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AVALIAO P2

Componente curricular: G 8252 Estruturas de Ao


Data: 30/11/2017 Peso: 30,0 Pontos
Nome: GABARITO/SOLUO
Avaliao individual e com consulta a material impresso.

1) 10 / 30 Pontos. No caso de um perfil W 250x25.3 (ASTM A572) com vo de 7


metros, viga biapoiada e com carregamento uniformemente distribudo (Cb =
1.14). Verifique o Momento Fletor mx. resistente de clculo (M,Rd).

> # Qn1 # W250x25.3


Lb:=700; Cb:=1.14:

E:=20000: Fy:=34.5:

its:=2; #lam = 1; sold = 2;

h:=24; tw:=0.62; bf:=10.2; tf:=0.84;


Ix:=3473: rx:=10.31: Wx:=270.2: Zx:=311.1:
Iy:= 149: ry:=2.14:
It:=7.06: Cw:=22955:

# FLA
lambda[a]:=h/tw;

lambda[p]:=3.76*sqrt(E/Fy);
lambda[r]:=5.7*sqrt(E/Fy);

if lambda[a] <= lambda[p] then MRd[FLA]:=Zx*Fy/1.1


elif lambda[a] > lambda[p] and lambda[a] <= lambda[r] then
Mpl:=Zx*Fy; Mr:=Wx*Fy;
MRd[FLA]:=1/1.1*(Mpl-(Mpl-Mr)*(lambda[a]-
lambda[p])/(lambda[r]-lambda[p]))
elif lambda[a] > lambda[r] then print(Nao_Aplicavel)
end if;
# FLM
lambda[a]:=bf/(2*tf);

lambda[p]:=0.38*sqrt(E/Fy);

if its = 1 then lambda[r]:=0.83*sqrt(E/(Fy-0.3*Fy));


Mcr:=0.69*E*Wx/(lambda[a])^2
elif its = 2 then

if 4/sqrt(h/tw) >= 0.35 and 4/sqrt(h/tw) <= 0.763 then


kc:=4/sqrt(h/tw)
elif 4/sqrt(h/tw) < 0.35 then kc:=0.35
elif 4/sqrt(h/tw) > 0.763 then kc:=0.763
end if;

lambda[r]:=0.95*sqrt(E/((Fy-0.3*Fy)/kc));
Mcr:=0.9*kc*E*Wx/(lambda[a])^2
end if:
print('lambda[r]'=lambda[r]);

if lambda[a] <= lambda[p] then MRd[FLM]:=Zx*Fy/1.1;


elif lambda[a] > lambda[p] and lambda[a] <= lambda[r] then
Mpl:=Zx*Fy; Mr:=Wx*(Fy-0.3*Fy);
MRd[FLM]:=1/1.1*(Mpl-(Mpl-Mr)*(lambda[a]-
lambda[p])/(lambda[r]-lambda[p]))
elif lambda[a] > lambda[r] then MRd[FLM]:=Mcr
end if;

# FLT
lambda[a]:=Lb/ry;

lambda[p]:=1.76*sqrt(E/Fy);

B1:=Wx*(Fy-0.3*Fy)/(E*It):
lambda[r]:=1.38*sqrt(Iy*It)/(ry*It*B1)*sqrt(1+sqrt(1+27*Cw*
B1^2/Iy));

if lambda[a] <= lambda[p] then MRd[FLT]:=Zx*Fy/1.1


elif lambda[a] > lambda[p] and lambda[a] <= lambda[r] then
Mpl:=Zx*Fy; Mr:=Wx*(Fy-0.3*Fy);
MRd[FLT]:=Cb/1.1*(Mpl-(Mpl-Mr)*(lambda[a]-
lambda[p])/(lambda[r]-lambda[p]))
elif lambda[a] > lambda[r] then
MRd[FLT]:=1/1.1*evalf(Cb*Pi^2*E*Iy/Lb^2*sqrt(Cw/Iy*(1+0.039
*It*Lb^2/Cw)))
end if;
2) 10 / 30 Pontos. Uma coluna engastada na base nos dois planos de flambagem,
e no topo tem condies de apoio diferentes em cada plano (com KxLx=2,1( L );
KyLy=0,8( L ) e KzLz=1,0( L )). Para tanto verifique se o perfil soldado CS 250x52
de ao A36 suporta as seguintes cargas.
Permanente = 300kN; Acidental = 210 kN

