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Cincias da Natureza Sade individual e comunitria 9.

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1. Define:
1.1. Sade individual;
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1.2. Sade comunitria;
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1.3. Indicadores de sade;
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1.4. Factores determinantes da sade;
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1.5. Atitudes promotoras de sade (APS);


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1.6. Higiene.
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2. Os centros de sade so fundamentais na prtica da medicina preventiva, como, por exemplo,
vacinaes, rastreios clnicos e assistncia materno-infantil. Os rastreios mais vulgares na
consulta mdica so a medio da presso arterial e a auscultao respiratria e cardaca.
2.1. Quais as vantagens da administrao de vacinas para:
2.1.1.

o indivduo?

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2.1.2.

a populao?

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2.2. Qual a importncia dos rastreios de rotina?


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2.3. Que grupo de doenas pode ser prevenido pela medicao frequente de presso arterial?
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2.4. O atendimento a jovens deve ser uma prioridade dos centros de sade. Relaciona este
procedimento com a diminuio de gravidezes indesejadas.
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3. Atribui s seguintes afirmaes as letras V ou F consoante elas sejam verdadeiras ou falsas.
3.1. O vesturio e o calado devem ser bastante quentes e apertados, para impedir a entrada de
micrbios prejudiciais ao organismo. ____
3.2. A poluio influencia a sade do indivduo. ____
3.3. A adopo de estilos de vida mais saudveis inclui o tabagismo e o alcoolismo. ____
3.4. A educao e o saneamento bsico so factores de sade comunitria. ____
3.5. Dormir horas suficientes e praticar uma alimentao equilibrada so atitudes promotoras
de sade. ____
3.6. A Organizao Mundial de Sade (OMS) um organismo nacional. ____
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4. Torna verdadeiras as afirmaes que assinalaste como falsas na questo anterior


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5. Observa o seguinte esquema.

5.1. O que representa o esquema?


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5.2. Retira do esquema dois elementos que afectam a sade:


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5.2.1.

individual;

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5.2.2.

comunitria;

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5.3. Indica outros trs elementos que poderiam estar tambm representados no esquema.
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5.4. Com base nas imagens do esquema, constri duas frases de APS (atitudes promotoras de
sade) sobre:
5.4.1.

higiene;

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5.4.2.

tabaco;

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5.4.3.

alimentao;

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5.4.4.

poluio.
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Bom trabalho!