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Atividade Avaliativa de Língua Estrangeira Moderna ONE – Inglês.

TURMA:__________
NOME:____________________________________________________________ Nº: _______________

The Big Bang


The Big Bang Model is a theory that tries to
explain the evolution of the universe. According to this
theory, at some time between ten and twenty billion c) the universe is made of hydrogen and helium.
years ago, all matter and energy were compressed into d) the universe is more than ten billion years old.
a small ball only a few kilometers in diameter. It was,
in effect, one atom that contained all the components
of the entire universe in the form of pure energy. 06.Fill in the blanks with these words from the text:
Then, at a moment in the time that astronomers
refer to as t = 0 (t equals zero), the ball exploded, COOLED - HURLING - PARTICLES -
hurling energy into space. Expansion occurred. As the OCCURRED - COMPONENTS - ENTIRE -
energy cooled, most of it became matter in the form of PURE - BECAME - A FEW - REFER TO
protons, neutrons, and electrons. These original
particles combined to form hydrogen and helium, and 1.Oxygen and hydrogen are the ...........
continued to expand. This expansion of matter formed COMPONENTS... of water.
galaxies with stars and planets.
2.Scientists say that our planet ....... BECAME.......
01.The text states that galaxies were formed: very cold during the glacial era.
a) ten billion years ago.
b) fifteen billion years ago. 3.The explosion in the laboratory destroyed the .........
c) as a result of the expansion of matter. ENTIRE...... building.
d) twenty billion year ago.
4.The sun in continuously ........ HURLING......... its
02.The text implies that: rays to our planet.
a) Energy and matter are the same thing.
b) Protons, neutrons, and electrons are not matter. 5.The explosion of the H-bomb over Hiroshima .....
c) energy can be transformed into matter. OCCURRED............. in 1945.
d) galaxies stopped expanding when energy cooled.
6.Scientists ...... REFER TO.............. this theory as the
03.The name Big Bang describes: Big Bang.
a) the explosion of a ball of compressed energy.
b) matter in the form of neutrons, protons, and 7.Her soup ....... COOLED......... while she was talking
electrons. on the telefone.
c) the combination of hydrogen and helium to form
galaxies. 8.There are ......... A FEW........ other theories about the
d) the hurling of energy into space. origin of the universe.

04.The Big Bang is a model because: 9.That fountain is a source of .......... PURE........ water.
a) it gives a conclusive explanation for the formation
of galaxies with stars and planets. 10.Water is formed by two .......... PARTICLES.........
b) it explains why hydrogen and helium combine. of hydrogen and one of oxygen.
c) astronomers use it to find time zero.
d) it tries to explain the formation of the universe. Responda Verdadeiro ou Falso:

05.The sentence that best summarizes the text is: 1.( V) The universe was formed due to a big explosion.
a) the Big Bang theory does not explain the evolution 2.( F) It is not possible for energy to became matter.
of the universe. 3.( V) t= 0 happened between 10 and 20 billion years
b) According to the Big Bang Theory, an explosion ago.
caused the formation of the 4.( V) At t= 0 there was only energy compressed into a
universe. ball.
4.(V ) Hydrogen and helium appeared after the Big
Bang.
GABARITO OFICIAL DA ATIVIDADE AVALIATIVA DE LÍNGUA ESTRANGEIRA MODERNA.

01. C
02. C
03. A
04. D
05. B

06.Fill in the blanks with these words from the text: COOLED - HURLING - PARTICLES - OCCURRED - COMPONENTS
- ENTIRE - PURE - BECAME - A FEW - REFER TO

1. COMPONENTS.
2. BECAME.
3. ENTIRE.
4. HURLING.
5. OCCURRED.
6. REFER TO.
7. COOLED.
8. A FEW.
9. PURE.
10. PARTICLES.

Responda Verdadeiro ou Falso:


1.(V)
2.(F)
3.(V)
4.(V)
5.(V)