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joule

erg (cgs)
hartree (au)
rydberg
eletron-volt
caloria termoqumica
caloria internacional
caloria a 15 oC
atmosfera-litro
British Thermal Unit

Medidas de Energia
Smbolo
J
erg
Eh
Ry
eV
calth
calIT
calIT
atm-l
Btu

Equivalncia
= 1 N.m = 1 kg.m.s-2
= 10-7 J
~ 4,359 75 x 10-18 J
~ 2,179 87 x 10-18 J
~ 1,602 18 x 10-19 J
= 4,184 J
= 4,1868 J
~ 4,1855 J
= 101,325 J
= 1055,06 J

Unidade
watt
horse power
cavalo vapor

Medidas de Potncia
Smbolo
W
hp
cv

Equivalncia
= 1 J.s-1 = N.m.s-1 = kg.m.s-3
= 745,7 W
= 0,9863 hp = 735,5 W

Unidade
metro cbico
litro
lambda
barril (US)
galo (US)
galo (UK)

Medidas de volume
Smbolo
m
l, L

US-bl
US-gal
B-gal

Equivalncia
= 1 m
= dm = 10-3 m
= l = 10-6 d87m
~ 158,987 dm
= 3,78541 dm
= 4,546 09 dm

Medidas de fora
Smbolo
N
dina
u.a.f.
kgf

Equivalncia
= kg.m.s-2
= 10-5N
~ 8,238 73 x 10-8N
= 9,80665 N

Unidade

Unidade
newton
dina (unidade cgs)
u. a. de fora
quilograma-fora

Outras medidas
Unidade
kelvin
mole[1]

Smbolo

Equivalncia

K
mol

=1K
= 6,02214179(30) 1023 mol-1

Unidade
quilograma
massa do eletron
dalton (massa atmica)
gamma
tonelada (mtrica)
libra (avoirdupois)
ona (avoirdupois)
ona (troy)
gro

Medidas de massa
Smbolo
LITROS
kg
= 1 kg
me
~ 9,109 39 x 10-31 kg
Da, u.m.a.
~ 1,660 540 x 10-27 kg

= 1 dalton
t
= 10 kg
lb
= 0,453 592 37 kg
oz
~ 28,3495 g
oz (troy)
~ 31,1035 g
gr
= 64,798 91 mg

Medidas de presso
Unidade
Smbolo
Equivalncia
pascal
Pa
= 1 N.m-2 = 1 kg.m-1.s-2
atmosfera
atm
= 101325 Pa = 101325 N.m-2
bar
bar
= 105 KPa
torricelli
Torr
= (101325/760) Pa ~ 133,323 Pa
milmetro de mercrio
mmHg
= 1 torr
libra por polegada quadrada
psi
~ 6,894 757 x 10 Pa
milmetro de gua
mmH2O
~ 9,859 503 Pa

Unidade
segundo
u. a. de tempo
minuto
hora
dia
semana
ms
ano
svedberg

Unidade
unidade do SIU
poise
centipoise

Medidas de tempo
Smbolo
Equivalncia
s
1s
u.a.t.
~ 2,418 88 x 10-17 s
min
= 60 s
h
= 3600 s
d
= 86400 s (convencionado)
s
= 7 dias
m
= 30 dias (convencionado)
a
~ 31 556 952 s
Sv
= ~ 10-13 s
Medidas de viscosidade dinmica
Smbolo
Equivalncia
Pa.s = N.m= kgf.m-1.s-1
2.s
P
= 10-1Pa.s
cP
= mPa.s .

Tabela de vapor saturado - Refer

Presso abs

Temp saturao

Entalpia espec da Entalpiaespec de


gua
vaporiz

pabs
bar

tsat
C

hf
kJ/kg

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

99.6
120.2
133.6
143.6
151.9
158.9
165
170.4
175.4
179.9
184.1
188
191.6
195.1
198.3
201.4
204.3
207.2
209.8
212.4
214.9
217.3
219.6
221.8
224
226.1
228.1
230.1
232
233.9
235.7
237.5
239.2
240.9
242.6
244.2
245.8
247.4

hfg
kJ/kg
417.5
504.8
561.6
604.9
640.4
670.7
697.4
721.3
743
762.9
781.4
798.7
815
830.3
844.9
858.8
872
884.7
897
908.7
920.1
931
941.7
952
962
971.7
981.2
990.5
999.5
1008.3
1016.9
1025.4
1033.6
1041.7
1049.7
1057.5
1065.1
1072.6

