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3&& 6,67(0$6 35(',$,6 ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


JXD FRPR DJHQWH H[WLQWRU
? (OHYDGR FDORU HVSHFtILFR H ODWHQWH ? %DL[R FXVWR 0pWRGRV GH H[WLQomR XVDQGR iJXD
UHVIULDPHQWR MDWR VyOLGR QD EDVH GR IRJR  FKRTXH SUHVVmR H YD]mR DGHTXDGDV  MDWR HP SHTXHQDV JRWtFXODV  UHWLUD FDORU GR DPELHQWH HQFKDUFDPHQWR DEDIDPHQWR H VXIRFDomR iJXD SDUD YDSRU  YROXPH DXPHQWD  YH]HV H[SXOVmR GR DU GR DPELHQWH DJHQWH VXIRFDGRU OtTXLGRV SHVDGRV GLOXLomR RX HPXOVLILFDomR iJXD GLOXtGD HP OtTXLGR LQIODPiYHO
3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,
2

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


JXD FRPR DJHQWH H[WLQWRU FRQW
(YLWDU iJXD FRPR DJHQWH
HTXLSDPHQWRV HOpWULFRV FHUWRV PDWHULDLV  FDUERQHWRV  SHUy[LGRV  VyGLR PHWiOLFR PDWHULDLV HPSLOKDGRV  WHQVmR VXSHUILFLDO REMHWRV IUiJHLV  MDWR VyOLGR

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


(OHPHQWRV GR VLVWHPD GH KLGUDWHV

5(6(59$75,2

6,67(0$ '( 35(6685,=$d2

&$1$/,=$d2

(6*8,&+2 -$72 )2*2

6,67(0$ '( &20$1'2

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


6LVWHPDV GH +LGUDQWHV
5HGH 3~EOLFD GH +LGUDQWHV
UHGH S~EOLFD GH DEDVWHFLPHQWR GH iJXD SRXFD FRQILDELOLGDGH GH DEDVWHFLPHQWR

5HGH 3ULYDGD GH +LGUDQWHV


UHGH LQWHUQD H H[WHUQD DRV HGLItFLRV UHVHUYDomR  SUHVVXUL]DomR  UHGH GH GLVWULEXLomR  SRQWRV WHUPLQDLV

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


6LVWHPDV GH +LGUDQWHV 7LSRV GH 6LVWHPDV GH 5HVHUYDomR

6LVWHPDV FRP 5HVHUYD GH iJXD SDUD LQFrQGLR HP UHVHUYDWyULR LQIHULRU ERPED GH LQFrQGLR  WDQTXH GH SUHVVmR ERPED GH LQFrQGLR  ERPED MRFNH\ 8WLOL]DomR FRQMXQWR GH HGLILFDo}HV HGLILFDo}HV KRUL]RQWDLV LQGXVWULDLV HWF 6LVWHPDV FRP 5HVHUYD GH iJXD SDUD LQFrQGLR HP UHVHUYDWyULR VXSHULRU JUDYLGDGH FHQWUDO  UDPLILFDGR  JUDYLGDGH  ERPED GH LQFrQGLR 8WLOL]DomR HGLItFLRV YHUWLFDLV HGLItFLRV LQGXVWULDLV HWF
3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,
6

