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_2__apostila_de_matemtica_4_op

_2__apostila_de_matemtica_4_op

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Published by: Luni Festas on Feb 25, 2011
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1.

Introdução
Ao trabalhar as operações com os números naturais o Professor poderá planejar algumas
atividades para desenvolver o cálculo mental e o algortimo das operações !t"cnica
operat#ria$.
% cálculo mental não se apresenta apenas como um simples e&erccio de controle ou um
esforço de mem#ria' mas sim como um jogo de atividades intelectuais diversas e comple&as
(ue podem levar a descobertas de resultados' atrav"s de procedimentos pr#prios a cada
criança' " uma atividade matemática (ue motiva o aluno' aumentando sua segurança para
aplicar os conhecimentos (ue possui sobre operações e suas propriedades.
)o incio da aprendi*agem leva a criança a usar com compreensão as propriedades das
operações al"m de possibilitar a simplificação do algortimo !t"cnica operat#ria$' tornando+o
mais operacional.
% termo , fa*er de cabeça- implica em escolher uma t"cnica' entre as muitas e&istentes' (ue
se adapte melhor a uma determinada situação.
.al escolha pode variar de um aluno para o outro.
%s objetivos de se trabalhar o cálculo mental são/
 desenvolver habilidades ligadas a problemas reais (ue envolvam o conhecimento
e o domnio dos campos num"ricos0
 permitir (ue o pr#prio aluno descubra estrat"gias para o cálculo escrito' atrav"s
das diferentes escritas dos números e da aplicação das propriedades das
operações0
 substituir o cálculo escrito com rapide* e viabilidade0
 preparar caminho para cálculos mais comple&os.
As t"cnicas operat#rias podem ser trabalhadas a partir de atividades com material dourado
1ontessori ou similar. Para au&iliar a composição dos termos nas unidades de diversas
ordens. Inicia+se atrav"s da representação no material' seguido do registro num"rico na
forma decomposta' e na tabela valor de lugar.
A representação dos termos das operações na forma decomposta' au&ilia a compreensão do
principio do valor posicional empregado nas t"cnicas operat#rias' al"m de caracteri*ar bem
os reagrupamentos.
ADIÇÃO
A id"ia de juntar " intuitiva e muito familiar 2 criança.
."cnica operat#ria/
a$ 3uando a soma dos algarismos de cada ordem não ultrapassa 4.
5&. 167879:
)o material ;orma decomposta .abela valor de lugar
1<<8 6< 8 7
7< 8 9
1<<8 9< 8 =
158
> ? @
1 6 7
7 9 8
1 5 8
b$ 3uando a soma dos algarismos de cada ordem ultrapassa 4.
5&.
1$ 9A 8 B1 :
)o material ;orma decomposta .abela valor de lugar
9< 8 A
B< 8 1
16< 8 B
:
1<< 8 6< 8 B
127
> ? @
9 A
B 1 8
1 2 7
6$ 174 8 4A :
)o material ;orma decomposta .abela valor de lugar
1<< 8 7< 8 4
4< 8 A

1<<8 16< 8 19
1<< 8 1<< 8 6< 8 1< 8 9
6<< 8 7< 8 9
235

> ? @
1 7 4
4 A 8
2 3 5
PASSOS DA ADIÇÃO
1C Passo/ primeira parcela formada por numeral de dois algarismos e a segunda
formada por numeral de um s# algarismo' sem reserva.
16 8 7 :
=1 8 B :
AD 8 6 :
1B 8 6 :
79 8 6 :
67 8 9 :
A9 8 7 :
96 8 A :
=1 8 = :
A7 8 A :
7D 8 7:
6C Passo/ duas ou mais parcelas formadas por numerais de dois algarismos sem
reserva.
97 8 6A :
7D 8 67 :
96 8 7D :
67 8 D1 :
16 8 67 8 D7 :
D7 8 1D 8 61 :
79 8 D1 8 67 :
91 8 6D 8 16 :
AD 8 79 :
1D 8 D7 :
77 8 DA :
A7 8 6D :
11 8 79 8 67 :
A1 8 1A 8 61 :
17 8 96 8 67 :
66 8 7D 8 11 :
=6 8 19 :
9D 8 71 :
6D 8 A9 :
== 8 11 :
79 8 6< 8 16 :
67 8 7D 8 61 :
D7 8 66 8 7D :
67 8 1D 8 61 :
7C Passo/ duas ou mais parcelas formadas por numerais de dois algarismos com total
na ordem das de*enas maior (ue 1<' sem reserva.
4D 8 96 :
A6 8 46 :
=7 8 B9 :
BA 8 A7 :
47 8 D1 :
D9 8 B7 :
D7 8 96 8 71 :
6A 8 D6 8 =1 :
99 8 7D 8 9< :
76 8 97 8 4< :
AD 8 61 8 D6 :
A1 8 69 8 D6 :
DC Passo/ duas ou mais parcelas formadas por numerais de trEs ou (uatro algarismos'
sem reserva.
1D7 8 66D :
976 8 6D9 :
671 8 66D :
1D9 8 767 :
D<9 8 1<9 :
1D9 8 767 :
716 8 9D1 :
7D6 8 69D :
D96 8 769 :
A<1 8 7<A :
D16 8 69D :
6DD 8 A97 :
D76 8 696 :
6<6 8 7<A :
1<= 8 6<1 8 7<< :
D<7 8 6<6 8 1<< :
6<D 8 7<6 81<7 :
9<D 8 1<7 81<< :
1<D 8 6<< 8 7<6 :
6<1 8 767 8 166 :
61D9 8 7676 :
1<<7 8 6<<D :
DD76 8 69D7 :
6<1D 8 7<<9 :
916D 8 7B17 :
D<<7 8 9<<6 :
B<A 8 6<1 :
9C Passo/ duas ou mais parcelas formadas por numerais de dois ou mais algarismos'
com reserva na ordem.
67 8 D4 :
AD 8 1A :
74 8 DB :
77 8 D4 :
=A 8 49 :
47 8 64 :
BA 8 4D :
94 8 =D :
9D 8 64 :
6= 8 AB :
AD 8 1= :
7D 8 9= :
97 8 1= :
6A 8 AD :
4D 8 =B :
DA 8 BA :
=9 8 =A :
=A 8 1D :
694 8 D6D :
16D 8 67= :
6D7 8 164 :
697 8 A14 :
796 8 D64 :
67A 8 D9B :
7D9 8 67A :
67D 8 D=9 :
967 8 7AA :
7D4 8 977 :
D6< 8714 :
91D 8 1BA :
1= 8 61 8 B= :
67 8 BD 8 6= :
79 8 BD 8 6= :
97 8 79 8 D7 :
76 8 DA 8 9A :
DD 8 79 8 4A :
61 897 8 4= :
6D 8 A= 8 17 :
16D 8 619 8 77D :
177 8 61D 8 16= :
76D 8 617 8 77A :
AC Passo/ duas parcelas formadas por numerais de trEs algarismos' com reserva na
ordem das centenas.
6=A 8 7BD :
697 8 DB6 :
6=A 8 947 :
1=9 8 74D :
747 8 D=6 :
1B6 8 DAD :
967 8 64A :
716 8 D49 :
DB9 8 7=7 :
6=9 8 DB7 :
D1A 8 746 :
747 8 DA6 :
6=7 8 D4D :
741 8 6A7 :
947 8 7A6 :
BC Passo/ duas ou mais parcelas formadas por numerais de trEs algarismos' com
reserva na ordem das de*enas e das centenas.
6DA 8 74B :
A6A 8 64B :
1AD 8 DB4 :
D4A 8 64= :
7=9 8 7AB :
67D 8 169 8 7=7 :
179 8 66D 8 D7= :
7BD 8 66= 8 =DD :
9A= 8 7B7 :
1A7 8 7=B :
744 8 6=A :
6AD 8 7=B :
476 8 1B4 :
1=7 8 71A 8 6DB :
6DB 8 176 8 D=D :
B=4 8 D9A 8 167 :
9A= 8 1B4 :
DB= 8 649 :
76D 8 7=4 :
7BA 8 D4= :
6A7 8 769 8 677 :
76D 8 6A1 8 7A4 :
B4= 8 7DB 8 B7 :
=C Passo/ dificuldades variadas.
