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Ol Aluno,

Ingls III

Para que voc possa organizar seu estudo, importante que saiba que esta disciplina, Ingls III, est dividida da seguinte forma:

UNIDADE I. PASSIVE VOICE


EXERCCIOS GABARITOS

2
2 2

UNIDADE II. RELATIVE PRONOUNS


EXERCCIOS GABARITOS

2
3 3

UNIDADE III. GERNDIO E INFINITIVO


EXERCCIOS GABARITOS

3
3 4

UNIDADE IV. TAG QUESTION


EXERCCIOS GABARITOS

4
4 4

UNIDADE V. PREPOSIES
EXERCCIOS GABARITOS

4
5 5

UNIDADE VI. REPORTED SPEECH


EXERCCIOS GABARITOS

6
6 6

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Ingls III
d) Hd been finished 3 The dog ate the cake. The cake ______by the dog a) Was eaten b) Is eaten c) Have eaten d) Has eaten GABARITOS 1. A / 2. A.

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Ol! Eu sou o professor UNI e vou ajudar voc a entender toda a matria! Vamos comear? Bem, voc est comeando a estudar a disciplina de Ingls III! Comearemos pela Unidade I: Passive Voice; II: Relative Pronouns. Em seguida voc far exerccios para que verifique a sua aprendizagem, relendo os contedos quando necessrio, e verificando suas respostas no gabarito.

UNIDADE I. PASSIVE VOICE


Como se forma: verbo to be (no tempo adequado) + particpio passado do verbo principal. Ex.: Jane writes a letter A letter is written by Jane. Jane wrote a letter A letter was written by Jane.

UNIDADE II. RELATIVE PRONOUNS


Os pronomes relativos introduzem oraes subordinadas adjetivas (restritivas ou explicativas ). Essas oraes definem, limitam ou acrescentam algo ao significado do antecedente. WHO, WHOM e THAT (que, quem) so usados quando o antecedente for pessoa. Usa-se WHO ou THAT quando o pronome sujeito do verbo. Ex.: The girl WHO / THAT arrived is beautiful. Usa-se WHO, WHOM, THAT ou omite-se o pronome quando este objeto do verbo. EX.: The girls WHO I saw is beautiful The girls WHOM I saw is beautiful The girls THAT I saw is beautiful The girls I saw is beautiful Quando o perodo da orao subordinada no for essencial para o significado do perodo. a. b. c. Ela sempre vem entre vrgulas; No se pode usar THAT; No se pode omitir o pronome.

Tempo Verbal Presente contnuo Passado contnuo Going to Futuro simples Futuro contnuo Presente simples Passado simples Presente perfeito Passado perfeito Condicional simples Condicional perfeito Can

Voz ativa is reading was reading is going to read will read will be reading Reads Read has read had read Would read Would have read can read

Voz passiva is being read was being read is going to be read. will be read will be being read is read was read has been read had been read would be read would have been read can be read

EX.: Mr. Allen, WHO / WHOM you saw yesterday, is an American citizen. WHICH e THAT ( que ) so usados quando o antecedente for coisa ou animal. Usa-se WHICH ou THAT quando o pronome sujeito do verbo. EX: The dog WHICH / THAT entered the room is sick. Usa-se WHICH, THAT ou omite-se o pronome quando este objeto do verbo. EX.: The dog WHICH you saw is sick. The dod THAT you saw is sick. Quando a orao subordinada no essencial para o significado do perodo. a. b. c. Ela sempre vem entre vrgulas; No se pode usar THAT; No se pode omitir o pronome.

O objeto da voz ativa torna-se o sujeito na voz passiva. O sujeito torna-se agente da passiva. O agente da passiva bem sempre precedido por by ou, ento, pode ser omitido. Ex: Jane is reading the book. The book is being read (by Jane). Quando o verbo na voz ativa tiver dois objetos, qualquer um deles pode ser o sujeito da passiva. Ex: John told me a story. A story was told to me ( by John ) was told a story ( by John ). EXERCCIOS Supply the correct form of the verbs in the passive voice. Ex.: He writes many letters every day. Many letters are written by him every day. 1 The boys have fineshed the report. The report __________by the boys a) Has been finished b) Been finished c) Have been finished

Ex.: Swimmimg, WHICH I like very much, is a good sport.