2257.6
2201.7
2163.7
2133.6
2108.2
2086
2066
2047.7
2030.7
2014.8
1999.9
1985.7
1972.1
1959.1
1946.7
1934.6
1923
1911.7
1900.7
1890
1879.6
1869.5
1859.5
1849.8
1840.2
1830.9
1821.7
1812.6
1803.7
1795
1786.3
1777.8
1769.4
1761.2
1753
1744.9
1736.9
1729

Entalpia espec do
vapor
hg
kJ/kg
2675.2
2706.6
2725.3
2738.6
2748.7
2756.7
2763.4
2768.9
2773.7
2777.8
2781.3
2784.4
2787.1
2789.5
2791.5
2793.4
2795
2796.4
2797.7
2798.8
2799.7
2800.5
2801.2
2801.8
2802.2
2802.6
2802.9
2803.1
2803.2
2803.3
2803.3
2803.2
2803.1
2802.9
2802.6
2802.3
2802
2801.6

39
40

248.9
250.4

1080
1087.3

1721.1
1713.4

2801.1
2800.7

Tabela de vapor saturado - Refernc

Temp saturao

Presso abs

Entalpia espec da Entalpiaespec de


gua
vaporiz

Entalpia espec do
vapor

tsat
C

pabs
bar

hf
kJ/kg

hg
kJ/kg

100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
215
220
225
230
235
240
245
250

1.01
1.21
1.43
1.69
1.98
2.32
2.7
3.13
3.61
4.15
4.76
5.43
6.18
7
7.91
8.92
10.02
11.22
12.54
13.98
15.54
17.23
19.06
21.04
23.18
25.48
27.95
30.6
33.45
36.49
39.74

hfg
kJ/kg
419.1
440.22
461.37
482.57
503.81
525.1
546.44
567.83
589.28
610.78
632.35
653.98
675.69
697.46
719.32
741.26
763.28
785.41
807.63
829.97
852.42
874.99
897.7
920.54
943.54
966.7
990.04
1013.55
1037.27
1061.2
1085.35

2256.66
2243.39
2229.93
2216.28
2202.42
2188.33
2174
2159.43
2144.59
2129.47
2114.06
2098.34
2082.3
2065.91
2049.17
2032.05
2014.54
1996.61
1978.25
1959.43
1940.14
1920.35
1900.04
1879.19
1857.76
1835.73
1813.07
1789.74
1765.72
1740.96
1715.43

2675.76
2683.61
2691.31
2698.85
2706.23
2713.43
2720.44
2727.26
2733.87
2740.26
2746.41
2752.33
2757.99
2763.38
2768.49
2773.3
2777.82
2782.01
2785.88
2789.4
2792.56
2795.34
2797.74
2799.73
2801.3
2802.43
2803.1
2803.3
2802.99
2802.16
2800.78

Tabela de vapor saturado - Referncia de presso


Volume espec da Volume espec do Entropia espec da Entropia espec de Entropia espec do
gua
vapor
gua
vaporiz
vapor
vf
dm/kg

vg
m/kg
1.043
1.06
1.073
1.083
1.092
1.1
1.107
1.114
1.12
1.126
1.131
1.137
1.142
1.147
1.152
1.157
1.162
1.166
1.17
1.175
1.179
1.183
1.187
1.191
1.195
1.199
1.203
1.207
1.21
1.214
1.217
1.221
1.225
1.229
1.232
1.236
1.239
1.242

sf
kJ/kg K
1.694
0.886
0.606
0.462
0.375
0.316
0.273
0.24
0.215
0.194
0.177
0.163
0.151
0.141
0.132
0.124
0.117
0.11
0.105
0.1
0.095
0.091
0.087
0.083
0.08
0.077
0.074
0.071
0.069
0.067
0.065
0.062
0.061
0.059
0.057
0.055
0.054
0.052

sfg
kJ/kg K
1.303
1.53
1.672
1.777
1.861
1.932
1.993
2.046
2.095
2.139
2.179
2.217
2.252
2.284
2.315
2.344
2.372
2.398
2.423
2.447
2.47
2.492
2.514
2.534
2.554
2.574
2.592
2.611
2.628
2.645
2.662
2.679
2.694
2.71
2.725
2.74
2.754
2.769

sg
kJ/kg K
6.056
5.597
5.32
5.119
4.96
4.829
4.715
4.616
4.527
4.447
4.374
4.306
4.243
4.184
4.129
4.077
4.027
3.98
3.935
3.892
3.851
3.812
3.774
3.737
3.702
3.667
3.634
3.602
3.571
3.54
3.51
3.482
3.453
3.426
3.399
3.373
3.347
3.322