64D7 8 7=61 :
A476 8 6B67 :
64=A 8 7BA9 :
7A67 8 DB79 :
DB=A 8 749B :
DBDA 8 6=A= :
D967 8 74D6 :
9A4B 8 6=A= :
7=4B 8 9444 :
A4=A 8 7=B4 8 64AB :
64D9 8 AD=A 8 7BB4 :
14DA 8 6=4B 8 94=A :
B4A7 8 6=BA 8 D444 :
SUBTRAÇÃO
A subtração pode ser identificada como uma situação de/
 decompor ' separar. 5&. Paulo tinha oito balas' deu trEs para Fos". >om
(uantas balas Paulo ficouG
?esignação matemática/ = H 7 : 9
 comparar . 5&. Paulo tem = balas' Fos" tem 7 balas. 3uantas balas Paulo tem a
mais (ue Fos"G
?esignação matemática/ = H 7 : 9
 completar . 5&. Paulo tem = balas' Fos" tem 7 balas. 3uantas balas faltam para
Fos" ter a mesma (uantidade (ue PauloG
?esignação matemática/ = H 7 : 9
TÉCNICA OPERATORIA
A t"cnica operat#ria de subtração pode ser utili*ada atrav"s de duas abordagens.
1º Abordagem.
a$ (uando o valor de cada algarismo do 1C termo " maior ou igual aos algarismos
do 6C termo.
5&. 1A6 H 71 :
)o material ;orma decomposta .abela valor de lugar
1<< 8 A< 8 6 +
7< 8 1
1<< 8 7< 8 1
131
> ? @
1 A 6
7 1 +
1 3 1
b$ nos demais casos. 5&. BA H 9B :
)o material ;orma decomposta .abela valor de lugar
A< 8 1A
B< 8 A +
9< 8 B
1< 8 4
19
> ? @
A 1A
B A
9 B +
1 9
2º Abordagem:
obs.5sta maneira de efetuar a t"cnica operat#ria está apoiada no seguinte fato/
se
a – b = c
então
(a !" – (b !" = c
5&. 4 H 6 : B
!4 87$ H ! 6 8 7 $ : B
a$ (uando o valor de cada algarismo do 1C termo " maior ou igual ao dos
algarismos do 6C termo.
5&. 19A+7A :
)o material ;orma decomposta .abela valor de
lugar
1<< 8 9< 8 A +
7< 8 A
1<< 8 6< 8 <
12#
> ? @
1 9 A
7 A +
1 2 #
b$ )os demais casos/
5&./ 97+6B
)o material ;orma decomposta .abela valor de
lugar
9< 8 17 +
7< 8 B
6< 8 B
6< 8 A
2$
> ? @
9 7
6 B +
2 $
PAII%I ?A I@J.KALM%
!I51 K5>@KI%$
DD+66:
7B+67:
AD+76:
74+77:
=9+71:
B6+61:
4=+77:
44+DB:
DB+67:
76+16:
A=+7=:
6B+6B:
A9+69:
74+14:
69+1<:
=<+9<:
B7+6<:
=D+7<:
B9+6<:
=4+7<:
49+6<:
=19+9<<:
6=4+1D7:
7=9+6D7:
7=9+6D7:
94A+6B1:
=DA+161:
6C PAII%
I51 K5>@KI%
6A+9:
D=+B:
49+7:
7=+A:
6B+B:
B9+7:
4B+7:
D=+6:
7B+1:
D9+7:
DB+B:
==+=:
D94+7B:
=B4+D7:
BA=+97:
AD7+67:
117+A6:
11=+46:
1B=+46:
1AD+B1:
174+=D:
164+46:
17<<+9<<:
1D<<+A<<:
1=<<+B<<:
1A<<+B<<:
1D9<<+A7<<:
196<<+41<<:
16A<<+BD<<:
1B4<<+=B<<:
7C PAII%
>%1 K5>@KI% )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI
=D+7B:
=B+D=:
91+1B:
4B+9=:
B=+D4:
B7+D9:
A9+64:
BA+6=:
=A+AB:
4D+7=:
B6+DB:
D9+6A:
AA+74:
D9+A:
7D+4:
67+D:
7A+4:
9D+B:
96D+11A:
7=A+17B:
B69+D1B:
AD9+714:
D=9+7DB:
4D1+96=:
=D6+D64:
BAD+66=:
A=7+6DB:
4B1+7D4:
A49+7D=:
=7A+D14:
9=7+1D4:
AAD+1D4:
49B+D64:
176+AB:
1D9+=4:
167+9A:
11B+D4:
1A7+B=:
19D+BA:
6A7+16A:
DC PAII%
>%1 K5>@KI% )A %K?51 ?AI >5).5)AI
D64+6=7: 4D6+D41: =7D+D=D:
9=+6BD:
B19+646:
=AA+7B1:
BDB+1=1:
D69+147:
914+696:
9=D+147:
B6=+7B9:
7B9+1=1:
ADB+7B7:
A7B+646:
47A+697:
=77+7A1:
D6=+1=6:
=B9+741:
74B+9D1:
4A4+7=A:
=1B+9=9:
=9A+6=D:
46=+791:
=6A+D76:
B7=+6B7:
BDB+646:
49B+14A:
7D4+A9:
6DB+A6:
76B+D9:
D94+=B:
67=+A6:
9C PAII%
>%1 K5>@KI% )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI 5 >5).5)AI
9D7+14=:
B69+7A4:
BB1+1B6:
B1D+6BA:
=1B+DA=:
9BD+64B:
=7A+77B:
479+7=B:
=6A+9==:
A6=+664:
=7D+DD=:
B77+7=D:
4B7+6=B:
A=6+64=:
B1D+DD4:
AD7+6A4:
=11+D=4:
A67+1D9:
=D6+D=4:
A66+7BB:
BDA+6=B:
46A+7BB:
B71+7=9:
4DB+794:
91D+694:
4DD+D==:
B66+6DB:
AA1+D=D:
AC PAII%
>%1 K5>@KI% )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI 5 >5).5)AI APK5I5).A)?% A
?I;I>@O?A?5 ?% N5K% )% 1I)@5)?% ! )AI @)I?A?5I' )AI ?5N5)AI 5 A1JAI$.
67<+1=B:
97<+6B6:
A=<+D=7:
DB<+149:
AD<+74=:
B6<+79D:
=1<+DBA:
B9<+D91:
=A<+744:
7<9+1D4:
D<A+61=:
9<=+664:
A<B+79B:
B<D+69=:
=<7+7AD:
4<6+9B9:
=<D+D=A:
B<7+79B:
7<<+169:
D<<+67A:
9<<+6DB:
A<<+79=:
B<<+7A4:
=<<+D96:
4<<+761:
9<<+B4:
A<<+77:
B<<+D9:
=<<+97:
4<<+=1:
B<<+A6:
BCPAII%
>%1 K5>@KI% 5 PAK5I5).A)?% A ?I;I>@O?A?5 ?% N5K% )% I@J.KA5)?%.
A6=+64<:
=69+6=<:
AD=+79<:
4BA+9=<:
BA4+64<:
A64+74<:
491+7<=:
446+7<9:
DDD+6<=:
9=A+6<B:
1B6D+4=<:
1B6D+4=<:
79=4+14<<:
9146+1A<B:
74=B+1<4<:
DB6D+6BA<:
1=B9+4<4:
D7B4+6<<<:
DD=1+1A<4:
D97D+6<<B:
DA9B+1=<<:
DB6B+1<<4:
9AA7+6<B=:
96=D+6A4<:
ADDD+64B4:
AABD+7B<<:
B9A6+D6<B:
B7D9+D<64:

=C PAII%
>%1 K5>@KI% 5 APK5I5).A)?% A ?I;I>@O?A?5 ?% N5K% )% I@J.KA5)?% 5
)% 1I)@5)?%.
A<<+D<=:
B6<+7=<:
=<6+7<A:
97<+7<B:
AD<+6<A:
BD<+6<4:
B<=+D9<:
=9<+DB<:
4<D+7<=:
AA<+6<4:
46<+9<D:
1<DB+9<=:
1D<1+BA<:
67<D+4<4:
7B<A+14=<:
D9<<+1=<D:
9D=<+6<DB:
AA6<+7<D9:
7D=<+14<=:
46<A+7<D=:
97<7+6D<B:
BD1<+7<DB:
91<B+71D<:
==7<+A4<A:
BA9<+7<46:
A96<+7<<=:
D=D<+6<=6:
44=<+D<<4:
1@O.IPOI>ALM%
P identificada como a adição de parcelas iguais. Pode ser trabalhada atrav"s de situações
onde se tenha (ue juntar coleções com a mesma (uantidade de elementos.
