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AMEI Escolar

Ingls
7 Ano
Grammar
Prepositions of place
The ball is near the tree.
A bola est perto da rvore.

The ball is outside the box.


A bola est fora da caixa.

The box is next to the tree.


A caixa est ao lado da rvore.

Contedos desta unidade:


Prepositions of place;
Comparative of the
adjectives;
Relative pronons;
Telling the time;
Past Simple;
Modal verbs;
Comparative and
superlative of
superiority;
Past Continuous.

The ball is behind the box.


A bola est atrs da caxa.

The paper is in the file.


O papel est no (dentro de) ficheiro.
The paper is inside the file.
O papel est dentro do ficheiro.

The ball is in front of the tree.


A bola est frente da rvore.

The paper is on the desk.


O papel est na (em cima de) secretria.

The ball is under the desk.


O bola est debaixo da secretria.

The tree is beside the box.


A rvore est lado a lado com a caixa.

Comparative of the adjectives


Comparative of superiority
Para formar o comparativo de superioridade dos
adjectivos com apenas uma slaba, acrescentase -er ao adjectivo.

Vocabulary:
than - do que

Mary-Kate is younger than Ashley.


No caso dos adjectivos com duas slabas,
terminados em -y, o -y transforma-se em -i e
acrescenta-se -er> -ier.
Alanis is happier than Wade.
No caso dos adjectivos com apenas uma slaba, com vogal entre duas
consoantes, dobra a ltima consoante e acrescenta-se -er.
Mary-Kate is thinner than Ashley.

Todos os adjectivos com duas ou mais slabas formam o comparativo


de superioridade com a palavra more antes do adjectivo.
Mary-Kate is more beautiful than Ashley.
H adjectivos que so considerados irregulares: good - better, bad worse e far - further, farther.
Comparative of equality:
Para formar o comparativo de igualdade dos adjectivos, coloca-se o
adjectivo entre as expresses as as.
Mary-Kate is as nice as Ashley.
Aaron is as handsome as his brother.
Comparative of inferiority:
Para formar o comparativo de igualdade dos adjectivos, coloca-se o
adjectivo entre as expresses isnt as as ou coloca-se a
expresso less antes do adjectivo.
Mary-Kate isnt as interesting as her sister.
Aaron is less tall than her twin-sister.

Relative pronons
A teacher is someone who explains and teaches
things to students.
A book is something which is used to student.
A hospital is the place where sick people stay.
Who, which e where significam que e so usados, respectivamente
para se refeir a pessoas, a coisas/objectos e animais e a lugares.

Telling the time

To

Past

Quando nos referimos a uma hora certa utilizamos a expresso


oclock.
06:00 - Its six oclock.
Quando nos referimos a uma hora cujo os minutos se situam entre 1
e 29 utilizamos a expresso past, que se traduz por passa(m)
das. Assim, contamos os minutos que passam da hora no decorrer.
07:22 - Its twenty-two past seven.
(Passam vinte e dois minutos das sete.)
Quando nos referimos a uma hora e meia utilizamos a expresso
half past.
18:30 - Its a half past six.
Quando nos referimos a uma hora cujo os minutos se situam entre
entre 31 e 59 utilizamos a expresso to, que se traduz por
falta(m) para. Assim, contamos os minutos que faltam para a
hora seguinte.
03:55 - Its five to four.
(Faltam cinco minutos para as quarto.)

Quando nos referimos a uma hora e um quarto ou a uma hora


menos um quarto utilizamos na mesma a expresso past e to mais a
expresso a quarter.
02:45 - Its a quarter to three.
15:15 - Its a quarter past three.

Quando nos referimos a uma hora que entre a meia-noite e o


meio-dia utilizamos a expresso a.m. Quando nos referimos a uma
hora que entre o meio-dia e a meia-noite utilizamos a expresso
p.m. Quando utilizamos estas duas expresses no utilizamos a
expresso oclock.
05:00 - Its five a.m.
17:00 - Its five p.m.

Past Simple
Utiliza-se o Past Simple para nos referirmos a aces que
aconteceram e treminaram no passado.
Os advrbios e as expresses utilizadas com o Past Simple so:
yesterday - ontem
last night/week/month/year/summer/... - na noite/na
semana/no ms/ no ano/no Vero/... passado(a)
3 days/2 monts/5 years/... ago - 3 dias/2 meses/5 anos/...
atrs
...
Para formar a afirmativa dos verbos regulares no Past Simple
estuda com ateno as regras do quadro.
Rule:
Regra Geral: acrescenta-se -ed.
Quando termina em -e acrescenta-se
-d.
Quando termina em vogal + y
acrescenta-se -ed.
Quando termina em consoante + y,
o y passa a i e acrecenta-se -ed.

