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Treinamento bsico 3G

CESAR NUNES
RF SPECIALIST OI PROJECT BRASIL- REGION II Phone: +55 61 3305 2110 Phone: +55 61 8625-8416 cesar.nunes@alcatel-lucent.com

Conceitos Bsicos 3G

2 | Presentation Title | Month 2006

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Conceitos Bsicos
UMTS - Universal Mobile Telecommunications System - Termo adotado para designar o padro de 3 Gerao estabelecido como evoluo para operadoras de GSM e que utiliza como interface rdio o WCDMA ou o EDGE.

RSCP Received Signal Code Power Refere-se a potncia de um cdigo especfico (aps o despreading) entre os smbolos de um piloto recebido. Valores tpicos em -dBm

EcIo - Representa a potncia do cdigo do sinal recebido dividido pela potncia recebida na banda passante do canal, definida por RSCP. Valores tpicos em dB.

PSC Pilot Scrambiling Code - Cdigo de embaralhamento, refere a sequncia de cdigos utilizadas no WCDMA para distinguir o piloto de um site e outro, bem como entre as transmisses mantindas entre um mvel e a NodeB. No downlink : O scrambling code utilizado para distinguir uma clula WCDMA de outra.

UARFCN - UMTS Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number - Nmeros dos canais em freqncia (portadoras) da tecnologia 3G. Calculado da seguinte forma: (UARFCN = 5 * frequncia).
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Conceitos Bsicos

HSUPA / R99 (Uplink)

HSDPA / R99 (Downlink)

HSDPA = High Speed Downlink Packet Access (at 14.4 Mbps) R99 = Release 99 (at 384 Kbps) HSUPA = High Speed Uplink Packet Access (at 5.4 Mbps)
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UMTS Band - EcIo

Ec

Io
5 MHz

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Site / Setor / PSC

NodeB

PSC Sector

3GPRFOZ0168 -> NodeB 3GPRFOZ01687 -> Setor

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Portadora 3G - UARFCN

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Portadora 3G

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RSCP

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EcIo

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Conceitos Bsicos

Baixo RSCP e Baixo EcIo = Problema de Cobertura

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Conceitos Bsicos

Bom RSCP e Baixo EcIo = Problemas de Interferncia

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Equipamentos/Softwares 3G

13 | Presentation Title | Month 2006

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NodeB

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NodeB 3800 Huawei

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BBU Base Band Unit

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RRU Remote Radio Unit

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RET Remote Electrical Tilt

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Estrutura 3G

NodeB

RNC M2000

BAM

SATCEL

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Handover

20 | Presentation Title | Month 2006

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Tipos de Handover

F1 / F1

SOFTER HANDOVER SOFT HANDOVER

(mesma NODEB)

(Diferentes NODEBs)

F1 / F2

INTER-FREQUENCY (diferente portadoras)

WCDMA / GSM

IRAT (interoperabilidade)

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Medies Mveis (PSC)


1a Adicionar no active set 1b Remover do Active set 1c Substituir no Active set 1d Substituir o melhor servidor

ACTIVE SET (max 3 PSC)

DETECT SET

MONITORED SET

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Modos de Medio

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Eventos de Handover
1A 1B 1C 1D Adicionar no Active set Remover do Active set Substituir do Active set Substituir o melhor servidor

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Rake Receiver

25 | Presentation Title | Month 2006

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Rake Receiver
O desvanecimento de sinal por mliplos percursos pode causar perda no sinal. O Rake receiver compensa esta perda por combinar os sinais recebidos por mltiplos percursos e melhorar a relao sinal/rudo diminuindo problemas de desvanecimento.

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Topologia 3G

27 | Presentation Title | Month 2006

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Topologia de Rede

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Arquitetura UMTS

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Elementos da Rede

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Elementos da Rede

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Interfaces 3G

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Canais Fsicos

33 | Presentation Title | Month 2006

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Canais Fsicos
33 dBm (2W) -5dB (0.63W)

-7dB (0.4W)

-6dB (0.5W)

DATA

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Planejamento de Rdio

35 | Presentation Title | Month 2006

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Planejamento de Rdio

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Site Survey

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Simulao de Cobertura

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Clutter

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Terreno

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Zona de Fresnel

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HSUPA

42 | Presentation Title | Month 2006

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HSUPA

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HSUPA

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45 | WiMAX Spectrum Occupation & Tests | 15 Abril 2008

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