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1

RESPOSTAS DOS PROBLEMAS PARES


Captulo 1
Os problemas do Captulo 1 se destinam
a discusses em grupos e ao estudo
individual. Normalmente, no h
soluo nica e os valores numricos
obtidos, caso existam, podem variar com
a fonte de dados utilizada. Assim no
so fornecidas respostas dos problemas
do Captulo 1.
Captulo 2
2.6
2.8
2.10
2.12
2.14
2.16
2.18
2.20
2.22
2.24
2.28
2.30
2.32

duas fases; no; trs fases, no


sim
195,6 N
9,5 m/s2; 10 kg, 98,1 N
8,23 lbf, 0,824 lb/ft3
12,825 ft/s2, 0,049 in.
68,67 N
33,39 lbf
2,905 m3
44 lbf/in2
100C; 20C; 0C; 17,78C;
40C; 273,15C
40F ou 40C
no

Captulo 3
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
3.10
3.12
3.14
3.16
3.18
3.20
3.22
3.24
3.26
3.28
3.30
3.32
3.34
3.36
3.38
3.40
3.42
3.44

1200 kJ
115,4 ft
1200 kJ
59,67 ft/s; 100,6 ft
68 kW
0,9089, 0,216 Btu
0,15 m3
12 kJ
80,47 kJ
1,843 kJ/kg
160,9 kJ, 400 kJ, 0 kJ, 239,1
kJ
0,27 hp, 115 rpm
$0,05
20, 70, 50, 30, 60,
40, 90, 50, 150, 80
8,44 kJ
350 kJ
3,8  105 kJ; $8,45
5,2 kW; 28.800 kJ
2,16 kJ
600 kJ; $0,027
1,96 ft
112,6 kPa, 68,89 J, 131,39 J

3.46
3.48
3.50
3.52
3.54
3.58
3.60
3.62

1000, 0; 500, 0; 50, 600;


50, 50; ciclo de potncia
8,28 kJ; 18,78 kJ; 36,9 kJ;
ciclo de potncia
10.000 kJ; 40%
40%
99,9 MW; 799,2  106 kW h/
ano; $63,94  106 ano
1428,6 kJ, 571,4 kJ
8 kW; $128/ms
$2,11 ms

Captulo 4
4.2

4.4
4.6
4.8
4.10
4.12
4.14
4.16
4.18
4.20
4.22
4.24
4.26
4.28
4.30

4.32

4.34
4.36
4.38
4.40
4.42
4.44
4.46
4.48
4.50
4.52
4.54

duas fases (lquido-vapor);


vapor superaquecido; lquido
comprimido; vapor superaquecido; slido
6,622 ft3/lb; 127,9F; 6,015 ft3/lb
67,5%; 100%
33,56%
0,159 m3
857,62 kPa
3 lb,64,27 lbf/in.2
0,642%
33,86 lbf/in.2, 153,13 lbf/in.2
3,05%
3,598 kJ/kg
3,96 Btu
1,012 Btu
10,38 bar, 32,21 kJ
25,43 ft3/lb, 1145,1 Btu/
lb;227,96F, 901,29 Btu/
lb;4,734 ft3/lb, 1478,05 Btu/lb;
885,6 lbf/in2, 1163,34 Btu/lb;
0,85 ft3/lb, 1312,3 Btu/lb; 247,1
lbf/in.2, 1,6813 ft3/lb; 0,1217
lbf/in.2 862,6 Btu/lb; 0,0176 ft3/
lb, 289,71 Btu/lb
100,56F, 0,2675 ft3/lb; 18,85
lbf/in2 615,2 Btu/lb;47,6 lbf/in2
108,8 Btu/lb
0,016527 ft3/lb, 172,6 Btu/lb
0,8477 m3/kg, 107,69 kJ/kg
2649 kJ
1,477  106 kJ
63,55 Btu
2,392 kJ/kg, 20,23 kJ/kg
846,5 kJ, 11.290 kJ
658,43 J
36,17 Btu; 71,05 Btu
35,6 kJ, 844,0 kJ, 228 kJ,
1036,4 kJ
5%