L = 4,0 m L = 4,0 m
x

Ver apostila pg. 106

> # Qn2 CS 250x52


klx:=2.1*400; kly:=0.8*400; n:=1; Ca:=0.34;

E:=20000; Fy:=25; Fu:=40;

bf:=25; tf:=0.95; h:=23.1; tw:=0.8;

Ag:=66;
Ix:=7694; Iy:=2475;

bt[m]:=bf/(2*tf); bt[lim]:=evalf(0.56*sqrt(E/Fy));
if bt[m] <= bt[lim] then Qs:=1
elif bt[m] > bt[lim] and bt[m] < 1.03*sqrt(E/Fy) then
Qs:=1.415-0.74*bt[m]*sqrt(Fy/E)
elif (bt[m] > 1.03*sqrt(E/Fy)) then Qs:=0.69*E/(Fy*bt[m]^2)
end if;
bt[a]:=h/tw; bt[lim]:=evalf(1.49*sqrt(E/Fy));

if bt[a] <= bt[lim] then Qa:=1


elif bt[a] > bt[lim] then

if 1.92*tw*sqrt(E/Fy)*(1-Ca/bt[a]*sqrt(E/Fy)) <= h then


bef:=1.92*tw*sqrt(E/Fy)*(1-Ca/bt[a]*sqrt(E/Fy))
else bef:=h
end if;

Aef:=Ag-n*(h-bef)*tw;
Qa:=Aef/Ag;

end if;

Q:=Qa*Qs;

Nex:=evalf(Pi^2*E*Ix/klx^2);
Ney:=evalf(Pi^2*E*Iy/kly^2);

Ne:=min(Nex,Ney);

lambda[0]:=sqrt((Qa*Qs)*Ag*Fy/Ne);
if lambda[0] > 1.5 then X:=0.877/lambda[0]^2 else
X:=(0.658)^(lambda[0]*lambda[0]) end if;
Nc[rd]:=X*Qa*Qs*Ag*Fy/1.1;
NcSd:=1.35*300+1.5*210;
NcSd/Nc[rd];
3) 10 / 30 Pontos. Verificao de perfil laminado ao corte. A viga da figura utiliza
um perfil W 150x18.0 de ao ASTM A-36. Verifique se a viga atende aos requisitos
da NBR 8800 para resistncia ao cisalhamento.
Alma sem enrijecedores transversais.
Ver apostila pg. 97 120 kN
20 kN/m

> # Qn3 W150x18


Vsd:=110;

E:=20000; Fy:=25; Fu:=40;

h:=13.9; tw:=0.58; d:=15.3;


Aw:=d*tw;

#if (a/h > 3 and a/h < (260/(h/tw))^2) then kv:=5 elif a/h
< 3 then kv:=5+5/(Lb/h)^2 end if;
kv:=5;
lambda[a]:=h/tw; lambda[p]:=evalf(1.1*sqrt(kv*E/Fy));
lambda[r]:=evalf(1.37*sqrt(kv*E/Fy));

if lambda[p] > lambda[a] then


Vrd:=0.6*Aw*Fy/1.1
elif lambda[a] > lambda[p] and lambda[a] <= lambda[r] then
Vrd:=lambda[p]/lambda[a]*0.6*Aw*Fy/1.1
elif lambda[a] > lambda[r] then
Vrd:=1.24*(lambda[p]/lambda[a])^2*0.6*Aw*Fy/1.1
end if;
Vsd/Vrd;