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


$OLPHQWDomR SRU ERPED GH LQFrQGLR  UHGH KRUL]RQWDO FHQWUDOL]DGD H SUHVVXUL]DGD FRP WDQTXH GH SUHVVmR

FRQVXPR UHV LQFrQGLR

7DQTXH GH SUHVVmR %RPED GH LQFrQGLR

5HVHUYDWyULR LQIHULRU

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


5HVHUYDWyULR ,QIHULRU %RPED GH LQFrQGLR

%RPED -RFNH\

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV 5HVHUYDWyULR


VXSHULRU FRQVXPR UHVHUYD GH LQFrQGLR

$OLPHQWDomR SRU JUDYLGDGH  UHGH KRUL]RQWDO

UHFDOTXH

FRQVXPR 5HVHUYDWyULR LQIHULRU

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


$OLPHQWDomR SRU *UDYLGDGH  5HGH 9HUWLFDO
5HVHUYDWyULR VXSHULRU FRQVXPR UHVHUYD GH LQFrQGLR

UHFDOTXH

FRQVXPR %RPEDV GH UHFDOTXH 5HVHUYDWyULR LQIHULRU

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

10

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


UHVHUYDWyULRVXSHULRU

$OLPHQWDomR SRU *UDYLGDGH H ERPED GH LQFrQGLR

FRQVXPR UHVHUYDGHLQFrQGLR

ERPEDGHLQFrQGLR

FKDYHGHIOX[R

H X T O D F H U

FRQVXPR

ERPEDVGHLQFrQGLR UHVHUYDWyULRLQIHULRU

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

11

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


&RPSRQHQWHV GR 6LVWHPD GH +LGUDQWHV
6LVWHPD GH 5HVHUYDomR H 3UHVVXUL]DomR 5HVHUYDWyULR HQWHUUDGR  HOHYDGR ERPEDV SULQFLSDO  MRFNH\ H WDQTXH GH SUHVVmR FRPDQGR GR VLVWHPD  FKDYH GH IOX[R  ERWRHULD  SUHVVRVWDWR  SDLQHO 5HGH GH WXEXODo}HV FRQH[}HV  UHJLVWURV GH IHFKDPHQWR H PDQREUD KLGUDQWHV DEULJR UHJLVWUR GH PDQREUD KLGUDQWH  PDQJXHLUD  PDQJRWLQKR HVJXLFKR ORFDO  UHTXLQWH IRUPD GR MDWR 
12

6LVWHPD GH DOLPHQWDomR

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


'LPHQVLRQDPHQWR GDV 5HGHV GH +LGUDQWHV
  &ODVVLILFDomR GH 5HGH 7XEXODo}HV 5HGH DEHUWD  6LVWHPD 5DPLILFDGR 5HGH )HFKDGD  6LVWHPD HP PDOKD 5HGH PLVWD  5DPLILFDGR  0DOKD

  (TXDo}HV %iVLFDV SDUD D DQiOLVH GH UHGH  (TXDo}HV GH EDODQFHDPHQWR GDV MXQo}HV  (TXDo}HV GH SHUGD GH FDUJD GH FRQGXWRV  (TXDo}HV GH EDODQFHDPHQWR GRV DQpLV

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

13

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


(TXDo}HV GH %DODQFHDPHQWR GDV -XQo}HV
3ULQFtSLR GD &RQVHUYDomR GH PDVVD
4

4 + 4  + 4  = 4 
4

4 4

4 = 
FRQYHQomR GH VLQDO

(TXDo}HV GH SHUGD GH FDUJD GH FRQGXWRV

/ Y K=I KLM = 5 LM 4LM ' J


UHJLPHV GH HVFRDPHQWR I
3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

K p R IDWRU GH DWULWR IXQomR GR Q~PHUR GH 5H\QROGV H GD UXJRVLGDGH UHODWLYD Y p D YHORFLGDGH PpGLD / p R FRPSULPHQWR WRWDO ' p R GLkPHWUR

ODPLQDU FUtWLFR WXUEXOHQWR

KLGUDXOLFDPHQWH OLVR KLGUDXOLFDPHQWH PLVWR KLGUDXOLFDPHQWH UXJRVR

14

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


(TXDo}HV GH %DODQFHDPHQWR GH $QpLV

LM

SHUGDV GH FDUJD QRV WUHFKRV GR DQHO

&RQYHQomR GH VLQDO

5HVROXomR GR VLVWHPD GH HTXDo}HV (TXDo}HV QmR OLQHDUHV (TXDo}HV GH MXQo}HV H GH DQpLV

0pWRGRV XWLOL]DGRV +DUG\  &URVV   1HZWRQ  5DSKVRQ   7HRULD /LQHDU   1HZWRQ PRGLILFDGR JDUDQWLU D FRQYHUJrQFLD  (OHPHQWRV ILQLWRV  
15