4.56
4.58
4.60
4.62
4.64
4.66
4.68
4.70
4.72
4.74
4.76
4.78
4.80
4.82

72F
0,103 m3
697 lbf/in2
120 kJ
8,248 kg
38,7%; 0,13%
460 K
relao entre massas especficas  0,138
662R, 26,48 lbf/in2
62,45 kJ/kg, 0
0,05 m3
1,041 kJ/kg K
32,88 kJ; 25,15 kJ; 27,25 kJ
12,1%

Captulo 5
5.2
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.10
5.12
5.14
5.16
5.18
5.20
5.22
5.24
5.26
5.28
5.30
5.32
5.34
5.36
5.38
5.40
5.42
5.44
5.46
5.48
5.50
5.52
5.54
5.56
5.58
5.60
5.62
5.64
5.66
5.68

10,2 lb/s; 0,079; 0,322


3,74 m/s; 0,6 cm
0,989 lb/s; 117,8 ft3/min; 13,41
ft/s
715 ft/s 399F
9780 ft3/h, 0,5 troca de ar/hora
664,1 m/s; 17 cm2, 6,2 cm2
1511 ft/s
8,35  103 ft2
125,8 m/s, 1,458
132,4F
7,53 kg/s, 0,108 m2
9,27  104 lb/h
19,35 bar
10.400 kg/s
1,91  106 lb/h; 6,93 ft
222,8 hp, 262 ft3/min
3,03 kW
6,42 kW
32,97 ft3/min
2,19 Btu/s, 3,1 hp
1,5 hp
358 lb/h; 1,792  105 Btu/h
56,1 kW
93,7F
1,71 lb/min, 50 gal
18,0 kg/s
7  103 m3/s
0,89 cm
0,30 (30%)
30,5C
320 Btu/lb
12,85 hp; $6133 ano
21,48 kJ/min; 5,47
7960 hp, 13.052 hp

Captulo 6
6.2
6.4
6.8
6.10
6.12
6.14
6.16
6.18
6.20
6.22
6.26
6.28
6.30
6.32
6.34
6.36
6.40
6.42
6.44

58,3 kJ/kg, 58,3 kJ/kg, no


sim, no
(TH  TC)/2; (TCTH)1/2
no; no; sim (a primeira lei)
irreversvel; reversvel; impossvel; irreversvel
952 K
900 K
alegao invlida
423F, 319 lbf/in2
6,7%; razo  0,3
alegao invlida
4,4 kW; 239,7 K
147,6 kg/h (por kW)
2,43 kW
0,76 hp; 0,6 hp; 0,3 hp
0,87 hp
$7,16/dia, $1,05/dia
17,6 cents/dia
$10,53/dia; $2,86/dia; $40/dia

