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De base

Derivadas

DIMENSES
Nome
massa
comprimento
tempo
temperatura
rea
volume
vazo volumtrica
vazo mssica
velocidade
acelerao
fora
presso
volume especfico
massa especfica ou densidade absoluta
peso especfico
viscosidade dinmica ou absoluta
viscosidade cinemtica
energia
potncia

Smbolo
m
L
t
T
A = L2
V = L3
Q=V/t
M=m/t
v=L/t
a=v/t
F=m*a
p = F /A
=V/m
=m/V
=F/V

=/
E=F*L
P=E/t

Internacional
kg (kilograma)
m (metro)
s (segundo)
K (kelvin)
m2
m3
m3 / s
kg / s
m/s
m / s2
kg * m / s2 = N (newton)
N / m2 = Pa (pascal)
m3 / kg
kg / m3
N / m3
Pa * s
m2 / s
N * m = J (joule)
J / s = W (watt)

Mltiplos:

k (kilo) = 103; M (mega) = 106

Sub-mltiplos:

d (deci) = 10-1; c (centi) = 10-2; m (mili) = 10-3; (micro) = 10-6

SISTEMAS DE UNIDADES
Tcnico
Mtrico
Ingls I (Absoluto)
utm (unidade tcnica de massa)
g (grama)
slug (slug)
m (metro)
cm (centmetro)
ft (p)
s (segundo)
s (segundo)
s (segundo)
K (kelvin)
C (graus celsius)
R (rankine)
2
2
m
cm
ft2
3
3
m
cm
ft3
m3 / s
cm3 / s
ft3 / s
utm / s
g/s
slug / s
m/s
cm / s
ft / s
2
2
m/s
cm / s
ft / s2
2
2
2
utm * m / s = kgf (kilograma-fora)
g * cm / s = dyn (dina)
slug * ft / s = lbf (libra-fora)
kgf / m2
dyn / cm2
lbf / ft2
3
3
m / utm
cm / g
ft3 / slug
3
3
utm / m
g / cm
slug / ft3
kgf / m3
dyn / cm3
lbf / ft3
2
2
kgf * s / m
dyn * s / cm = p (poise)
lbf * s / ft2
2
2
m /s
cm / s = St (stoke)
ft2 / s
kgf * m
dyn * cm = erg (erg)
lbf * ft
kgf * m / s
erg / s
lbf * ft / s

Ingls II (Tcnico)
lbm (libra-massa)
ft (p)
s (segundo)
R (rankine)
ft2
ft3
ft3 / s
lbm / s
ft / s
ft / s2
2
lbm * ft / s = pdl (poundal)
pdl / ft2
ft3 / lbm
lbm / ft3
pdl / ft3
pdl * s / ft2
ft2 / s
pdl * ft
pdl * ft / s

CONVERSO DE UNIDADES
Massa (m)
kg

1.02E-01

1000

6.85E-02

2.20

utm
g

9.81
1.00E-03

1
1.02E-04

9807
1

6.72E-01
21.6
6.85E-05 2.20E-03

slug
lbm

14.6
4.54E-01

1.49
4.63E-02

14594
454

1
32.2

3.11E-02
1

kg

utm

slug

lbm

Presso (p)
1.02E-01
10

2.09E-02

6.72E-01

9.81
1.00E-01

1
1.02E-02

98.1
1

2.05E-01
2.09E-03

6.59
6.72E-02

47.9
1.49

4.89
1.52E-01

479
14.9

1
32.2

3.11E-02
1

Pa

kgf / m2

dyn / cm2

lbf / ft2

pdl / ft2

515
52.6

16.0
1.63

Pa

kgf / m2
dyn / cm2
lbf / ft2
pdl / ft2

Comprimento (L)
m
cm

1
1.00E-02

100
1

3.28
3.28E-02

m3 / kg
m3 / utm

1
1.02E-01

Volume especfico ()
9.81
1000
1
102

ft

3.05E-01
m

30.5
cm

1
ft

cm3 / g
ft3 / slug

1.00E-03
1.94E-03

9.81E-03
1.90E-02

1
1.94

5.15E-01
1

1.60E-02
32.2

ft3 / lbm

6.24E-02
m3 / kg

6.12E-01
m3 / utm

62.4
cm3 / g

3.11E-02
ft3 / slug

1
ft3 / lbm

Massa especfica ou densidade absoluta ()