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


5HGHV UDPLILFDGDV FRP YiULRV KLGUDQWHV HP XVR VLPXOWkQHR
5HVHUYDWyULR VXSHULRU

)RUPXODomR
2 + = N UHT . 45

=% =  = 3G

+ = +

OW GW +

+

4 4 4 4

+ + +

+

+

RQGH NUHT p R FRHILFLHQWH GH SHUGD GH FDUJD QR UHTXLQWH


2 + = + + N 5 . 45

+

+ +

+


N 5 = NW + N P
O N W = ( W + I W . G ). J 28.G 4
W W W

+ p D FDUJD HP PFD O p R FRPSULPHQWR G p R GLkPHWUR 4 p D YD]mR + D + VmR RV KLGUDQWHV

OP N P = I P . . J 28.G 4 P GP
RQGH R tQGLFH W UHIHUHVH j WXEXODomR R tQGLFH P UHIHUHVH j PDQJXHLUD 16

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


5HGHV UDPLILFDGDV FRP YiULRV KLGUDQWHV HP XVR VLPXOWkQHR
3DUD R HVTXHPD DQWHULRU VHJXLUHPRV R URWHLUR SURSRVWR 7UDWDVH GH SURFHVVR LWHUDWLYR 5RWHLUR 3DVVR  + 4 = = % + (=1 2 + = 23 + = 3 4 ) +
1/ 2 1 .+ 4 44 = N UHT

1/ 2

3DVVR  3DVVR  3DVVR 

2 +4 = +4 + N 5 . 44
2 + 3 = + 4 = 3 4 + NF . 44

RQGH R tQGLFH F UHIHUHVH DR FRQGXWR RQGH


N5 = N 5 + N UHT

1 1 / 2 43 = . + 3 N 5

1/ 2

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

17

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


5HGHV UDPLILFDGDV FRP YiULRV KLGUDQWHV HP XVR VLPXOWkQHR
3DVVR  3DVVR  3DVVR  3DVVR 

+ 2 = + 3 = 2 3 + NF (43 + 44 )
42 = ( 1 1/ 2 1/ 2 ) . + 2 N5

+1 = + 2 =1 2 + NF .(42 + 43 + 44 ) 2 1 41 = . +1 N 5 +1 = N UHT . 412


18
1/ 2

3DVVR 

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


5HGHV UDPLILFDGDV FRP YiULRV KLGUDQWHV HP XVR VLPXOWkQHR
3DVVR 
=%

4
O% G%

4 = 4L
L =1

+

4

+1" = = % N % . 4 2
R tQGLFH % UHIHUHVH DR EDUULOHWH

3DVVR 

+1 +1" 2.! +1 + 1" UHLQLFLDU R SURFHVVR


REV FRHILFLHQWH GH SHUGD GH FDUJD HP VLQJXODULGDGH WDEHODGRV

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,

19

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


([HPSOR
'LPHQVLRQDPHQWR GH VLVWHPD GH KLGUDQWHV SRU JUDYLGDGH


5HVHUYDWyULR VXSHULRU FRQVXPR UHVHUYD GH LQFrQGLR

  

+ + + + + + + + +

  

 

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,



KLGUDQWH GH SDVVHLR

20

6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV GH &RPEDWH D ,QFrQGLRV  +LGUDQWHV


'DGR R HVTXHPD DQWHULRU YHULILFDU VHX GLPHQVLRQDPHQWR VHJXQGR DV QRUPDV GR &% GH 63 5HVROXomR $WHQGHUVHi D FRQGLomR GH DEDVWHFLPHQWR SRU JUDYLGDGH DRV KLGU$QWHV VROLFLWDGRV GDGRV GDGRV ULVFR D SURWHJHU 5HVLGHQFLDO Q WRWDO GH KLGUDQWHV  iUHD GH FRQVWUXomR  P SUHVVmR QR KLGUDQWH PDLV GHVI PFD YROXPH GH UHVHUYD SDUD FRPEDWH D LQFrQGLR VXILFLHQWH SDUD WHQGHU D YD]mR SRU  PLQ IP  IW  NUHT  VHQGR 4 HP PV H + HP PFD
21

FRQGLo}HV

FRQKHFLGRV

3&&  6LVWHPDV 3UHGLDLV ,