7.50
7.52
7.54
7.56
7.58
7.60
7.62
7.64
7.66
7.68
7.70

7.72
7.74
7.76
7.78
7.80

Captulo 7
7.2
7.6
7.10
7.12
7.14
7.16

7.18
7.20
7.22
7.24
7.26
7.28
7.30
7.32
7.34
7.36
7.38
7.40
7.42
7.44
7.46
7.48

46,7%
F; F; F; F; F; V; F
6,6549 kJ/kg K; 1,303;
4,4468; 5,9734
4,9128 kJ/kg K; 0,4337;
0,97515
33,6C, 713,3 kJ/kg
Tabela de gases ideais: 0,24289
kJ/kg K;0,47632; 0,4769;
0,2701; 0,8373. Constante cp:
0,2431 kJ/kg K; 0,47684;
0,4862; 0,2696; 0,8389
1017F; 6,897 bar; 4,119 bar;
39F; 0,188 m3/kg
0,4995 kJ/kg K; 0,5028;
 0,5027
348,7 K
471,5 kJ, 2391,8 kJ
59,34 kJ/kg, 44,28 kJ/kg;
153,81 kJ/kg, 153,81 kJ/kg
5,97 bar; 189,6 kJ, 61,6 kJ;
0,1797 kJ/K
382,2R; 7,2%
; 0; ; ; ; indeterminado
sim
no
no, a partir do sistema
sim, a segunda lei
6,37  107 kW/K
8,83 kJ/K; 55,9 kJ/K
0,014 kW/K; 0,017 kW/K
500R; 1,5 atm; 4,6  103
Btu/R

7.82
7.84

7.86

7.88
7.90
7.92
7.94

no; sim, mas improvvel


323,8 kJ/kg; irreversvel
da direita para a esquerda; 
1740,8 kW
no
10 kW
41,33 Btu/lb, 0,057 Btu/lb R;
0,061 Btu/lb R
0,42 kW, 0,0286 kJ/kg K;
1,98  103 kW/K
30,01 kW; 4,23  103 kW/K
27,2 kg/min; 5,4  103 kW/K
50,4 kW, 0,403 kg/s; 0,0196
kW/K, 0,0152 kW/K
447,8 kJ/kg, 1,034 bar; 448,5
kJ/kg, 1,026 bar; 401,8 kJ/
kg,1,233 bar
0,958 bar, 619C; 2,11 kW/K
1020,5 kJ/kg; 89,8%
1439 ft/s
95,1%; 1,66  103 ft2
180,09 kW, 122C; 225,16 kW,
80%
620F, 0,0398 Btu/lb R
139,3 Btu/s; 0,0176 Btu/s R,
0,0054 Btu/s R,
0,0266 Btu/s R
57,37 Btu/lb, 57,37 Btu/lb,
 69,48 Btu/lb, 13,14 Btu/lb,
72,79 Btu/lb, 0
881,21 kJ/kg, 3,03 kJ/kg
944,3 kg/s
4,98 hp, maior
no

Captulo 8
8.2
8.10
8.14
8.16
8.18
8.20
8.22
8.26
8.28
8.30
8.32
8.34

251,8  103 kW; 39,7%; 6,53


 106 kg/h
25 m2/kW
7,075  108 Btu/h; 1,996  109
Btu/h; 35,4%; 1,72  104 ft3/min
8,161  104 kW; 32,2%;
7643 kW; 1963 kg/s
1175,1 kJ/kg; 3311,6 kJ/kg;
34,5%; 2136,5 kJ/kg
1,011  109 Btu/h; 4,20  108
Btu/h; 41,8%
44,9%, x4  0,8695
45,5%; 9,93  105 kg/h
7,36  108 Btu/h; 43,9%; 4,70
 107 lb/h
1268,3 kJ/kg; 47,6%; 1394,1
kJ/kg
243  103 kW; 41,2%; 6,144
 106 kg/h
36,8%; 1,17  106 kg/h

8.36
8.38
8.40
8.42
8.44
8.48
8.50
8.52
8.56
8.58
8.60

6,428  108 Btu/h; 38,3%;


5,175  107 lb/h
164,6 Btu/min, 27,8 Btu/min;
5,62
2,98 kW; 3,28 TR; 3,87
5,41 hp; 1229,3 Btu/min; 4,36
4,015; 15,51 TR
3,725 kW; 3,402 TR; 3,212
3,10; 4,564 TR
22,68 lb/min; 4133,2 Btu/min;
2,42; 84,1%
5,17 kW; 22,58 kW; 4,37;
63,5%
75,4%, 3,35
3,11 kW, 81%; 4,84

