frustraes no decorrer do curso, mas acima de tudo almejam ser amados e reconhecidos artisticamente.

Treino para a vida (Coach Carter). Direo: Thomas Carter. EUA, 2005. 136 min. Drama. 14 anos. A histria real e inspiradora de um treinador que decide mostrar os diversos aspectos dos valores da vida ao suspender seu time campeo por causa do desempenho acadmico dos atletas. Dessa forma, ken Carter recebe elogios e crticas, alm de muita presso para levar o time de volta s quadras. a que ele deve superar os obstculos de seu ambiente e mostrar aos jovens um futuro que vai alm de gangues, priso e at mesmo do basquete.

Ao mestre, com carinho (To Sir, with love). Direo: james Clavell. Reino Unido, 1967. 105 min. Drama. 12 anos. Baseado no livro homnimo de E. R. Braithwaite, Ao mestre, com carinho um timo drama vivido por um professor negro em uma escola de um bairro operrio de Londres. Ele decide enfrentar uma indisciplinada classe de alunos adolescentes e est disposto a transform-los em futuros homens e mulheres de bem. O filme levanta alguns problemas sociais e tnicos, e outros prprios das angstias e inseguranas da adolescncia, bem como vrias mensagens positivas em relao a esse universo.

29

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 29

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

INsTANT lANGUAGE
Nesta seo de seu Caderno, voc encontra alguns contedos lingusticos sistematizados em tabelas para auxili-lo em seu trajeto de aprendizagem da lngua inglesa. Voc pode usar essas tabelas como um material de referncia e consult-las mesmo quando j tiver concludo o Ensino Mdio!

verbs & phrases


To be able to To make a decision To dream of To be keen on something To deal with To be aware of To look forward to doing something To make up ones mind To get retired To achieve results To be responsible for To attend a course To look for a job To take a course

Careers: some collocations


VERB + CAREER Begin a career Build a career Choose a career Have a career CAREER + NOUN Career choice Career development Career goals Career objectives Career plans Career prospects ADjECTIVE + CAREER Future career Good career Previous career

Conjunctions: either... or/neither... nor


Use EITHER... OR with affirmative sentences to state two possibilities: You can EITHER write an essay oR a testimonial. Use NEITHER... NOR with affirmative sentences to state that two alternatives are not possible: You can NEITHER write an essay NoR a testimonial.

30

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 30

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

MIGHT & MAY


MIGHT and MAY are used to indicate a possibility. you MIGHT try to talk to him. Its a possibility! They MAy find a good opportunity in business.

Conditional sentences
Type 1 conditionals (If+present + future) are used to talk about future possibilities. If I get the money, I will travel to the northeast. (I dont have the money now, but there is a chance Ill get money. I need to travel.) They will miss the class if they dont hurry. (They are late, but there is a chance that they will arrive in time. They just need to hurry up.) Attention! When you begin the sentence with the if sentence, use a comma (,)! Compare: It will be more comfortable if we travel by car. If we travel by car, it will be more comfortable.

Future: WIll and GoING To


We use WIll/WoNT + vERB to talk about possibilities and predictions, or decisions you make when you are speaking. Maybe I WILL STAy at home and get some rest this weekend. I dont know what Sally WILL DO, and I WONT TALk to her about it! I have too many books to carry. WILL you HELP me, please? WILL the school team WIN the next game? We use To BE + GoING To + vERB to talk about plans and decisions already made. I AM GOING TO TRAVEL on Saturday at 9 oclock. Here is my ticket. He ISNT GOING TO PLAy basketball in the afternoon. He has an appointment with the dentist. Why ARE they GOING TO REWRITE all the letters? 31

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 31

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

simple past Present perfect


Use the simple past to ask and say WHEN something happened, with a clear reference to a finished time in the past. Use present perfect to ask and say HOW LONG something has been happening, with an unclear or unfinished time reference. Compare: I saw kate this morning (it is now evening). I have seen kate this morning (it is still morning). I studied Engineering for four years, between 1987 and 1990. (I am not studying Engineering anymore.) I have studied Engineering for four years. (I began four years ago but I havent finished the course. Im still studying.) She broke her arm twice last year. (We know the accidents happened last year.) She has broken her arm twice. (We dont know exactly when the accidents happened.)

32

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 32

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

some irregular verbs


Base form be become build buy do drink eat fall forget get give go grow have hear hold know lead leave lose make meet read ride see send spend take tell wear write Past was, were became built bought did drank ate fell forgot got gave went grew had heard held knew led left lost made met read rode saw sent spent took told wore wrote Participle been become built bought done drunk eaten fallen forgotten got, gotten given gone grown had heard held known led left lost made met read ridden seen sent spent taken told worn written

33

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 33

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

sElF-AssEssMENT
Revisite a lista de expectativas de aprendizagem na seo Learning Targets. Em seguida, folheie seu caderno e procure relacionar essas expectativas s atividades que voc realizou. Por fim, registre, nas linhas a seguir, o que voc j sabia, o que voc aprendeu e o que voc gostaria de aprender nos prximos meses!

34

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 34

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

35

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 35

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

36

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 36

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

37

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 37

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

38

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 38

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

39

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 39

28/06/10 14:33

Ingls - 3a srie - Volume 3

40

INGLES_CAA_3s_vol 3.indd 40

28/06/10 14:33