Example:
Last week, Susana painted a poster.
Yesterday, I used your pencil.
Last month, Jude stayed at hospital.
Last night, I studied English.

Para formar a afirmativa dos verbos irregulares no Past Simple


temos de conhecer a lista dos verbos (anexo). Os mais importantes a
decorar so os verbos TO BE e TO DO.

I
You
She, He, It
We
You
They

I
You
She, He, It
We
You
They

TO BE
Affirmative
Negative
was
wasnt / was not
were
werent / were not
was
wasnt / was not
were
werent / were not
were
werent / were not
were
werent / were not
TO DO
Affirmative
Negative
did
didnt / did not
did
didnt / did not
did
didnt / did not
did
didnt / did not
did
didnt / did not
did
didnt / did not

Interrogative
Was I?
Were you?
Was she, he, it?
Were we?
Were you?
Were they?
Interrogative
Did I?
Did you
Did she, he, it?
Did we
Did you?
Did they?

Para formar a negativa dos verbos regulares e irregulares no Past


Simple utiliza-se o verbo auxiliar didnt mais o verbo principal no
infinitivo.
The teacher didnt close the door.
John didnt go to Japan.
Para formar a interrogativa dos verbos regulares e irregulares no
Past Simple colocamos o verbo auxiliar did mais o nome ou
pronome mais o verbo principal no infinitivo.

Did the teacher close the door?


Did John go to Japan?

Modal verbs

I
You
She, He, It
We
You
They

I
You
She, He, It
We
You
They

TO CAN (poder)
Affirmative
Negative
can
cant / can not
can
cant / can not
can
cant / can not
can
cant / can not
can
cant / can not
can
cant / can not
TO MUST (dever)
Affirmative
Negative
must
mustnt / must not
must
mustnt / must not
must
mustnt / must not
must
mustnt / must not
must
mustnt / must not
must
mustnt / must not

Interrogative
Can I?
Can you?
Can she, he, it?
Can we?
Can you?
Can they?
Interrogative
Must I?
Must you
Must she, he, it?
Must we
Must you?
Must they?

Jane can speak French fluently.


Students must do their homework every day.
Students mustnt use mobile phones in the classroom.

Comparative and Superlative of Superiority


Relembra o comparativo de superioridade e aprende o superlativo de
superioridade. Compara e sistematiza com ajuda da tabela.
Comparative of
Superiority:
Adjectivos com
apenas uma slaba adjectivo + -er + than
Ex: Gwen is taller than
Wendy.
Adjectivos com
duas slabas
terminados em -y

Superlative of
Superiority:
the + adjectivo + -est
Ex: Martha is the tallest
girl on the camp site.

adjectivo + -y + -ier + than the + adjectivo + -y + -iest


Ex: Martha is happier
than Wendy.

Ex: John is the happiest


boy on the group.

Adjectivos de
uma slaba
terminados em
vogal entre duas
consoantes

Adjectivos com
duas ou mais
slabas
(adjectivos
longos)

adjectivo + ltima
consoante + -er + than

the + adjective + ltima


consoante + -est

Ex: Johns dog is bigger


than Marthas cat.

Ex: Wendys house is the


biggest in the
neighbourhood.

more + adjectivo + than

the + most + adjectivo

Ex: Wendy is more


beautiful than Gwen.

Ex: Martha is the most


beautiful girl in your class.

Irregulars Adjectives
Adjective
good
bad
far

Comparative
better than
worse than
further/farther than

Superlative
the best
the worse
the further

Past Continuous
Para formar o Past Continuous, utilizamos o verbo auxiliar TO BE e
acrescentamos -ing ao verbo.
I was reading an adventure book, last night.
You were studying Maths, last afternoon.
Usa-se o Past Continuous para:
aces que tiveram uma longa durao no passado.
I was playing computer games all day.
aces que ocorreram num tempo especifico e exacto na
passado.
Gwen was having lunch at one oclock.

duas actividades que estavam a ocorrer ao mesmo tempo no


passado.
While Wendy was writing a letter her friend
was waiting for him.