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Ingls III

WHOSE (cujo, cuja, cujos, cujas) indica posse, usado com qualquer antecedente e no pode ser omitido. Ex.: The boy WHOSE bicycle is broken is my friend. Shakespeare, WHOSE plays are famous, was an English author. THAT (que, quem) o nico pronome relativo usado: a. Quando h antecedentes diferentes.

UNIDADE III. GERNDIO E INFINITIVO


O gerndio uma forma verbal caracterizada pela terminao -ING e funciona como substantivo. Ex.: Swimming is good to our body. Gerndio tambm usado: a. aps preposies She is tired of working Aps os verbos come e go (quando indicarem atividade fsica) Lets go shopping aps os verbos: (admit, avoid, appreciate, consider, continue, delay, detest, deny, enjoy, escape, finish, imagine, keep, mind, miss, practice, resist, suggest, stop, try e understand). He admitted being wrong.

b.

Ex.: The girl and the dog THAT I saw on the beach are at home now. b. aps superlativo e palavras como: some, any, no, everything, much, little, only, all. Ex.: He is the vest doctor THAT I know. She is the only girl that loves you. Omisso: a. Quando THAT for objeto do verbo, ele pode ser omitido. b. Quando houver preposio antes do pronome relativo usa-se WHOM (pessoas) ou WHICH (coisa ou animal) Nesses casos, o relativo no pode ser omitido. Ex.: The girl about WHOM you talking is my sister. The book about WHICH you are talking is expensive. EXERCCIOS Supply WHO or WHOM. 1. a) b) c) 2. a) b) c) The girls _______ read the palm of my hand was a gypsy. Who Whom Who / Whom She is the person _______ he has invited. Who Who / Whom Whom

c.

O infinitivo a forma original do verbo e pode aparecer com ou sem a partcula to. Usa-se o infinitivo sem to: a. Aps os verbos anmalos, os verbos auxiliares do e will e os verbos make e let. I can swim Do you like coffee ? Aps as conjunes but e except. I will do nothing but cry Usa-se o infinitivo com o to: a. aps os verbos (tell, invite, teach, remind, wish, desire, want). I want to go home. aps as palavras (too, enough, the first, the second, the last, the only). We are too young to die. I was the first one to arrive. Aps adjetivos This exercise is difficult to do.

b.

b.

c.

GABARITOS 1. A / 2. B.

EXERCCIOS Supply the gerund form of the verbs in parentheses. 1. The man admitted ______________ (steal) the jewelry. Stealing Stealining Stealed She is very pround of ______________ ( swim ) Swimming. Swiming Smming

Agora temos informaes sobre Passive Voice e Relative Pronoun. Veremos na Unidade III e IV o Gerndio e Tag Question, respectivamente. Logo aps voc far exerccios para que verifique a sua aprendizagem, relendo os contedos quando necessrio, e verificando suas respostas no gabarito.

a) b) c) 2. a) b) c)

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4
Supply the infinitive with or without to: 3. Lets ______________ (dance), shall we ? a) Dance. b) Dancening c) Dancer 4. Its hard ______________ ( study ) all day. a) To studying. b) To study c) To studies GABARITOS 1. A / 2. A 3. A / 4. B.

Ingls III

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2. You havent been to South America, ________ ? a) Have You. b) Are you. c) Were you. 3. You wont mention this to anyone, _________ ? a) Wont you. b) Will you c) Are You GABARITOS 1. C / 2. A / 3. B.

UNIDADE IV. TAG QUESTION


Tag question so perguntas que fazemos no final de uma declarao. So freqentes na linguagem coloquial e levam quem as ouve a emitir uma opinio, fazer um comentrio ou a concordar com aquilo que se afirma. Frase afirmativa Frase negativa tag question negativa tag question afirmativa

Agora j sabemos sobre Gerndio e Infinitivo e Tag Question. Continuaremos nas Unidades V e VI, aprendendo sobre Preposies, Reported Speech. No se esquea de fazer os exerccios! Se precisar releia os contedos e pode tambm confirmar sua respostas no gabarito!