5&./ >om lápis' botões' palitos' sementes' etc.
?esignação matemática/ 7878787: ou D&7 :
>om material >uisenaire ou com papel (uadriculado H ,murinhos-
?esignação matemática/ D&7:
TÉCNICA OPERATORIA
a$ 1C fator escrito com um algarismo e o 6C fator escrito com dois algarismo.
5&. sem reagrupamento/ D&16:
;orma decomposta .abela valor de
lugar
1<8 6
& D
D< 8 =
%8
> ? @
1 6
& D
% 8
5&./ com reagrupamento na de*ena/
D&1A:
;orma decomposta .abela valor de
lugar
1<8 A
& D
D<86D
D<86<8D
$%
> ? @
1 A
& D
$ %
Q
5&./ com reagrupamento na centena/
D&76:
;orma decomposta .abela valor de
lugar
7<86
& D
16<8=
1<<86<8=
128
> ? @
7 6
& D
1 2 8
5&./ com reagrupamento na de*ena e centena/
D&D7:
;orma decomposta .abela valor de
lugar
D<8 7
& D
1A<816
1<<8A<81<86
> ? @
D 7
& D
1 7 2
1B<86
172
PAII%I ?A 1@O.IPOI>ALM%
1C PAII%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% ;%K1A?A P%K )@15KAO ?5 ?%II AORAKII1%I 5
1@O.IPOI>A?%K ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 @1 IS AORAKII1% !I51
K5ARK@PA15).%$
6T1D:
7T1=:
6T6D:
6T7D:
6TD6:
7T76:
6T6<:
7T1<:
7T16:
6T71:
7T71:
6T61:
7T66:
9T11:
7T6<:
9T1<:
6T11:
6T17:
6T11:
6T17:
DT11:
6T77:
DT66:
BT11:
BT1<:
=T11:
7T61:
6TD1:
AT11:
7T76:
7T67:
6TD<:
4T1<:
6C PAII%
1@O.IPOI>A?%K ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 ?%II AORAKII1%I 5
1@O.IPOI>A?%K ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 @1 IS AORAKII1%' >%1 .%.AO
1AI%K 3@5 4 )% I5R@)?% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO !I51 K5ARK@PA15).%$.
7 T97:
6TA6:
7TD7:
4TD1:
7TD<:
7TA7:
DTA6:
7TB7:
7T=7:
9T6<:
DT=1:
7T46:
6T4D:
7TD6:
AT7<:
DT91:
7T47:
DT=6:
9TA1:
7TB<:
7C PAII%
1@O.IPOI>A)?% ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 .KUI AORAKII1%I I51
K5ARK@PA15).%.
6T161:
6T1DD:
6T7D6:
7T776:
6T6<<:
9T1<1:
6TD<7:
DTB61:
7T716:
DT111:
DT6<6:
7T7<<:
DT76<:
DT1<6:
7T7<7:
6T6D1:
DT6<1:
6TD<<:
7T1<7:
6T9<1:
6T46D:
DTBD<:
7T6<7:
6T6<D:
7T6<<:
7T6<6:
BT911:
7TA6<: 7TA1<:
DC PAII%
1@O.IPOI>A)?% ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 ?%II AORAKII1%I >%1
K5ARK@PA15).% )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI.
6T1B:
7T6=:
6TDA:
6T6=:
6T6A:
DT1A:
9T16:
7T64:
DT6D:
7T1B:
6T74:
DT67:
9T17:
9C PAII%
1@O.IPOI>A)?% ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 ?%II AORAKII1%I >%1
K5ARK@PA15).% )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI 5 % I5R@)?% PK%?@.% 1AI%K
3@5 4.
DT7=:
ATAB:
DTB7:
9TD6:
9TB6:
6T==:
DT4A:
9T=A:
ATAD:
DT7=:
=TD6:
DT9B:
9TA4:
BT4D:
AT=4:
ATB7:
4T=4:
AT4B:
=T96:
4T=6:
AC PAII%
1@O.IPI>A)?% ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 .KUI AORAKII1%I' >%1
K5ARK@PA15).% )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI.
6T1DA:
6T7D=:
7T7D9:
7T76D:
DT16D:
9T17=:
AT119:
AT11A:
9TD1B:
AT71D:
BT61D:
DTD<9:
6TD1B:
6TD69:
7T764:
DT667:
DT114:
DT71A:
DT6<A:
6TD<4:
=T7<6:
9T619:
ATD1A:
BT617:
DT6<B:
6T614:
6T76B:
7T16B:
7T66A:
DT619:
9T11D:
7T7<B:
6T6<B:
AT616:
=T917:
=T616:
BC PAII%
1@O.IPOI>A)?% ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 .KUI AORAKII1%I. >%1
K5ARK@PA15).% )A %K?51 ?AI >5).5)AI
6T196:
6T747:
6T946:
7T6D7:
DT146:
DT676:
9T671:
AT1A1:
BT671:
DT1A<:
6T6AD:
6T7BD:
7T196:
7T9A6:
7T741:
DT6D6:
9T1B1:
AT671:
=T171:
9T14<:
9T19<:
6TDB7:
6TD=6:
7T6B1:
7T6D1:
6T74<:
DT196:
DT6D1:
9T1A1:
AT6=6:
4T6=1:
=C PAII%
1@O.IPOI>A)?% ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 .KUI AORAKII1%I >%1
K5ARK@PA15).% )AI %K?5)I ?AI ?5N5)AI5 ?AI >5).5)AI.
6T6=9:
7T1BD:
DT67D:
6TD9A:
7T6B9:
DT147:
9T1=4:
AT1D7:
BT1D6:
7T69D:
6T7A=:
7T6=A:
DT19A:
6T7A4:
7T7DB:
DT6DA:
DT1AB:
AT19A:
BT177:
DT7D7:
6T1B=:
7T194:
DT1=D:
6TD=B:
7TDAD:
DT6B=:
9T697:
ATD67:
BT677:
9T67B:
4C PAII%
1@O.IPOI>A)?% ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 3@A.K% AORAKII1%I.
7T61<A:
DT7A6<:
DT61<=:
6T9A=<:
9T11<4:
9TA74<:
6T76<4:
ATD1=<:
1<C PAII%
>%1 1@.IPOI>A?%K ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 ?%II AORAKII1%I.
1C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>A?%K ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 ?%II AORAKII1%' >%1 N5K% )A
%K?51 ?AI @)I?A?5I.
1<TB6:
1<TDB:
7<T76:
6<T96:
D<T91:
1<T=9:
1<T9B:
D<T61:
7<TA7:
6<TA6:
1<T4D:
1<TB1:
7<T66:
6<TB6:
6<T=D:
1<TA=:
6<T71:
7<T76:
7<T=7:
7<TB1:
6C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>A?%K ;%K1A?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 ?%II AORAKII1%I' I51
K5ARK@PA15).%
11TD=:
11TDA:
17T76:
66TDD:
61TD7:
11TD1:
11T9=:
11T6D:
66T1D:
67T77:
16T67:
6DTB6:
76T67:
11TB6:
11TB4:
17T66:
66TD1:
11TD6:
61TD6:
11T=A:
16TD6:
16TD7:
7C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>A?%K >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI )%
PKI15IK% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO
16T7=:
19T1A:
17TDA:
1=T9D:
1ATB=:
1BT1A:
1DT97:
6DT17:
1DT1=:
1AT7=:
19TA7:
17T9B:
1AT69:
19TAD:
1DT14:
14T16:
1=T6=:
1=T=A:
19T7A:
1DT7A:
1DT67:
1DT6D:
16T94:
1AT4D:
1=T6D:
17T79:
17T7D:
DC >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% )A %K?51 ?AI >5).5)AI )%
PKI15IK% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO
6DT176
19T191:
1BT671:
17T647:
67T1D6:
17T1A6:
17T7D1:
6DT171:
9C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALV5I >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% )AI %K?5)I ?AI ?5N5)AI 5
>5).5)AI' )% PKI15IK% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO.
19T6DB:
1BT796:
6AT6D7:
19T=D6:
6=T77D:
1DTBD7:
67TD76:
17TADB:
AC PAII%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% I51 K5ARK@PA15).% )% PKI15IK% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO 5
K5RK@PA15).% )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI )% I5R@)?% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO .
