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Apresentao Introduction

Em mais de quatro sculos de histria, o Estado de Over the last four centuries the state of So Paulo has
So Paulo perdeu boa parte de sua vegetao nativa, lost much of its native vegetation, largely consisting
constituda sobretudo por Mata Atlntica, Cerrado e of Atlantic Forest, brushland and coastal vegetation.
vegetaes costeiras. Today, much of what remains of this native forest
Atualmente, grande parte do que restou de sua mata is protected in special areas managed by the State
nativa est protegida em unidades de conservao, sob Environmental Secretariat. The So Paulo Forestry
responsabilidade da Secretaria Estadual do Meio Am- Foundation is responsible for administering the majority
biente. A Fundao Florestal o rgo responsvel pela of protected areas, some of which are classified as
administrao da maioria das unidades de conservao, state parks. These are prime areas for ecotourism
entre elas os parques estaduais, reas privilegiadas para activities, including birdwatching a hobby thats
atividades de ecoturismo, como a observao de aves. becoming increasingly popular in Brazil.
Chamada em ingls de birdwatching, essa atividade vem The Atlantic Forest is one of the most biodiversity-
se tornando cada vez mais popular no Brasil. rich regions in the world, particularly in terms of birdlife.
A Mata Atlntica uma das regies com maior bio- Of the 600 or so species of bird found here, 160 are
diversidade do mundo e tambm muito rica em aves. endemic that is, they occur nowhere else in the world.
Sua avifauna inclui mais de 600 espcies, das quais Birds maintain an important relationship with na-
cerca de 160 so endmicas, isto , no existem em ture. Species that feed on fruit transport the seeds
nenhum outro tipo de ambiente no mundo. and help with plant dispersal. Others, such as the
As aves tm relaes importantes com a natureza. hummingbird, play a pivotal role in flower pollination.
Espcies que comem frutos transportam as sementes As both hunters and prey, birds also form a link in
e contribuem para a disperso das plantas. Outras the food chain.
tm papel destacado na polinizao de flores, como The survival of many forest-dwelling species de-
os beija-flores. pends on the preservation of the natural environment.
Elas ainda participam da cadeia alimentar, sendo Landscapes altered by human activities may exhibit
predadoras ou presas. rich birdlife, but this will largely consist of species that