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Nome: _________________________________________n______9 ano ___ data:___/____/2014

TER DE INGLS 9 ANO 1 BIMESTRE - 2014


THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

O TEMPO PRESENTE PERFEITO


Expressa uma ao no passado sem tempo determinado, ou uma ao no passado que continua no presente.
FORMAO DO PRESENT PERFECT
VERBO AUXILIAR HAVE + VERBO NO PARTICPIO.
Conjugao - to go
Affirmative form
I have gone (Ive gone) It has gone (Its gone)
You have gone (Youve gone) We have gone (Weve gone)
He has gone (Hes gone) You have gone (Youve gone)
She has gone (Shes gone) They have gone (Theyve gone)

Negative form
I havent gone SINCE (desde) / FOR (por) - para expressar aes
You havent gone que comearam no passado e continuam at o
He hasnt gone presente) - Ex: I havent gone there since 1987.(Eu
She hasnt gone no vou l desde 1987.)
Ex.: I have lived for 20 years. (Eu moro
It hasnt gone aqui h 20 anos.)
We havent gone SO FAR - Ex: We havent had problems so far. (No
You havent gone temos tido problemas at agora.)
They havent gone Observao: A traduo desse tempo verbal
depende do contexto.
V- Frases que se referem a um perodo de tempo
Interrogative form que ainda no terminou no momento da fala:
TODAY - Ex: I havent seen John today. (Eu no vi
Have I gone? John hoje.)
Have You gone? THIS MORNING - Ex: Have you seen John this
Has He gone? morning? (Voc viu John esta manh?)
Has She gone? THIS AFTERNOON - Ex: Have you seen Mary this
afternoon? (Voc viu Mary esta tarde?)
Has It gone? THIS YEAR - Ex: We havent gone there this year.
Have We gone? (Ns no fomos l este ano.)
Have You gone? VI- Frases que indicam a ordem de ocorrncia de
Have They gone? uma ao no passado:
THE FIRST TIME - Ex: It was the first time Ive gone
there. (Foi a primeira vez que eu fui l.)
QUANDO USAR O PRESENT PERFECT? THE SECOND TIME - Ex: It was the second time Ive
I- Aes que acabaram de ocorrer. Ex: I have cut gone there.(Foi a segunda vez que eu fui l.)
myself! (Eu me cortei!) Quando NO utilizar o Present Perfect:
II- Se no for mencionado, na frase, quando a ao 1- Se, na frase, for mencionado o tempo da
ocorreu. Ex: We have arrived. (Ns chegamos.) ocorrncia.
III- Frases no passado contendo as seguintes Ex: They arrived yesterday. (Eles chegaram
palavras ontem.)
JUST (j, acabou) - usado para se referir a uma 2- Em frases onde evidente que a ao ocorreu h
ao que aconteceu num passado bem recente. muito tempo (mesmo quando no mencionado
Ex.: Anas just arrived from work . (Ana acabou de o tempo da ocorrncia). Ex: Shakespeare wrote
chegar do trabalho)
many plays .(Shakespeare escreveu muitas peas.
ALREADY ( j) - usado em frases afirmativas e
interrogativas para se referir a uma ao que ocorreu
antes do esperado. Ex: Have you already washed
the car? (Voc j lavou o carro?)
YET (j, ainda) usado em frases interrogativas e
negativas, quando o falante est na espectativa de
que algo acontea. Ex: I havent gone there yet. (Eu
no fui l ainda.)
ALWAYS (sempre) - Ex: Ive always lived in Brazil.
(Eu sempre morei no Brasil.)
EVER (j) usado em frases interrogativas. (Ex:
Have you ever gone to U.S.A? (Voc j foi a U.S.A?)
NOTE: EVER aqui tem o sentido de alguma vez
NEVER (nunca) - usado em frases negativas. Ex:
Ive never gone to New York. (Eu nunca fui a New
York.)
IV- Frases contendo palavras que indicam perodo
de tempo passado:
RECENTLY - Ex: I havent seen Peter recently. (Eu
no tenho visto Peter recentemente.)
FOR A LONG TIME - Ex: I havent seen him for a
long time. (Eu no o vejo h muito tempo.)
EXERCISES
I- Use the words in brackets to build sentences in the appropriate verb tense.
1- Pamela / work / in a supermarket ( on Saturdays)
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2- my friends / see / that film ( already )
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3- Gary and Paul / swim / in the pool ( at the moment )
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4- Richards father / get up / before 7 oclock ( always)
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5- we / not / go / to the theatre ( last night )
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6- you / visit / Poland ? ( ever )


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7- it / not / rain ( tomorrow )
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8- Brian and Claire / get married ( ten years ago )
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9- people / travel / to the moon ( in 20 years )
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10- I / walk / to school ( often )
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II- Fill in the blanks in the sentences with the verbs in the brackets by using PRESENT
PERFECT TENSE; and if it is necessary fill in the blanks with FOR or SINCE.

David ______________ (BUY) The bank ________________ My father________________


me a diamond ring. (NOT/OPEN) yet (CUT) his finger.

Betty___________________ Susan___________(SMOKE) a _________ you ever________


NOT/BRUSH) her hair lot of fags today. (TRAVEL) by plane?
. this morning.

III- FOR or SINCE?


1- I haven't phoned home_________________Christmas.
2- We've been here ___________________ nine o'clock.
3- I have worked for International House _____________ more than eight years.
4- I haven't visited my home town_________________ I left school.
5- I haven't been to the cinema ________________ ages.
6- I have studied non-stop___________9.15.
7- I have had a driving licence_______________I was eighteen.
8- She hasn't had a day off ________________1999.
9- Johan has been in England______________more than two weeks now.
10- Peter has been my best friend________________we were nine.