61T69:
61T7=:
D1T67:
=1T6=:
91TAD:
61T7B:
D6T17:
91T1A:
61T94:
A1T4D:
D1T97:
91TAD:
D1T14:
D1T1=:
=1T9D:
91TA7:
41T16:
D1T6D:
71TDA:
A1T7=:
A1T69:
D1T7A:
71T79:
=1T6D:
91T7A:
BC >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% )% PKI15IK% 5 I5R@)?% PK%?@.%I
PAK>IAII )A %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI
6=T79: 99T=D: 7AT9D:
ADT49:
D9T1A:
7DTAB:
79TA=:
A=TD7:
7BTB=:
B7TBA:
9DT49:
AATAA:
=4T47:
99T=D:
DAT4A:
99T99:
4=T44:
AAT=7:
9DT4B:
DDTDD:
=C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% )AI %K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI 5
>5).5)AI )% PKI15IK% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO 5 K5ARK@PA15).% )AI
%K?5)I ?AI ?5N5)AI 5 )% I5R@)?% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO
7BT76=:
6AT61B:
6=TD6A:
7AT71=:
6AT7D4:
79T66=:
74T66D:
A4T61D:
4C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% >%1 K5AR@PA15).% 51 K%?5)I ?IW5KIAI )% PKI15IK%
PK%?@.% PAK>IAO 5 K5ARK@PA15).% )AI %K?5)I ?AI ?5N5)AI 5
>5).5)AI )% I5R@)?% PK%?@.% PAK>IAO
74T69A:
96TB=<:
79TA7<:
6BT74A:
6=TD4B:
9BT9A<:
D4TD7<:
D4T647:
1<C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% 51 %K?5)I ?IW5KIAI 5 N5K% )A
%K?51 ?AI ?5N5)AI )% 1@O.IPOI>A)?%
19T D<9:
17TD<4:
7AT14<D:
66T7<9:
1DT7<=:
D=T6D<67:
1=T7<6:
17TD<A:
9BT7B<6:
74TD6<=:
6BT1<7:
1BT=<4:
11C >AI%
1@O.IPOIALM% >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% 51 %K?51 ?IW5KIAI 5 N5K% )A
%K?51 ?AI >5).5)AI )% 1@O.IPOI>A)?%.
D7T6<=A:
D9T7<4D:
9DTD<B4:
A4TA<6=:
16C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% >%1 5KARK@PA15).% )A %K?51 ?AI >5).5)AI 5 ?AI
@)I?A?5I ?5 1IOXAK 5 ?%II N5K%I )% ;I)AO ?% 1@O.IPOI>A)?%
64T=A<<: 7AT4D<<: 7=T=6<<: 9ATB7<<:
17C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% 51 %K?5)I ?IW5KIAI 5 N5K%
I).5K>AOA?% )AI %K?5)I ?AI ?5N5)AI 5 ?AI >5).5)AI )%
1@O.IPOI>A)?%
9AT6<<B: D9T7<<4: A=T6<<D: BDTA<<9:
1DC >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% >%1 K5ARK@PA15).% 51 .%?AI AI %K?5)I )%I ?%II
PK%?@.%I PAK>IAII
7=T77DA: =7TDB7A: 64T64DB: D4T9=AB:
19C >AI%
1@O.IPOI>ALM% ;%K1A)?% P%K )@15KAO ?5 .KUI AORAKII1%I
1<DT119:
616TD79:
1D<T669:
1<6TA<D:
6<1T7<6:
OPERAÇÃO DIVISÃO
Pode ser identificado como/
a$ formação de grupos de mesma (uantidade.
5&. .enho 16 selos. Pretendo colocar trEs selos em cada página do meu álbum. 5m
(uantas páginas do meu álbum colocarei selosG
?esignação 1atemática/
Ielos Ielos Páginas
16 : 7 : D
b$ distribuição dos elementos por um determinado número de grupos.
5&./ .enho 16 selos. Wou distribu+los' igualmente entre 7 páginas. 3uantos selos
colocarei em cada páginaG
1C Página 6C Página 7C Página
?esignação 1atemática/
Ielos Páginas Ielos
16 : 7 : D
TÉCNICA OPERATORIA
a$ Processo americano/ atrav"s dessa t"cnica associa+se a divisão a subtrações
sucessivas do dividendo. % aluno pode ir formando vários agrupamentos !(uocientes
parciais$ at" obter' no resto' !<$ nC *ero ou um nC inferior ao divisor. )o final' ele
verifica o (uociente total pela soma dos agrupamentos encontrados.
5&./ 64/7:
64
+ 4 7
6< 9
+19 1
9 4
+ 7
6
b$ Processo Oongo/ a fim de facilitar a compreensão desta t"cnica' " importante reali*ar
a estimativa do número de ordens do (uociente antes e efetuar as divisões.
5&./ 1A6/16:
1A6
d u (uociente
com duas ordens
1A6
+16 17
<D6
+ 7A
<A
c$ Processo Jreve/ a utili*ação deste processo' implica em (ue os alunos efetuem a
t"cnica operat#ria da subtração com apoio na 6Y abordagem apresentação neste
m#dulo.
5&./ 94=A/B6:
94=A
66A =7
<1<
Passos da ?ivisão
?ivisor formado por 1 algarismo
1C Passo/ divisão e&ata com numeral formado por dois algarismos no dividendo
6A/6:
D=/6:
=D/6:
4A/7:
D6/6:
4</7:
BB/B:
6D/6:
99/9:
77/7:
==/6:
DA/6:
47/6:
6=/6:
74/7:
==/D:
AD/6:
==/6:
AA/6:
A7/7:
A4/7:
D=/D:
=</6:
AA/A:
==/=:
6C Passo/ divisão não e&ata com resto na segunda divisão parcial.
7=/7:
B4/B:
67/6:
7=/7:
DB/D:
64/6:
A=/7:
AB/A:
9=/9:
=4/9:
=A/D:
B4/B:
A=/A:
DA/D:
D7/6:
=4/=:
7C Passo/ divisão e&ata com numeral formado por trEs algarismos no dividendo
7A4/7:
A6D/6:
==D/D:
6AD/6:
6=A/6:
DA=/6:
999/9:
4A4/7:
77A/7:
477/7:
=AD/6:
4AA/7:
DC Passo/ divisão não e&ata com numeral formado por trEs algarismos no dividendo e
resto na terceira divisão parcial
=D4/6:
7AB/7:
D=9/6:
=D9/D:
A4=/7:
BB=/B:
994/9:
4A=/7:
9C Passo/ divisão e&ata com resto na primeira divisão parcial
BA/6: D=/7: 9A/D: B6/6:
D6/7:
=D/A:
7A/6:
96/6:
7</6:
7D/6:
AD/D:
9</6:
B6/6:
D=/7:
A9/9:
=6/7:
9D/7:
=9/9:
B</6:
4D/D:
7A/6:
4A/6:
B6/7:
A</9:
AC Passo/ divisão não e&ata com resto nas duas divisões parciais/
41/6:
97/6:
D</7:
=4/7:
B1/6:
B=/9:
44/D:
4D/D:
B9/A:
=9/7:
7B/6:
B6/9:
BC Passo/ divisão e&ata com numeral formado por trEs algarismos no dividendo'