1
1.02E-01
1.00E-03 1.94E-03

6.24E-02

Temperatura (T)
K
C
R

1
K - 273,15
C + 273,15
1
5*R/9
5 * (R - 492) / 9

9*K/5
9 * (C + 273,15) / 5
1

m2

rea (A)
10000

10.8

cm2
ft2

1.00E-04
9.29E-02

1
929

1.08E-03
1

m2

cm2

ft2

kg / m3
utm / m3
g / cm3

9.81
1.00E+03

1
102

9.81E-03
1

1.90E-02
1.94

6.12E-01
62.4

slug / ft3
lbm / ft3

515
16.0

52.6
1.63

5.15E-01
1.60E-02

1
32.2

3.11E-02
1

kg / m3

utm / m3

g / cm3

slug / ft3

lbm / ft3

Peso especfico ()
1.02E-01
1.00E-01

N / m3

6.37E-03

2.05E-01

kgf / m3
dyn / cm3
lbf / ft3

9.81
10
157

1
1
16.0

9.81E-01
1
15.7

6.24E-02
6.37E-02
1

2.01
2.05
3.11E-02

4.88
N / m3

4.98E-01
kgf / m3

4.88E-01
dyn / cm3

32.2
lbf / ft3

1
pdl / ft3

m3
cm3

1
1.00E-06

Volume (V)
1000000
1

ft3

2.83E-02
m3

28317
cm3

m3 / s
cm3 / s

1
1.00E-06

1000000
1

35.3
3.53E-05

Pa * s
kgf * s / m2

ft3 / s

2.83E-02
m3 / s

28317
cm3 / s

1
ft3 / s

p
lbf * s / ft2
pdl * s / ft2

kg / s

utm / s
g/s
slug / s
lbm / s

35.3
3.53E-05
1
ft3

pdl / ft3

Vazo volumtrica (Q)

Viscosidade dinmica ou absoluta ()


1
1.02E-01
10
2.09E-02
9.81
1
98.1
2.05E-01

6.72E-01
6.59

1.00E-01
47.9
1.49

1.02E-02
4.89
1.52E-01

1
479
14.9

2.09E-03
1
32.2

6.72E-02
3.11E-02
1

Pa * s

kgf * s / m2

lbf * s / ft2

pdl * s / ft2

Energia (E)
1.02E-01
10000000
1
98066500

7.38E-01
7.23

23.7
233

Vazo mssica (M)


1.02E-01
1000

6.85E-02

9.81
1.00E-03

1
1.02E-04

9807
1

6.72E-01
21.6
6.85E-05 2.20E-03

14.6
4.54E-01

1.49
4.63E-02

14594
454

1
32.2

3.11E-02
1

kg / s

utm / s

g/s

slug / s

lbm / s

m/s
cm / s

1
1.00E-02

Velocidade (v)
100
1

3.28
3.28E-02

J
kgf * m

1
9.81

ft / s

3.05E-01
m/s

30.5
cm / s

1
ft / s

erg
lbf * ft

1.00E-07
1.36

1.02E-08
1.38E-01

1
13558270

7.38E-08
1

2.37E-06
3.11E-02

pdl * ft

4.21E-02
J

4.30E-03
kgf * m

421401
erg

32.2
lbf * ft

1
pdl * ft

2.20
m2 / s

Viscosidade cinemtica ()
1
10000

St
ft2 / s

Acelerao (a)

10.8

1.00E-04
9.29E-02

1
929

1.08E-03
1

m2 / s

St

ft2 / s

m / s2
cm / s2

1
1.00E-02

100
1

3.28
3.28E-02

ft / s2

3.05E-01
m / s2

30.5
cm / s2

1
ft / s2

W
kgf * m / s

1
9.81

1.02E-01
1

10000000
98066500

7.38E-01
7.23

23.7
233

erg / s
lbf * ft / s
pdl * ft / s

1.00E-07
1.36
4.21E-02

1.02E-08
1.38E-01
4.30E-03

1
13558270
421401

7.38E-08
1
32.2

2.37E-06
3.11E-02
1

kgf * m / s

erg / s

lbf * ft / s

pdl * ft / s

Potncia (P)

Fora (F)
N

1.02E-01

100000

2.25E-01

kgf
dyn

9.81
1.00E-05

1
1.02E-06

980665
1

2.20
70.9
2.25E-06 7.23E-05

7.23

lbf
pdl

4.45
1.38E-01

4.54E-01
1.41E-02

444825
13825

1
32.2

3.11E-02
1

kgf

dyn

lbf

pdl

OUTRAS UNIDADES E CONVERSES


Comprimento: 1 in (polegada) = 2,54E-02 m; 1 ft = 12 in
Tempo:

1min (minuto) = 60 s; 1 h (hora) = 3600 s

Temperatura:

F (fahrenheit) = R - 459,67

Volume:

1 l (litro) = 1,00E-03 m3; 1 bbl (barril) = 1,59E-01 m3

Presso:

1 bar (bar) = 10000 Pa; 1 atm (atmosfera) = 101325 Pa; 1 kgf / cm 2 = 98067 Pa; 1 mca (metro de coluna de gua) = 9807 Pa;
1 psi (pound per square inch) = 1 lbf / in2 = 6898 Pa; 1 mmHg (milmetro de coluna de mercrio) = 1 torr (torricelli) = 133 Pa

Energia:

1 cal (caloria) = 4,1868 J; 1 Btu (British thermal unit) = 1055 J

Potncia:

1 hp (horse power) = 746 W; 1 cv (cavalo vapor) = 736 W