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Direito Constitucional

em Mapas Mentais
(TURMA 2)

Revisão por Mapas Mentais


Otimizando o aprendizado e a memorização,
com a revisão esquematizada da matéria.

Edição revista e atualizada com as


Emendas Constitucionais nos 69 e 70

Por:
Roberto Troncoso
Marcelo Leite
Thiago Strauss

www.pontodosconcursos.com.br
SUMÁRIO

Visão Geral do Direito Constitucional ...................................................... 3


1. Introdução ao Estudo da CF ............................................................... 4
2. Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais .................................................... 7
2.1 Principais Direitos Individuais e Coletivos ........................................ 8
2.2 Remédios Constitucionais ............................................................. 12
2.3 Direitos Sociais ........................................................................... 19
2.4 Nacionalidade ............................................................................. 21
2.5 Direitos Políticos .......................................................................... 23
2.6 Partidos Políticos ......................................................................... 25
3. Organização do Estado ...................................................................... 26
3.1 Visão Geral ................................................................................. 26
3.2 Entes Federados .......................................................................... 27
3.3 Repartição de Competências ......................................................... 28
3.4 Intervenção ................................................................................ 29
4. Administração Pública ....................................................................... 30
Servidores Públicos ............................................................................... 31
5. Poder Legislativo ............................................................................... 34
5.1 Composição ................................................................................ 34
5.2 Comissões Parlamentares ............................................................. 35
5.3 Atribuições ................................................................................. 36
5.4 Estatuto dos congressistas ............................................................ 37
5.5 Tribunal de Contas da União ......................................................... 38
5.6 Competências constitucionais do TCU ............................................. 39
6. Processo Legislativo .......................................................................... 40
6.1 Processo Legislativo Ordinário ....................................................... 42
6.2 Emenda Constitucional ................................................................. 47
6.3 Medida Provisória ........................................................................ 50
6.4 Lei Delegada ............................................................................... 53
6.5 Regime de Urgência, Decretos Legislativos, Resoluções, Tratados
Internacionais, Irrepetibilidade e Controle Judicial do Processo
Legislativo ................................................................................. 55
7. Poder Executivo ................................................................................. 57
8. Poder Judiciário ................................................................................. 61
9. Ministério Público .............................................................................. 63
10. Controle de Constitucionalidade ........................................................ 65
10.1 Controle Difuso ........................................................................... 67
10.2 Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade .............................................. 69
10.3 Ação Declaratória de Constitucionalidade ........................................ 73
10.4 Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade por Omissão ............................ 74
10.5 Arguição de Descumprimento de Preceito Fundamental .................... 75
11. Sistema Tributário Nacional ............................................................... 76
Limitações ao Poder de Tributar ............................................................. 78
12. Finanças Públicas (Orçamento) ......................................................... 80
13. Ordem Econômica e Financeira .......................................................... 82
14. Ordem Social ...................................................................................... 83
14.1 Da Seguridade Social ................................................................... 83
14.2 Da Educação e Da Cultura ............................................................ 86
14.3 Da Ciência e Tecnologia e Da Comunicação Social ............................ 87
14.4 Do Desporto e Do Meio Ambiente .................................................. 88
14.5 Da Proteção à Família, à Criança, ao Adolescente, ao Jovem e Idoso e
Dos Índios .................................................................................. 89

www.pontodosconcursos.com.br
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso
Prof. Marcelo Leite
Prof. Thiago Strauss 5
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

9
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

10
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

11
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

12
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

13
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14
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

15
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

16
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

17
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

18
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

19
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

20
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

21
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

22
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

23
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

24
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

25
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

26
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 3 - Organização do Estado
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

27
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 3 - Organização do Estado
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

28
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 3 - Organização do Estado
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31
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

32
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

33
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 5 - Poder Legislativo
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42
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

43
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CASA INICIADORA
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a Casa Revisora
Plenário
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parecer parecer parecer e Votação)

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Votação nas Comissões

CASA REVISORA Aprova – vai para


Sanção ou veto

Comissão 1, 2, 3, Plenário
4, X … (Discussão Emenda – volta para
e Votação)
Emitem Parecer a Casa Iniciadora

Rejeita – arquiva+
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45
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arts. 63 a 67, Presidente da
Iniciadora Revisora Autógrafo Manutenção Arquiva +
69 e 61 República
do veto irrepetibilidade

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Prof. Roberto Troncoso


Prof. Marcelo Leite
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

47
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

48
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

0$3$'2352&(662/(*,6/$7,92'$(0(1'$&2167,78&,21$/

Só pára quando atingir


2 turnos nas 2 Casas e
por 3/5 dos votos
Iniciativa

Para reapreciação
1ª Casa 2ª Casa
em 2 turnos

1ª Turno 1ª Turno

Aprovação Aprovação
3/5 3/5

2ª Turno 2ª Turno

Modificação
Substancial
Aprovação Aprovação Promulgação
3/5 3/5 Mesas CD e SF

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


Prof. Marcelo Leite
Prof. Thiago Strauss 49
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

50
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

51
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CD Rejeita Por ausência SF Rejeita Por ausência


Comissão Mista
Apreciação dos pressupostos dos pressupostos
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Preliminar Preliminar
PR edita - Relevância e
- Relevância e Aprovado - Relevância e Aprovado
MP urgência
urgência urgência
- Adequação Apreciação Apreciação
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Orçamentária
Orçamentária Rejeitado Orçamentária Rejeitado

Expresso
Rejeitado Perde Eficácia CN disciplina as Se o CN não criar o DecLeg
pelo CN EX TUNC relações jurídicas em as relações jurídicas
60d por DecLeg continuam regidas pela MP

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(decurso de prazo)

PSF
Sem alteração Publica
promulga
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Maioria Absoluta 48h
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Com alteração CN
sessão Manutenção
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motivos
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rejeitada

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


Prof. Marcelo Leite
Prof. Thiago Strauss 52
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53
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

55
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56
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

63
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 9 - Ministério Público
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

64
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

65
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade
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Prof. Roberto Troncoso

66
Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade
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