considerando dois algarismos na primeira divisão parcial
1<=/6:
1D6/6:
194/7:
16A/7:
617/7:
1A=/D:
6D=/D:
D<9/9:
D99/9:
461B/B:
7A4/4:
1<=/6:
7<A/A:
16=/6:
1A6/6:
61A/7:
197/7:
6D4/7:
16D/D:
6=D/D:
699/9:
1=A/A:
79B/B:
76=/=:
D<=/=:
1=A/6:
1<D/6:
19A/7:
1=4/7:
6BA/7:
6<=/D:
7AD/D:
799/9:
6DA/A:
D<=/=:
6B4/4:
6<=/D:
7<9/9:
D<9/9:
=C Passo/ divisão e&ata com numeral formado por trEs algarismos no dividendo e resto
na primeira divisão parcial
19D/6:
14=/7:
66D/D:
6A9/9:
6BA/A:
67=/B:
77A/=:
64B/4:
D9A/A:
7<=/D:
D<6/A:
1B6/6:
669/7:
6B6/D:
769/9:
716/A:
64D/B:
9BA/=:
DA=/4:
911/B:
AAA/4:
6<7/B:
9<D/=:
14A/6:
696/7:
7<=/D:
DD9/9:
6<D/A:
7=D/A:
7B1/B:
A<=/=:
74A/4:
A9A/=:
7D7/B:
1<=/7:
4C Passo divisão não e&ata com resto nas duas divisões parciais
19B/6:
664/7:
61=/D:
7D7/9:
9<B/B:
AA9/=:
7DA/A:
119/A:
69A/7:
711/D:
D1=/A:
D14/=:
71B/4:
91D/A:
144/6:
1B4/6:
6AA/9:
74B/B:
917/=:
D6B/4:
96A/4:
Atividades de matemática
Arme e 5fetue/
1C Rrupo
1D/6:
61/D:
6D/7:
D=/A:
1A/6:
6B/7:
D6/A:
9D/4:
61/7:
69/9:
D9/9:
7</9:
1=/A:
7A/D:
D</=:
=1/4:
19/7:
76/=:
A7/B:
B6/=:
6C Rrupo

14/7:
67/9:
67/D:
67/7:
D9/A:
AA/=:
D7/4:
7B/A:
64/9:
==/4:
19/A:
69/A:
7B/D:
94/B:
14/D:
7B/B:
1B/7:
14/B:
1B/6:
D=/4:
7C Rrupo
6A/6:
44/7:
6=/6:
A=/A:
D=/6:
47/7:
A4/7:
B4/B:
6D/6:
A7/7:
7=/7:
64/6:
DA/6:
=D/6:
DB/D:
=4/=:
AA/6:
=D/D:
9=/9:
DA/D:
DC Rrupo
BA/6:
41/6:
B=/6:
4B/6:
7A/6:
=4/7:
9A/D:
A7/9:
B6/6:
44/D:
7A/6:
=4/7:
=9/9:
=9/7:
B6/A:
A=/D:
D=/7:
97/6:
99/6:
49/9:
9C Rrupo
7A4/7:
D=9/6:
A7A/7:
4AA/7:
DA=/6:
A4=/7:
44A/7:
AA=/A:
47A/7:
994/9:
=DA/6:
=DB/6:
AD=/6:
=D6/6:
D=A/6:
749/7:
=D4/6:
6AD/6:
4A=/6:
47D/7:
AC Rrupo
1DB/B:
176/D:
194/7:
14=/6:
1A=/D:
1=D/6:
61A/7:
7B=/A:
6=D/D:
69A/D:
1=4/4:
79=/4:
16A/7:
16=/6:
1=A/A:
D=A/9:
19A/6:
1DB/D:
196/6:
61=/D:
?ivisão por dois algarismos
1C >aso
3uando o dividendo e o divisor terminam em *eros. ;acilita+se a operação' cortando+se igual
numero de casas no dividendo e no divisor.
A4</7<:
4<</6<:
1=D</D<:
=9</6<:
176</7<:
4A</=<:
11D</A<:
A7</B<:
6B4</4<:
=9</9<:
B=</7<:
7A</D<:
6C >aso
3uando o divisor tiver o algarismo das unidades menor (ue o das de*enas0 !(uociente com
um s# algarismo$.
a$ sem levar/
AD/76:
=D/61:
164/D7:
1=4/A7:
194/97:
199/71:
6<=/96:
76=/=6:
799/B1:
4A/76:
699/91:
76=/=6:
1A=/D6:
76D/=1:
16A/61:
6D=/A6:
7A4/D1:
16=/76:
799/B1:
6==/B6:
7A=/46:
6=D/B1:
1D=/BD:
6B4/47:
1<=/9D:
6DA/=6:
164/D7:
9D4/A1:
614/B7:
A7B/41:
6D4/=7:
7AD/41:
79B/91:
16=/AD:
B64/=1:
b$ levando/
619/D7:
6A</96:
D19/=7:
D79/=B:
6==/76:
AD=/B6:
ADD/46:
A=</=9:
9=6/4B:
B=D/4=:
9<D/A7:
AD=/9D:
911/B7:
66=/BA:
76D/9D:
969/B9:
DB</4D:
D46/=6:
946/BD:
=AD/4A:
D6D/97:
769/A9:
14</49:
99=/47:
D4A/A6:
7B=/D6:
91=/BD:
A<6/=A:
AA9/49:
AB6/=D:
7C >aso
3uando o divisor tiver o algarismo das unidades maior (ue o das de*enas0 !(uociente
com um s# algarismo$.
17A/1B: 6<B/67: 666/7B: 669/D9: D17/94:
4A/1A:
1<=/16:
64D/D4:
14A/6=:
749/B4:
D17/94:
DAD/9=:
7D9/A4:
79A/=4:
D67/DB:
1=4/6B:
6A=/AB:
6B6/7D:
D9A/9B:
A16/A=:
7=D/D=:
D<=/A=:
7D6/9B:
A61/A4:
669/69:
676/64:
97D/=4:
716/B=:
D<9/D9:
9<D/9A:
DC >aso
3uando o divisor tiver o algarismo das unidades menor (ue o das de*enas e houver resto
para combinar com outra casa' formando novo dividendo0 !(uociente com dois ou mais
algarismos$.
Iem recurso e com recurso
=7B/71:
6<DA/47:
==6/61:
AD=/9D:
1D==/A6:
1A9A/B6:
19A</A9:
69D6/A6:
4AA/D6:
6AAD/BD:
=76/96:
994/D7:
17D6/A1:
17BA/D7:
779=/B7:
6149/49:
61=D/96:
1D71/97:
A9A/D1:
AB6/61:
91=D/=1:
67<D/B6:
A16</=9:
174D/=6:
1<69/D1:
6=9A/=D:
=AD/B6:
=A=/A6:
16D=/96:
1<DD/=B:
6A<D/47:
16<D/=A:
14A=/=6:
4179/A7:
7B6/71:
4<7/61:
11AA/97:
D916/4A:
1D6=/D6:
696</B6:
9C >aso
3uando o divisor tiver o algarismo das unidades maior (ue o das de*enas havendo'
por"m' resto (ue' combinado com outra casa' forme novo divisor. !6 ou mais algarismos
no (uociente$.
DD6/17:
679A/7=:
1B69/A4:
A9D9/1B:
A6<A/64:
996/16:
1=4</6B:
4AA/67:
DD=/1D:
A4A/6D:
D64/17:
D1D/1=:
6<=/1A:
19<=/9=:
B71/1B:
74</19:
=1B/14:
1DA6/7D:
1<46/16:
17DD/9A:
1D9A/6A:
1AA9/7B:
64<9/79:
1B<1/6B:
177D/64:
61BA/A=:
619</69:
6<A9/94:
1<64/D4:
D1=9/D9:
16A</19:
1BD=/DA:
11B9/DB:
1<DD/7A:
1<97/74:
AC >aso
?ivisão ine&ata !com resto$
a$ (uociente com um algarismo/
D=/19: =9/6A: BA/7B: 44/61: 7D4/AB:
b$ (uociente com dois ou mais algarismos/
414/B9:
=4D/7B:
BB=/D=:
1DB6/AA:
4D97/91:
%bs/ A divisão' (uando s# o divisor terminar em *ero' " sempre ine&ata.
%utros e&erccios o AC caso/
B7</71:
46=/6<:
D6B/19:
BA</1A:
D<</66:
=96/7D:
4A=/99:
D6B/1D:
B64/1A:
AB</69:
179=/6A:
19A=/9=:
16D9/7<:
76B4/A7:
199</1A:
74<=/47:
1BB4/7A:
9D64/AB:
61=9/99:
1B7=/6D:
11B=/6D:
67B9/9A:
6796/4<:
D<76/AD:
7774/96:
1A=A/9=:
1D9B/6=:
74<D/B9:
7777/DA:
ADB1/B9:
BC >aso
>om *ero no (uociente !no final ou intercalado$.