7.359
7.127
6.992
6.896
6.821
6.76
6.708
6.663
6.622
6.586
6.553
6.523
6.495
6.468
6.444
6.421
6.399
6.378
6.358
6.34
6.322
6.304
6.288
6.272
6.256
6.241
6.227
6.213
6.199
6.186
6.173
6.16
6.148
6.136
6.124
6.113
6.101
6.09

1.245
1.249

0.051
0.05

2.783
2.796

3.297
3.273

6.08
6.069

Tabela de vapor saturado - Referncia de temperatura


Volume espec da Volume espec do Entropia espec da Entropia espec de Entropia espec do
gua
vapor
gua
vaporiz
vapor
vf
dm/kg

vg
m/kg
1.0437
1.0477
1.0519
1.0562
1.0606
1.0652
1.07
1.075
1.0801
1.0853
1.0908
1.0964
1.1022
1.1082
1.1145
1.1209
1.1275
1.1344
1.1415
1.1489
1.1565
1.16
1.1726
1.18
1.19
1.2
1.2087
1.22
1.2291
1.24
1.2513

sf
kJ/kg K
1.674
1.42
1.211
1.037
0.892
0.771
0.669
0.582
0.509
0.446
0.393
0.347
0.307
0.273
0.243
0.217
0.194
0.174
0.157
0.141
0.127
0.115
0.104
0.095
0.086
0.078
0.072
0.065
0.06
0.055
0.05

sfg
kJ/kg K
1.307
1.363
1.419
1.474
1.528
1.582
1.635
1.687
1.739
1.791
1.842
1.893
1.943
1.993
2.042
2.091
2.14
2.188
2.236
2.284
2.331
2.378
2.425
2.471
2.518
2.564
2.61
2.656
2.701
2.747
2.793

sg
kJ/kg K
6.048
5.933
5.82
5.71
5.602
5.496
5.393
5.291
5.191
5.093
4.996
4.901
4.807
4.715
4.624
4.534
4.446
4.358
4.271
4.185
4.1
4.016
3.933
3.85
3.767
3.685
3.603
3.522
3.441
3.36
3.279

7.355
7.296
7.239
7.183
7.13
7.078
7.027
6.978
6.93
6.884
6.838
6.794
6.75
6.708
6.666
6.625
6.585
6.546
6.507
6.469
6.431
6.394
6.357
6.321
6.285
6.249
6.213
6.178
6.142
6.107
6.072

Calor espec vapor Calor espec vapor


cv
kJ/kg K

cp
kJ/kg K
1.525
1.577
1.616
1.651
1.682
1.71
1.736
1.762
1.785
1.808
1.83
1.852
1.873
1.893
1.912
1.931
1.95
1.969
1.987
2.004
2.022
2.039
2.055
2.072
2.088
2.104
2.12
2.136
2.151
2.166
2.181
2.196
2.211
2.226
2.24
2.254
2.268
2.282

2.043
2.127
2.195
2.256
2.312
2.365
2.415
2.464
2.511
2.557
2.602
2.646
2.689
2.732
2.775
2.816
2.858
2.899
2.94
2.981
3.021
3.062
3.102
3.142
3.182
3.222
3.262
3.301
3.341
3.381
3.421
3.461
3.501
3.541
3.581
3.621
3.661
3.702

2.296
2.31

3.742
3.783

Calor espec vapor Calor espec vapor


cv
kJ/kg K

cp
kJ/kg K
1.526
1.538
1.55
1.562
1.576
1.59
1.605
1.621
1.638
1.656
1.674
1.694
1.715
1.736
1.759
1.784
1.809
1.835
1.863
1.892
1.923
1.954
1.988
2.022
2.058
2.096
2.135
2.175
2.217
2.261
2.306

2.044
2.062
2.082
2.103
2.126
2.15
2.176
2.203
2.233
2.265
2.299
2.335
2.374
2.415
2.46
2.507
2.558
2.612
2.67
2.731
2.797
2.867
2.943
3.023
3.109
3.201
3.299
3.405
3.519
3.641
3.772