Captulo 9
9.2
9.6
9.8
9.12
9.14
9.18
9.20
9.22
9.24
9.26

9.28
9.30
9.36
9.38
9.40
9.42

9.44
9.46

805,2 kJ/kg; 57,5%; 1060 kPa


27,2 kW
4574,5R; 749,8 lbf/in2;
51,25%
90,84 Btu/lb; 56,5%, 151,4 lbf/
in2
0,812 Btu, 99,5 hp
20,46; 2,062; 64,7%; 803,9 kPa
50,11 Btu; 60,3%; 143,8 lbf/
in2; 2,47
15,58 Btu; 3005R; 56,5%;
101,4 lbf/in2
1301,5 K; 189,2 kPa; 297,5 kJ/
kg; 59,4%
1,846  102 kg; 10 kJ/ciclo,
4,084 kJ/ciclo, 5,916 kJ/ciclo,
59,2%
46,7%; 0,562; 1264 kW
47,9%; 1,08  106 lb/h; 2,49 
108 Btu/h
10.706 ft3/min; 1227R,
1347R; 35%
39,8%; decrscimo de 14,1%
13,15%; 71,2%; 9,57  106
Btu/h
22 kPa, 34,97 kPa, 419,64 kPa,
419,64 kPa, 158,62 kPa, 22
kPa;1009 m/s
1080 m/s
766,5 kPa; 1348 m/s

Captulo 10
10.4
10.6

10.8
10.10

1,67 bar, 1,11 bar


IT: 65,46F; 0,01539, 36,03
Btu/lb(a), 72,39F; 44,7%,
0,00973, 29,84 Btu/lb(a)
4,2 TR; 6,05 kW
IT: 38,21 kJ/kg(a); 0,00709 kg/
kg(a)

10.12
10.14
10.16
10.18
10.20
10.22
10.24
10.26

9,6C; 48,63 m3/min; 0,515 kg/


min; 804,1 kJ/min
12,3C; 0,0144 kg/kg(a)
31,75 Btu/s; 0,0149 lb/s; 48,7%
787,5 Btu/min; 0,1078 lb/min
76%; 20C
81,8%, 14,4C
290, 460 lb/h
6790 lb(a)/min, 15.178 lb/min

12.52
12.54
12.56
12.58

12.60
12.62
12.64

Captulo 11
11.2
11.4
11.6
11.8
11.10
11.12
11.14
11.16
11.18
11.20
11.22
11.24
11.26
11.28
11.30
11.32

manomtrica: 60,6 MPa, 8790


psi
7,7 psi
60 kPa
18,2 ft; 8,73 psi; 21,7 psi
0,317 ft
1,55 slug/ft3
34,2 graus
11.400 lbf
1,48 MN, yR  13,4 m
1350 lbf
314 kN, 497 kN
1680 lbf
488 lbf
17,2 mm
0,394 ft
56.300 lbf, yR  13,33 ft

Captulo 12
12.2
12.4
12.6
12.8
12.10
12.12
12.14
12.16
12.18
12.20
12.22
12.24
12.26
12.28
12.30
12.32
12.34
12.36
12.38
12.40
12.42
12.44
12.46
12.48
12.50

6,72  102 N/m2


286 N
1,70 ft/s
lado direito; 4,09 lbf
3,94 ft3/s
2,69 lbf
234 lbf
38.600 lbf, 10.800 lbf
352 lbf
25.700 N, 3520 N
61,5 N/m2; 45,5 N/m2
138 ft; 0,909 ft
162 ft
V2  [2g(m/  1)h/(1  (D2/
D1)4)]1/2
0,123 ft3/s
6,10  103 m3/s
a jusante
0,881 ft3/s
4,08 hp; 9,94 ft
28,0 hp
14.500 ft lbf/s
0,763 ft3/s
54,1 ft; 2750 lbf/ft2; 46,3 ft3/s
17,6 ft
1 km

