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Teacher: Roberto Cavalcanti
Assunto: REPORTED SPEECH

REPORTED SPEECH
Statements
H duas maneiras de relatar o que uma pessoa disse:

1. Atravs do discurso direto (direct speech), onde repetimos as palavras do orador as
quais devem estar inseridas entre aspas.
Eg.: Ann said, I am very tired.
Paul said: I want to buy this car.

2. Atravs do discurso indireto onde repetimos o que a pessoa disse indiretamente,
sendo que usando as nossas prprias palavras.
Eg.: Ann said she was very tired.
Paul said he wanted to buy that car.

NOTE: No discurso direto usamos dois pontos ou uma vrgula aps o verbo
introdutrio da orao.
Eg.: Pamela said, I am studying.
Peter said: Im going to Chicago on business.
Como transformar o discurso direto em indireto

1. Se o verbo introdutrio estiver no Simple Present, Present Continuous, Present
Perfect ou Simple future o tempo verbal no mudar no discurso indireto.
Eg.: Tom says, I worked hard yesterday.
He is saying: It may rain.
He has said: I am tired.
He will say, I need some rest.

2. Todavia, se o verbo introdutrio estiver no passado, ento, o verbo no discurso
indireto ter que ser mudado, conforme o quadro abaixo:

Discurso Direto Discurso Indireto

Simple Present Simple Past
Present Continuous Past Continuous
Present Perfect Past Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
Simple Past Past Perfect
Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous

Nome: ____________________________________________________

Data: ______/________/________ Turma: Ingls Intensivo para Concurso

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Simple Future Simple Conditional
Future Continuous Conditional Continuous
Simple Conditional Conditional Perfect / Simple Conditional
Can Could
May Might
Could, might, should, ought Could, might, should, ought

Tabela de alteraes de: pronomes pessoais, pronomes
possessivos/demonstrativos e advrbios

Discurso Direto Discurso Indireto

1) this 1) that
2) these 2) those
3) here 3) there
4) today 4) that day
5) yesterday 5) the day before / the previous day
6) last week 6) the week before / the previous week
7) ago 7) before
8) tomorrow 8) the following day / the next day
9) next week 9) the following week
10) now 10) at that moment / then
11) I 11) he / she
12) you 12) I / we
13) we 13) they
14) my 14) his / her / your
15) your 15) my / our
16) our 16) their
17) myself 17) himself / herself / yourself
18) go 18) come

Eg.: She said: Pat was here yesterday.
She said (that) Pat had been there the day before.

As oraes no discurso direto podem ser divididas em:

a) Afirmativas / negativas
b) Interrogativas com: pronomes interrogativos / verbos auxiliares
c) Imperativas: afirmativas / negativas

Ao transformarmos o discurso direto em indireto das oraes afirmativas
/negativas deveremos observar o verbo da orao introdutria, pois o mesmo
ser responsvel pela mudana ou no no tempo verbal da orao seguinte.

Eg1.: John said, Ill never do this again.

R.S.: _________________________________________________________.

Eg2.: The young man said, My sister is learning French here.


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R.S.: _________________________________________________________.

Eg3.: Tom said: I dont like tea.

R.S.: _________________________________________________________.

As oraes interrogativas do discurso direto dividem-se em:

a) Interrogativas com pronomes interrogativos
b) Interrogativas com verbos auxiliares

As oraes interrogativas iniciadas por pronomes interrogativos tais como:
when, where, why, what, whose, who(m), how, quando passarem para o
discurso indireto, mantero os mesmos pronomes sendo que estes sero seguidos
de sujeito mais verbos no devido tempo.

NOTE 1: Se o verbo introdutrio for say, ele dever ser mudado para ask,
wonder, inquire ou want to know.
Eg.: D.S.: He said, Where does she live?
R.S.:
_____________________________________________________________________.

NOTE 2: Quando o verbo say for seguido de objeto indireto, apenas o verbo ask
poder ser utilizado no seu lugar. Os verbos inquire, wonder e want to know
no podero ser seguidos de objeto indireto.
Eg1.: D.S.: Paul said to me, Where do you want to take off your coat?
R.S.:
_____________________________________________________________________.
Eg2.: D.S.: The woman said to the boys, How did the fight begin?.
R.S.:
_____________________________________________________________________.
Eg3.: D.S.: Kevin said to her, what will you do tomorrow?.
R.S.: kevin asked her what she.would do the following day.
As oraes interrogativas iniciadas por verbos auxiliares: do, does, did, will,
would, shall, should, may, might, can, could etc., quando passarem para o discurso
indireto, utilizaremos as conjunes if ou whether, sendo esta ltima mais formal.
Eg1.: D.S.: My uncle said to my aunt, Are you tired?.
R.S.:
_____________________________________________________________________.
Eg2.: D.S.: John said to Mary, Will you bring me the books?.
R.S.:
_____________________________________________________________________.
Eg3.: D.S.: Tom asked me: Did you mail the letter for me?.
R.S.:
_____________________________________________________________________.

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Eg4.: D.S.: He said to me: Can you show me your passport?.
R.S.:
_____________________________________________________________________.
As oraes imperativas do discurso direto dividem-se em:
a) afirmativas
b) negativas
O verbo mais comumente utilizado quando da passagem de direto para indireto
tell. Tambm poderemos utilizar outros verbos tais como:
Advise, Ask, Beg, Command, Encourage, Forbid, Invite, Order, Request,
Warn
Nas oraes imperativas negativas, alm de mudana do verbo introdutrio,
haver a mudana de dont para not to. Contudo na orao imperativa afirmativa s
utilizaremos a preposio to.
Eg1.: D.S.: The dentist said to me: Please, open your mouth.
R.S.:
___________________________________________________________________.
Eg4.: D.S.: Father said to his son, Dont do what Ive done.
R.S.: Father asked his son not to do what he had done.
EXERCISES
I - Turn the sentences below into reported speech:
1. She told Fred, Dont make fun of me.
___________________________________________________________________.
3. Mary said to me, Hurry up if you want to go out with me.
___________________________________________________________________.
4. She said, Ive just hurt myself.
___________________________________________________________________.
5.Last month Peter said, Mary, you are going to receive an invitation for my
party.
___________________________________________________________________.