UNIDADE V. PREPOSIES
AT: Indicando lugar ou residncia em pequenas cidades, inclusive endereos, se o nmero da rua for conhecido: Ex.: He lives at Smithville. We lived at 45 Main Street. Indicando a hora exata ou localizao no tempo: Ex.: She came at 8 oclock. Indicando preo (= for) Ex.: Apples are on sale at 2 dollars. Indicando direo ou objetivo. Ex.: Look at me ! Indicando localizao ou estado Ex.: Mary is at home. BY: Indicando o meio, agente (passiva) ou autor. Ex.: We went by taxi ( meio ) This song is by Lennon ( autor ) The book was written by Agatha Kristie ( agente da passiva ) Indicando proximidade Ex.: I was by the fire Antes de pronomes reflexivos (= alone) Ex.: They did the work by themselves Indicando passagem por uma referncia Ex.: He passed by my window on his way to work.

Se a declarao feita com um verbo auxiliar, este se repete na pergunta. Se for feita com qualquer outro verbo, usa-se DO, DOES, DID. Se o sujeito da orao um nome, usa-se o respectivo pronome. EX: Tom is going to do it, isnt he ? He isnt going to do it, is he ? Regras Especiais: a. A tag question de I AM arent I, mas possvel encontrar: Am I not ? I am an admirable man, arent I ? b. A tag question de uma frase imperativa afirmativa ou negativa : will you ? Open your mouth, will you ? Dont give her your money, will you ? c. A tag question correspondente a LETS ou LETS NOT : shall we ? Lets go to the bar, shall we ? Lets not talk to him, shall we ? d. Quando o verbo principal for o verbo to have (possuir, ter) no simple present ou simple past, poder-se- formar a tag question com DO, DOES, DID ou HAVE, HAS, HAD. She has a lot of boyfriends, doesnt she ? hasnt she ?

EXERCCIOS 1. She never did me a favor, _____________ ? a) didnt she b) wasnt she c) did she d) did never e) does she Add questions tags:

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FOR: Indicando uma durao de tempo. Ex.: She played tennis for two hours. Indicando a contrapartida, a troca. Ex.: Nothing for nothing leaves nothing An eye for an eye Como ndice de finalidade. Ex.: He is studying for the Ministry.

Ingls III

Indicando propsito.. Ex.: They traveled on business. Indicando o canal ou meio de comunicao. Ex.: They were seen on television. TO: Indicando direo para onde . Ex.: We are going to London. Indicando contagem , marcador . Ex.: The game is 3 to 1 UP: Indicando qualquer antecedncia (numrica, volume, etc...). Ex.: Go up the hill. FROM: Indicando procedncia. Ex.: We are from Canada. OUTRAS PREPOSIES COMUNS: BETWEEN (entre 2) AMONG - (entre vrios) OVER, ABOVE (acima) UNDER, BELOW - (abaixo) TOWARD (em direo de) INTO (para dentro de) THROUGH (atravs) UPON (= on) BESIDE (ao lado de) BESIDES (alm de) NEXT TO (= beside) = NEAR (perto de, ao lado). EXERCCIOS 1. She has saved _____ so much money she will be well off _____ the rest _____ her life. a) for for of. b) in in in. c) for of in. d) up for of. e) up in off. 2. De acordo com as Preposies, qual a alternativa correta. a) b) c) d) e) The game will be in the USA in August 25, at 3:30. We can go to the park on foot or bus. Now the plane is flying in the Pacific Ocean. The building will be ready on two years. He stopped for two days at a small village and stayed in London for a week and then he was put in prison for stealing diamonds.