61<7/79:
1A==/61:
DD4D/D6:
4=1A/6D:
1<797/91:
1A==/6D:
6BDA/7D:
6411/76:
AA49/A9:
D4A=/6D:
A7=A/71:
7<D9/19:
AD4A/1A:
BA66/7B:
B7<=/1=:
9D94/97:
B<7=/67:
=D6=/6=:
BD1A/6D:
9<DB/D4:
DA6</DD:
4B6=/76:
==19/D7:
BA69/69:
A<<7/64:
11946/67:
61<79/79:
67A1=/DB:
19669/69:
1<D6A/17:
6<A7A/AB:
1<A<9/19:
67B79/DB:
1DB6D/7A:
7D6<D/A=:
=C >aso
?ivisão de Keais
KZ 769'<</17:
KZ =A'=</A6:
KZ 4=A'<</64:
KZ =='6</D6:
KZ 9='<</1D:
KZ 74<'A</KZ D'6<:
KZ 1.<6A<'<</KZ 19'<<:
KZ A<<'<</ B9:
KZ 661'=</67:
KZ =96'=</6A:
KZ BD='=</16:
KZ 9DD'<</1A:
KZ =69'<</KZ1'9<:
KZ 1.A9D'<</KZ6B'<<:
KZ A<'=</ KZ B'A<:
KZ B19'<</KZ 99'<<:
KZ AD='<</ KZ 7A'<<:
KZ AB6'<</ KZ 6'=<:
KZ 176'7</KZ 6'1<:
KZ 7.7A<'<</KZ 16'<<:
4C >aso
?ivisão por 1<'1<< e 1.<<<.
Para se dividir um número terminado em um !1$' dois !6$' trEs !7$ ou mais *eros por 1<'
1<<' 1.<<<' etc' corta+se um' dois' trEs ou mais *eros nesse número.
D[[/ 1[ : D<
B[[/ 1[[:B
4.[[[/1.[[[:4
A.<<[/1[:A<<
A.<[[/1[[:A<
96[/1[:96
B.D[[/1[[:BD
71.[[[/1[[[:71
AD.[[[/1[[[:AD
KZ 7.16<'[[/1[[
KZ 4.1<['[[/1.[[[:KZ4'1<
KZ 4B'<[/1[:KZ 4'B<
KZ 1=B'[[/KZ 1[: KZ 1'=B
PAII%I ?A ?IWIIM% P%K 6 AORAKII1%I H PK%>. >@K.%
1C PAII%
B6</6<:
A7</7<:
D=</D<:
69</9<:
AA</A<:
D4</B<:
AD</=:
1=</4<:
1D=</D<:
6DA</A<:
=A</6<:
D9</7<:
6D</D<:
79</9<:
D6</A<:
A7</B<:
B6</=<:
6B</4<:
1A9</7<:
799</9<:
6C PAII%
77/11:
DD/11:
99/11:
AA/11:
BB/11:
44/11:
66/11:
==/11:
7C PAII%
6A/17:
74/17:
=D/61:
4A/76:
=6/D1:
7A/16:
44/77:
6D/16:
A7/61:
==/66:
DA/67:
DD/66:
A6/71:
47/71:
AD/76:
AA/77:
A4/67:
A=/7D:
6=/1D:
D6/61:
AA/66:
D=/6D:
DC PAII% >%1 K5I.%
=A/61:
4B/76:
=7/D1:
7=/16:
69/16:
AD/61:
=4/66:
DB/67:
D4/6D:
=9/D6:
DA/66:
AD/71:
49/71:
AA/76:
A=/77:
A4/7D:
64/1D:
D7/61:
A=/66:
=4/D7:
9C PAII%
199/71:
16=/76:
167/D1:
16A/D6:
6<=/96:
6DA/D1:
7AA/A1:
1A=/D6:
699/91:
7<A/91:
AC PAII% >%1 K5I.%
19=/71:
164/76:
6DB/D1:
19B/96:
16D/A1:
1=B/47:
9DB/41:
7A4/46:
1A4/=D:
69=/91:
BC PAII%
174/D7:
14A/71:
64B/D1:
177/D1:
1A9/71:
17=/76:
69=/71:
=C PAII%
D46/16:
644/17:
D=7/61:
AB6/76:
DA6/D6:
7=D/16:
4D7/D1:
696/61:
6=A/66:
A91/71:
6==/16:
644/67:
4C PAII%
D47/16:
D=9/61:
DA7/D6:
D=D/67:
6DD/11:
ABD/76:
4D9/D1:
7=A/76:
A97/61:
6=B/17:
6=B/66:
1<C PAII%
1A4D/1D:
7BDD/16:
69DD/16:
64A=/1D:
6976/16:
D4DD/16:
B==1/B1:
1DAD/16:
19B6/16:
ADAA/97:
D4A1/D1:
D946/D1:
ABB1/A1:
11C PAII%
D4DA/16:
1A4A/1D:
7BD9/16:
69DA/16:
64A4/1D:
6979/16:
B==9/B1:
16C PAII%
D<9/6<:
4<D/7<:
9<A/9<:
7<A/7<:
B<B/B<:
=<=/=<:
4<4/4<:
9<4/9<:
A<A/A<:
17C PAII% K5ARK@PA15).%
B6/6D:
46/67:
4A/6D:
B</79:
9</69:
B9/69:
B=/6A:
9D/6B:
9A/6=:
D9/19:
1DC PAII% K5ARK@PA15).% >%1 K5I.%
BD/6D:
47/67:
4B/6D:
BA/69:
BD/79:
99/69:
B4/6A:
99/6B:
19C PAII% I51 K5I.%
616/97:
61A/AD:
7A9/B7:
7DD/=A:
B7A/46:
6A9/97:
6<D/A=:
6B6/A=:
6B9/99:
64</9=:
7B</BD:
=7B/47:
6BA/A4:
1AC PAII% >%1 K5I.%
617/97:
7AB/B7:
B74/46:
=74/47:
6B=/A4:
7B4/B9:
79=/=4:
1BC PAII%
D=</7<:
AB6/D6:
99</66:
94=/6A:
44</66:
9B6/66:
94D/66:
149/17:
146/16:
1=</16:
1=C PAII% >%1 K5I.%
D=</76:
AB7/D6:
99B/66:
944/6A:
447/66:
9B7/66:
94A/66:
14=/17:
149/16:
14C PAII%
AB6</D6:
99<</66:
94=</6A:
44<</66:
9B6</66:
94D</66:
149</17:
1=<</16:
146</16:
6<C PAII% >%1 K5I.%
D=6/76:
AB7/D6:
99B/66:
944/6A:
447/66:
9B7/66:
94A/66:
14=/17:
149/16:
61C PAII%
77A/1A:
719/1=:
744/14:
79B/1B:
9==/61:
BBB/61:
9<D/61:
9DA/61:
969/61:
9AB/61:
B9A/61:
996/67:
A<</9D:
A6D/6D:
9B9/69:
66C PAII% !% I).5K>AOA?%$
6.D19/A4:
6.=<=/B=:
1.6D=/16:
6.DD=/A=:
6.<B9/69:
1.B6=/D=:
A.<D9/47:
6.D<9/A9:
6.DB</A9:
9.7<D/B=:
6.61D/6B:
6.7<D/7A:
B.B6=/=D:
1.6A</16:
1.9B9/19:
1.64A/1A:
1.7<=/16:
6.A9</69:
7.D9A/76:
6.946/6D:
6.6<9/61:
6.D6D/16:
1.67A/16:
6.B69/69:
D.7DA/D1:
DC PAII%
169/A6:
16B/A7:
6D4/A6:
164/76:
1D9/B6:
6=9/B1:
764/=6:
6<4/=6:
19A/71:
6=9/B1:
1D4/BD:
1A7/=6:
6DB/=6:
1A4/D6:
164/AD:
6<4/96:
769/=1:
1A4/D6:
1A7/=1:
16B/61:
6D4/A6:
7AD/D1:
6BB/46:
A7=/41:
79=/91:
1<4/9D:
6=9/B1:
K5I.%
64A/B1:
174/76:
49/D6:
4B/D7:
117/91:
1B7/=1:
1=D/=D:
17B/61:
694/A6:
64A/B1:
177/A7:
6A=/A6:
1D4/76:
1D7/B6:
69=/B6:
KZ4'A</76:
KZ 6'<D/91:
KZ1'64/D7:
KZ 1'6=/AD:
KZ 1'=4/A4:
KZ 1'D=/BD:
KZ 1'99/71:
KZ B6'4</=1:
9C >AI%
179/D9:
D1D/A4:
11</99:
176/AA:
19D/BB:
1BA/==:
14=/44:
7B</BD:
619/D7:
BA=/6A:
1A6/9D:
61A/9D:
6B</9D:
696/A7:
719/A7:
DD=/AD:
D1</=6:
64D/D6:
D6D/97:
146/AD:
76</AD:
17</AD:
149/A9:
6A</A9:
D19/=7:
ADD/46:
B=D/4=:
6A</96:
D19/=7:
74D/D4:
7B=/9D:
77</99:
6=</99:
6==/9B:
1BD/9=:
7A</B6:
746/B7:
7A9/B7:
666/BD:
64A/BD:
D6</=D:
94D/AA:
A1A/==:
7B=/A7:
A=</=9:
9=6/4B:
6<B/67:
6=9/49:
6==/4A:
7B</BD:
971/94:
A9A/=6:
D69/=7:
9<D/=D:
949/=D:
97D/=4:
DBA/A=:
A==/=A:
7<=/DD:
146/D=:
A76/B4:
719/A7:
6A</A9:
7B=/D6:
6BA/DA:
AD=/B6:
A<=/BA:
69A/76:
96</A9:
B=7/=B:
7DD/D7:
679/DB:
9=D/B7:
D<7/BB:
71</A6:
AAA/BD:
67D/B=:
97A/AD:
AC >AI% AORAKII1%I ?A ?5N5)A P 15)%K 3@5 % ?A @)I?A?5$
1<</69:
B9/69:
169/69:
19</69:
9A/6=:
16=/6=:
1D</6=:
1A=/6=:
14A/6=:
6DD/6=:
696/6=:
4A/1A:
1<=/16:
1B9/69:
6<</69:
669/69:
69</69:
716/B=:
96/17:
16=/1A:
67=/7D:
A<7/DB:
ADD/9=:
1DD/7A:
61A/6B:
77D/=4:
D76/D=:
A9/17:
697/1B:
11A/9=:
D67/DB:
674/64:
94</B=:
=D/1D:
9D/64:
=1/6B:
1<=/6B:
179/6B:
1A6/6B:
1=4/6B:
14A/6=:
17A/1B:
6A=/AB:
6B6/7D:
716/B=:
D9A/9B:
7=D/D=:
D<=/A=:
9<D/9A:
97A/AB:
749/B4:
1<C PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A >%1 N5K% )% ;I)AO ?% ?IWI?5)?%.