26,46 lbf/in2
438,6 K; 561,6 m/s; 0,626 kg/s
0,4047 kg/s; 0,5943 kg/s
a 80 lbf/in2: 800,5 ft/s, 0,577,
1,868  102 ft2
a 40 lbf/in2: 1544,8 ft/s, 1,224,
1,591  102 ft2
4,214 bar
1,8066 bar; 2,873 bar; 461,4 K
547 K; 3,796 bar; 0,661 bar;
2,387 bar; 3,086 bar; 547 K;
0,498 kg/s; 9,84  102 m2

Captulo 13
13.2
13.4

no; sim; no; no


/d12 V 2   (d2/d1, Vd1/)

13.6

/V 2 21  (V/c, i/1)


W /D 5 3  (Q/D3 )

13.8
13.10
13.12
13.16
13.18
13.20
13.22
13.24
13.26
13.28

p/V2  0,505 (D/d)3,99 para


1,33 D/d 3,33
a presso dobra
8,65  102 ft/s
5,48 ft3/min
400 km/h; 170 N
4,50 mph; 8,00 ft
h/H  (d/H, b/H, g/ s, V/
(gH)1/2); 5,00 lbf/ft3
3,20 lbf
0,0809 lbf/ft2

Captulo 14
14.2
14.4
14.6
14.8
14.10
14.12
14.14
14.16
14.18
14.20
14.22
14.24
14.26
14.28
14.30
14.32
14.34
14.36
14.38
14.40
14.42
14.44
14.46
14.48

0,0883 m
80 xfd 480 in
1,055 D
0 h 0,509 m
0,0300
15,9 kN/m2
35,5 ft
0,0326, laminar
56,7
0,581 ft; 3,88 ft; 0,97 ft
84,0 ft
0,750 lbf/in2
bomba, 127 hp
1,07  104 m3/s
0,0494 ft3/s
88,5 N
0,109 ft
0,0130 m, 0,0183 m
b  0,707 a
24.500 lbf
15.900 N m
558 N
162 ft lbf
1,06 m/s

14.50
14.52
14.54
14.56
14.58
14.60

2,15 lbf, 215 lbf


153 mph; 80,5 mph
0,526 hp, 2,06 hp
0,288
146 mph
sim

Captulo 15
15.2
15.4
15.6
15.8
15.10
15.12
15.14
15.16
15.20
15.22

378C
0,10 W/m K
2,94 W
15 mW
0,35 W, 5,25 W
726 W, 547 W
18,4 kW, 10,9 kW
788 vs. 709 W
364 K, 380 K
345C

Captulo 16
16.2
16.4
16.6
16.8
16.10
16.12
16.14
16.16
16.18
16.20
16.22
16.24
16.26
16.28
16.30
16.32
16.34
16.36
16.38
16.40
16.44
16.46
16.48

16.50
16.54
16.56
16.58
16.60
16.62

5000 W/m2; 225C; 20C;


85C; 30C
2,0  105 W/m3
1,0  106 W/m3; 120C, 1,0 
104 K/m, 1,0  105 K/m2
43C; 208C
14,1 W/m2
0,185 k/W
86 mm
1270 W/m2
762 W
49C
778 W/m; 400 K
2377 W/m
11 mm
13,5 mm; 91%
489 W; 120C
250C
212C
1826 A
530C, 380C
369 A
36,6C, 129,4C; 337,7C
300C
144 W/m, 0,92, 19,2, 0,52 m
K/W, 96,0C; 151 W/m, 0,96,
20,1, 0,50 m K/W, 95,6C;
450 W/m, 0, 60,0, 0,167 m K/
W, 25C
0,778, 6,0, 216 W/m; 0,99, 7,6,
273 W/m
305C, 272C
1315%
50,9 W
0,312 h
7,0 h

16.64
16.66
16.68
16.70
16.72
16.74
16.76
16.78
16.80
16.82
16.84
16.86
16.88
16.90
16.92