Indicando o espectador ou beneficiado pela ao. Ex.: She is singing a song for us. Indicando um ponto de vista do falante em relao a uma medida, situao, objeto. Ex.: This shirt is large for me. IN: Antes de nomes de pases e grandes cidades. Ex.: We all live in Brazil Antes de nomes de meses, anos e estaes do ano. Ex.: David got married in January. Indicando um perodo Ex.: He will come in a minute / na hour. Indicando lugar dentro de ( = within ). Ex.: Theres some ink in the pot. OF: Indicando unio, conexo. Ex.: The rest of the country is rich. Indicando uma relao de posse, parentesco ou caracterizao. Ex.: A man of honour is here: me ! OFF: Indicando desconexo, desligamento. Ex.: That book must be taken off there. Turn off the lights. OUT: Indicando movimento para fora, sada, deslocamento. Ex.: The moon is coming out. ON: Indicando contato com superfcies. Ex.: Your book is on the table. Antes de nomes de dias da semana e do ms. Ex.: Come to visit us on Sundays. Antes de nomes de rua, se o nmero no for citado. Ex.: Marianne lives on Mckinley Avenue.

GABARITOS 1. D / 2. C.

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6 UNIDADE VI. REPORTED SPEECH

Ingls III
Ours Us You Your Yours You Theirs Them I My Mine Me

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Existem duas maneiras de relatarmos um discurso proferido por algum: 1 Discurso Direto Direct Speech No discurso direto, as palavras do narrador so repetidas da mesma forma como ele as pronunciou. Ex.: Bob said: I study English every day . 2 Discurso Indireto Indirect Speech No discurso indireto, o narrador conta, com suas prprias palavras, o que foi dito por outra pessoa. Ex.: Direct Bob said: I study English every day Indirect Bob said ( that ) he studied English every day. Casos Particulares: 1 Quando relatamos uma pergunta no discurso indireto, devemos expressar a pergunta original em forma afirmativa. Ex.: Direct Bob asked: Where does Tom live ? Indirect Bob asked where Tom lived. Se a pergunta no for introduzida por ma Question Word ( why, where, when, what, .... ), devemos introduzi-la no discurso indireto por meio de WHETHER ou IF. Ex.: Direct Bob asked: Does Tom live near the post office ? Indirect Bob asked Whether / if Tom lived near the post office. 2 Expressamos ORDEM ou COMANDO no discurso indireto usando a forma infinitiva: Ex.: Direct Bob said to me: Come back at 9 Indirect Bob told ( ordered ) me to come back at 9. Direct Bob said to me: Dont eat much sugar Indirect Bob told ( ordered ) me not to eat much sugar. As principais mudanas do Discurso Direto para o Indireto so: 1 Changes in verbs: Direct Speech Simple present Present continuous Present perfect Simple past Future ( will ou shall ) Conditional tense Indirect Speech Simple past Past continuous Past perfect Past perfect Cond. (should ou would) Conditional perfect

3 Changes in Demonstratives: Direct Speech This, these Here Now Exp. de tempo + Ago Today Tomorrow Last + Exp. De tempo Yesterday EXERCCIOS Change the following sentences from direct to indirect speech. 1. Mary Said: The train will probably arrive on time Mary said (that)________________________ a) Mary said (that) the train wont probably arrive on time b) Mary said (that) the train would probably arrive on time c) Mary said (that) the train were probably arrive on time d) Mary said (that) the train are probably arrive on time 2. John said: I saw this movie yesterday John said (that)________________________ a) John said (that) he had seen that movie the day before b) John said (that) he has seen that movie the day before c) John said (that) he have seen that movie the day before d) John said (that) he seen that movie the day before GABARITOS 1. B / 2. A. Indirect Speech That, Those There Then Exp. De tempo + Before That day The day after Exp. De tempo + Before The day before

2 Changes in pronouns: Direct Speech I My Mine Me We Our Indirect Speech He, She His, Her His, Hers Him, Her They their

Parabns! Voc concluiu os estudos de Ingls III! J est apto a desempenhar todas as habilidades que os contedos estudados lhe proporcionam. Agora s utiliz-los! Boa sorte em seus prximos estudos na UNI! Estamos felizes por voc ter chegado aqui com xito e continue estudando! Pois O estudo enobrece o homem.

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