19</6:
1D</9:
1B</9:
11</6:
1=</D:
1B</6:
11C PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A %1 N5K% )% ;I)AO ?% ?IWI?5)?% 5 ?% 3@%>I5).5
D</6:
19</9:
1=</A:
1=</6:
==</=:
AD</6:
DA</6:
9D</6:
9=</6:
A</6:
1D</6:
6D</7:
D6</A:
D=</D:
46</D:
4</7:
19</7:
B9</9:
A4</7:
B9</7:
==</D:
=1</7:
16</7:
7<</9:
A6</6:
BA</D:
16C PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A >%1 N5K% I).5K>AOA?% )% 3@%>I5).5
A6B/7:
96</9:
=16/D:
D<=/D:
D6=/D:
D1A/D:
=1A/6:
A<D/6:
A1=/A:
46D/7:
7<4/7:
76D/7:
61=/6:
A6D/7:
=BA/=:
17C PAII%
?IWIIM% >%1 D AORAKII1%I )% ?IWI?5)?%
A617/9:
DAD1/7:
167</7:
A67A/6:
AD6</7:
17D=/6:
69=7/=:
D6B9/9:
1=<=/6:
76D</=:
66D</=:
116B/=:
D479/B:
6B7A/6:
B769/9:
176A/7:
D<67/7:
B947/A:
1AD=/D:
6B4</4:
69<</=:
B67A/4:
1967/7:
=6<D/A:
7B6D/B:
1664/9:
1961/7:
6D6</D:
76D</4:
B6D=/=:
16D=/A:
6<19/9:
D49A/B:
6B=1/4:
761B/=:
A6D9/9:
1AD1/B:
7A16/D:
11B</4:
PAII%I ?A ?IWIIM%
?IWII%K ;%K1A?% P%K ?%II AORAKII1%I
1C PAII%
?IWII%K5I 1<' 6<' 7<' D<' 9<' A<' B<' =< 5 4<.
6</1<:
D</6<:
A</7<:
69</9<:
A7</B<:
D4</B<:
D9</9<:
1=</7<:
7A</6<:
=9</9<:
=B</7<:
7AA</A<:
116</=<:
A<</7<:
4A</D<:
B6</D<:
7</1<:
A</6<:
4</7<:
6D</D<:
B6</=<:
AD</=<:
6<</9<:
D6<</B<:
BA6</A<:
=99</7<:
16</A<:
B9</7<:
D=</7<:
B=</6<:
4=</B<:
4</1<:
=</6<:
=</D<:
79</9<:
1=4</4<:
A6D</=<:
=AD</=<:
6B</4<:
1=</4<:
A4</7<:
4<</6<:
9A</D<:
AD</D<:
41</B<:
B=</7<:
=D</D<:
1=<</9<:
9A<</=<:
6C PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A >%1 1 AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5
66/11:
99/11:
==/11:
AA/66:
44/77:
=D/61:
77/11:
AA/11:
44/11:
==/66:
==/DD:
DD/11:
BB/11:
DD/66:
AA/77:
99/99:
199/71:
699/91:
799/B1:
7AD/41:
1A=/D6:
6==/B6:
164/D7:
1DA/B7:
6B4/47:
1D=/BD:
16A/61:
7A4/D1:
79B/91:
76D/=1:
A7B/41:
6<=/96:
6DA/=6:
194/97:
614/B7:
1<=/9D:
1A=/=D:
1<9/61:
167/D1:
9D4/A1:
B64/=1:
16=/76:
16D/A6:
6BA/46:
1=4/A7:
6D4/=7:
16=/AD:
1==/4D:
7C PAII%
?IWIIM% )M% 5TA.A !K5I.% 15)%K 3@5 1<$ >%1 1 AORAKII1% )%
3@%>I5).5.
=6/6<:
AD/61:
=9/D6:
49/71:
A=/77:
A=/A7:
=A/61:
46/7<:
=4/66:
DA/66:
AA/76:
D7/61:
A4/76:
=7/D1:
=A/D<:
BB/B1:
AD/71:
A9/AD:
=4/D7:
4B/76:
6==/B1:
9D=/41:
16A/A6:
7A4/46:
1=4/47:
16A/D<:
617/7<:
6=4/B6:
D9A/41:
16B/A7:
1=B/47:
9DB/41:
67A/9<:
69A/9<:
6DB/D1:
19B/96:
16D/A1:
16=/A6:
1==/46:
1=4/4D:
67=/D<:
696/D<:
DC PAII%
?IWIIM% )M% 5TA.A !K5I.% 1AI%K 3@5 4$ >%1 1 AORAKII1% )% 3@%>I5).5.
71/61:
D1/71:
B9/A7:
4A/B6:
77/61:
96/D1:
=A/AD:
4=/B9:
DD/61:
AD/D7:
49/A9:
44/=7:
1DD/71:
7B9/B1:
174/D7:
9AA/41:
7A9/B1:
6A4/71:
146/41:
6=4/71:
64B/D1:
749/B1:
14A/96:
17=/76:
7=9/B1:
1B7/91:
147/41:
9C PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A >%1 6 AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5
==6/61:
4D7/D1:
AB6/76:
7B6/71:
AB6/61:
64D/1D:
6D6/11:
697/11:
6=A/66:
696/61:
A=6/71:
4AA/D6:
A9A/D1:
AD=/9D:
=A=/A6:
1D7/17:
A91/71:
D=7/61:
994/D7:
6==/6D:
19D/1D:
D46/16:
6==/16:
DA6/D6:
=AD/B6:
=7B/71:
644/17:
644/67:
AC PAII%
?IWII\% )\% 5TA.A >%1 ?%II AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5
D=9/61:
=A4/71:
7=A/76:
4D9/D1:
4A9/D1:
449/D1:
4B=/D6:
D=A/61:
AB=/76:
AB9/76:
DA7/D6:
49D/D1:
4AA/D1:
4B4/D7:
D=D/67:
44A/76:
ABD/76:
=4A/61:
=B9/D1:
4BB/D6:
BC PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A >%1 7 AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5 !I51 K5ARK@PA15).%$
1A4D/1D:
6976/16:
ADAA/97:
BDD6/A1:
69DD/16:
D4DD/16:
B==1/B1:
1DAD/16:
A=47/A1:
D4A1/D1:
A=76/A1:
B7=1/A1:
ABB1/A1:
6BB6/11:
=C PAII%
?IWIIM% )M% 5TA.A >%1 7 AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5
D4DA/16:
7BD9/16:
64A4/1D:
1A4A/1D:
69DA/16:
B==9/B1:
=446/=1:
B==7/B1:
1A4B/1D:
4C PAII%
?IWIIM% )M% 5TA.A >%1 % ]O.I1% ?IWI?5)?% PAK>IAO 15)%K 3@5 %
?IWII%K 5 >%)I53@5).515).5' %N5K% )% ;I)AO ?% 3@%>I5).5.
