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z=1
z=0
z = -3
z = -8

2 3


y
z = -8

z=2
z=1
z=0
z = -1
z = -2

y
z=0

z=0

z = -8

1
1/2

z=1


_
z = 3 /2 0,87


y

z=1_
z = 7 /4 0,66


y

y
z=0
z = -2

z=1

z=0
z=2
z=3

z=2
z = -1 z = 1
z=0
z=0
z=1

z=2

z = -1
z = -2

uOFXOR  4 VHPHVWUH GH  7XUPD & 6HJXQGD OLVWD GH H[HUFurFLRV


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y

z = 1/5
z = 1/2

z=1


z = -4
z = -3
z=0
z=5

y
_
z = 3
_
z = 2

z=1
0

z = 1/2
z = 0 z = 1/5

(2,0)

z=0