968 s; 456C
88 min
0,0041 m2 K/W
65,1C
1,67 h
861 s
2,4 h
1100 s
46,5 min
7,3 mm/s
515 K
4,85 s, 67,8C
1793 s
2,81 min; 86C
53,5C

Captulo 17
17.2

17.4
17.6
17.8
17.10
17.12

17.14
17.16
17.18
17.20
17.22
17.24
17.26
17.28
17.30
17.32
17.34
17.36
17.38

3802, 6,29  104, 0,71; 690,


1,82  103, 6403; 163, 1,17 
106, 5,84
10,9 W/m2 K, 1,0
4/3
20,9 m/s
30,8 m/s, 4112 W
3,99, 4,48; 0,93, 0,52; 23,5,
1,27 mm; 9,76, 19,5; 1977,
3954, 191, 382 W/m2 K
6780 W
90,7 kW/m
2137 W
13.580, 9820, 5560 W/m
1370 W, 1440 W
8,73, 14,5, 11,1 W/m2 K
8,71  105 W/m3, 158C
266 K
27C; 77C
71,1; 20.438; 1639 W/m
235 W/m2 K; 0,868 W; 1,019 W
27,6C; 27,6C
45,8C; 68,3C

17.40
17.42
17.44
17.46
17.48
17.50
17.52
17.54
17.56
17.58
17.60
17.62
17.64
17.66
17.68
17.70
17.72
17.74
17.76
17.78
17.80
17.82
17.84
17.86
17.88
17.90
17.92
17.94
17.96
17.98
17.100
17.102
17.104
17.106
17.108
17.110

603 K
3,14 W
18,7C; 672C
337C; 197 s
2,48  104, 1,82; 0,183, 1,06;
0,111, 16,8 m
471,2 W; 60C, 153,4C
1281 W, 15,4 m
6,87  102 kg/s, 15,3 m, 30,8
mm
379 K, 406 K
1,8 m
10,6 m
47,5C, 188 kW
1,56 m; 28,3 dias
5,3  102 kg/s; 1399 K; 888 K
198C, 71,1 N/m2, 221 W;
195C, 119 N/m2, 415 W
2724 W, 312 K
87,7 m; x  L, 48,2C
9326 W/m2 K, 1957 W/m2 K
13,7 m
10.027 W; 3,4 m
100 m; 12 m
122 W/m; 23,5 mm; 390 W/m,
4,7 mm, 5,3 mm
1,78 W
347 W/m2 K
90,2 W
62C
99C
100 W a 60C
64,8C
1,6 W; 187 W; 57 W
2W
581C; 183 s
135 W/m2 K
6610 W/m2 K; 3249 W/m2 K
6,63 m, 35,1C
50C; 61,7C

17.112
17.116
17.118
17.120
17.122
17.124

3,09 m2; 2,64 m2


7600 W, 48,1C; 40,3 m
26,8C
39,9 m2
1,53 m2
33,4 m2

Captulo 18
18.2
18.4
18.6
18.8
18.10
18.12
18.14
18.16
18.18
18.20
18.22
18.24
18.26
18.28
18.30
18.32
18.34
18.36
18.38
18.40
18.42
18.44
18.46
18.48
18.50
18.52
18.54
18.58
18.60
18.62

1450 W/m2; 1180 W/m2; 270


W/m2
7348 W/m2
6,30  107 W/m2; 5774 K; 0,5
m; 278 K
5,60%
0,352
0,636; 307,5 kW/m2
7500 W/m2; 2250 W/m2; 0,30
0,774, 0,10
0,383; 0,958, 0,240
0,839, 0,568
800 K
48,5C
57,9C, 71,7C; 0,329, 0,217
0,51 min
439 K
269 K
0,62
1
0,09
0,0492 kg/s m
7,24 W; 3,53 W
0,162 W
13,4 W, 6825 W/m2
1,58 W; 0,986
30,2 W/m
1,1  104 kg/s
548 K, 474 K
89,8 mW
423 K
1225 K, 1167 K