B<B/B<:
D<=/D<:
4<D/7<:
A=79/66:
7B67/16:
=<=/=<:
9<4/9<:
DA7A/66:
74=9/7A:
DD1D/61:
4<4/4<:
7<A/7<:
6BB6/67:
6B7D/17:
1476/1=:
1<C PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A >%1 1 AORAKII1% )% 3@%>I5).5 !>%1 K5ARK@PA15).%$
B6/6D:
B9/69:
B6/7A:
4A/6D:
9</69:
B=/64:
9D/6B:
4A/D=:
46/67:
96/6A:
B</79:
1A</76:
176/77:
619/D7:
D6D/97:
769/A9:
14</49:
99=/47:
D4A/A6:
6<D/A=:
7B=/D6:
91=/BD:
A<6/=A:
AA9/49:
AB6/=D:
11</66:
71=/97:
1B6/D7:
6A</96:
D19/=7:
D79/=B:
6==/76:
AD=/B6:
9==/4=:
ADD/46:
A=</=9:
9=6/4B:
B=D/4=:
61A/9D:
61</D6:
69=/D7:
9<D/A7:
D=A/9D:
911/B7:
66=/BA:
76D/9D:
969/B9:
7B</BD:
DB</4D:
D46/=6:
946/BD:
=AD/4A:
77A/D6:
11C PAII%
?IWIIM% )M% 5TA.A >%1 1 AORAKII1% )% 3@%>I5).5 !>%1
K5RK@PA15).%$
94/6=:
B=/79:
4B/6D:
7AB/B7:
6B=/A4:
B7=/46:
7B=/BD:
9B/6A:
617/97:
47/67:
B74/46:
7B4/B9:
6BD/A=:
BA/7A:
61=/9D:
=74/47:
79=/=4:
6B=/99:
16C PAII%
?IWIIM% >%1 1 AORAKII1% )% 3@%>I5).5 !>%1 K5ARK@PA15).%$
6D6/BD:
B6/16:
D9/19:
DAD/9=:
7D9/A4:
79A/=4:
6A=/AB:
6B6/7D:
D9A/9B:
4</19:
6B6/7D:
1=4/6B:
17</1B:
669/69:
676/64:
4A/1A:
1<=/16:
64D/D4:
14A/6=:
749/B4:
D17/94:
D67/DB:
4D/16:
A</16:
4A/16:
A16/A=:
7=D/D=:
A61/A4:
96/17:
7</19:
97D/=4:
1=4/6B:
D<9/D9:
9<D/9A:
76D/7A:
17C PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A >%1 6 AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5 !I51 K5ARK@PA15).%$
D=7/61:
1D79/D1:
1=DA/B1:
6616/41:
61=D/96:
==6/61:
AD=/9D:
=A=/A6:
11BA/61:
166D/91:
117D/=1:
=7B/71:
1<69/D1:
=AD/B6:
994/D7:
6BD9/A1:
66B9/41:
44A/D6:
14A=/=6:
7B7/71:
AB6/61:
17D6/A1:
1DC PAII%
?IWIIM% 5TA.A >%1 6 AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5 !>%1 K5ARK@PA15).%$
4<7/61: 94D/66: 149/19: 94=/6A:
DD6/17:
DD=/1D:
=1B/14:
996/16:
7D<6/D6:
9D<</B6:
94=A/=6:
79A4/D7:
76=9/B7:
744A/9D:
DB<D/=D:
6979/A9:
=1A</=9:
7A4=/=A:
DA9A/4B:
6=<9/71:
A17=/AA:
DA97/44:
6<A9/94:
44</66:
146/1A:
146/16:
99</66:
4AA/67:
74</19:
D64/17:
6<=/1A:
1B1A/96:
AA6D/B6:
BB6=/46:
D=BA/97:
DD=6/=7:
9DD</AD:
B4=</=D:
A666/B9:
BB4</49:
B=B6/4A:
=1D/11:
7616/DD:
7BB7/BB:
4<<4/44:
1D9A/6A:
9B6/66:
1=6/17:
1=</16:
AB6/D6:
B71/1B:
A4A/6D:
D1D/1=:
6<=</76:
6AAA/A6:
7BB6/=6:
D=BA/46:
D944/A7:
D=7A/47:
A==6/BD:
D===/4D:
7A99/=9:
A446/BA:
79AB/=B:
1=D=/66:
9779/99:
DD==/==:
1<64/D4:
19<=/9=:
19C PAII%
?IWIIM% )M% 5TA.A >%1 6 AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5 !>%1
K5ARK@PA15).%$
AB7/D6:
414/B9:
1DB6/AA:
D6B/19:
4A=/99:
74<D/B9:
16D9/7<:
74<=/47:
11B=/9A:
447/66:
=4D/7D:
B7</71:
BA</1A:
D6B/1D:
AB</69:
76B4/A7:
1BB4/7A:
67B9/9A:
9B7/66:
BB7/D=:
46=/6<:
=96/7D:
B64/1A:
179=/6A:
199</1A:
61=9/99:
1A=A/9=:
1AC PAII%
?IWIIM% >%1 7 AORAKII1%I )% 3@%>I5).5 !>%1 K5ARK@PA15).%$
1B99/17:
411B/B4:
4=AB/A4:
DD<</1A:
9969/1B:
764D/1=:
D=D7/64:
6496/6D:
7B69/69:
7A4</19:
A4AA/6B:
==6</6=:
DDDA/1=:
=DAD/DA:
1<1<9/DB:
ADBD/6A:
=DA7/74:
679A/14:
1BC PAII%
?IWIIM% >%1 N5K% )% 3@%>I5).5 !)% ;I)AO %@ I).5K>AOA?%$
AB6</D6:
9B6</66:
1=<</D6:
61<</1D:
61<7/79:
4=1A/6D:
6BDA/7D:
D4A=/6D:
D<<9/6<:
4<<D/7<:
11D6D/9A:
16A91/A6:
1<D6A/17:
19669/69:
6D=16D/A6
:
99<</66:
94D</66:
146</16:
D=BA/DA:
176DD/D7:
B<<7/1<:
17417/7D:
1A==/61:
1<797/91:
6411/76:
A<<4/7<:
7616=/1A:
77A746/9A
:
7D6<D/A=:
67A1=/DB:
A<<=/64:
11946/67:
B61DD/7A:
44<</66:
149</17:
BB<</66:
776=/76:
=D94/67:
7DB1/7D:
DD4D/D6:
1A==/6D:
AA49/A9:
61<79/79:
1<A<9/19:
4A16=/76:
JIJOI%RKA;IA
IM% PA@O% !PK5;5I.@KA$ I5>K5.^KIA 1@)I>IPAO ?5 5?@>ALM% H PK%F5.%
?5 >APA>I.ALM% ?5 K5>@KI%I X@1A)%I A.K^W5I ?5 .K5I)A15).% 51
I5KWIL% + 14=7

ADIÇÃO
A idéia de juntar é intuitiva e muito familiar à criança. Técnica operatória: a) Quando a soma dos algarismos de cada ordem não ultrapassa 9. Ex. 123+35= No material Forma decomposta 100+ 20 + 3 30 + 5 100+ 50 + 8 158 Tabela valor de lugar C 1 1 D 2 3 5 U 3 5+ 8

b) Quando a soma dos algarismos de cada ordem ultrapassa 9. Ex. 1) 56 + 71 = No material Forma decomposta 50 + 6 70 + 1 120 + 7 = 100 + 20 + 7 127 Tabela valor de lugar C 1 D 5 7 2 U 6 1+ 7

2) 139 + 96 = No material

Forma decomposta 100 + 30 + 9 90 + 6 100+ 120 + 15

Tabela valor de lugar C 1 2 D 3 9 3 U 9 6+ 5

100 + 100 + 20 + 10 + 5 200 + 30 235 +5

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