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Não somente o Brasil, mas diversos países estão sofrendo com as doenças transmitidas

pelo mosquito Aedes aegypti. Para aprender mais, vamos a um pequeno texto falando do
assunto em inglês.

1. Texto - Text

Chikungunya is a different virus, but it is spread by the same mosquitoes. Like dengue, it
normally produces higher fevers and worse pain than Zika, which is one reason Zika
outbreaks have sometimes gone unnoticed when dengue and chikungunya have been
circulating at the same time.

Researchers are still not sure how the Zika virus made its way to Brazil. Some say it could
have arrived during the World Cup in 2014, when Brazil welcomed players, fans and others
from around the world. Others think the virus may have come during a canoe race weeks
later, when paddlers from French Polynesia arrived in Rio de Janeiro. [The New York
Times]

2. Responda de acordo com o texto - Answer

How did the Zika virus come to Brazil? (Como o Zika virus veio para o Brasil?)
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Deu zica na aula de inglês


Deu zica na aula de inglês
A zica a que me refiro não é o termo de gíria, que significa, segundo
o site http://dicionarioportugues.org/pt/zica “denota azar, falta de
sorte, infortúnio.” Curiosamente, o termo não vem registrado nem
no Aurélio nem no Houaiss.
Nessa acepção, haverá quem diga, por exemplo, “Ando com uma
zica dos infernos. ‘Tou precisando me benzer.”
De onde vem essa gíria? Ninguém sabe ao certo. Uns acham que
vem de ziquizira, sinônimo de urucubaca. Pode ser. Segundo
o Novo dicionário banto do Brasil, de Nei Lopes, ziquizira é
‘qualquer doença misteriosa que não se deve nomear’.
No entanto, como disse acima, não é dessa zica que eu quero falar.
É da outra. É do zika virus (em inglês pronuncia-se "zIk@ "vaIr@s).
Esse vírus foi descoberto em 1952 ao ser isolado do soro de um
macaco-reso, que desenvolveu uma febre enquanto esteve preso
numa jaula da floresta de Zika, em Uganda. O vírus é transmitido
pelo Aedes Egypti (eI"i:dIs I"dZIptaI). o mesmo mosquito da dengue
e da febre Chikungunya (pronúncia: tSIkUN"gUnj@).

http://www.monkeyland.co.za/userfiles/article/monkeys3/rhesusmacaque.jpg
Como a dengue é, infelizmente, nossa velha conhecida, e como a
chikungunya não parece ser tão preocupante, vou me deter na zika,
cujo vírus vem apavorando mulheres grávidas, especialmente no
nordeste, devido ao surto de nascimentos de bebês que vêm ao
mundo com microcefalia.
Caso o professor deseje usar o zika virus como material de aula,
convém familiarizar-se com o vocabulário e a pronúncia da
infecção:
rhesus monkey – macaco-reso ( ‘ri:s@s "mQNkI)
serum - soro (‘si:r@m)
fever – febre (‘fi:v@r)
symptoms – sintomas (‘sImpt@mz)
rash – brotoeja (r{S)

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-
4BGBvZI6Gj0/VXY0gOhDx8I/AAAAAAAARYE/fb5nPNnUdJc/s400/zika.jpg
joint pain – dores nas juntas (dZOInt peInz)
red eyes – olhos vermelhos (rEd aIz)
diagnosis – diagnóstico (daIg"noUsIs)
treatment – tratamento ("tri:tm@nt)
blood test – exame de sangue (blVd tEst)
vaccine – vacina (v{"ksi:n)
microcephaly – microcefalia (maIkroU"s{f@lI)

About Zika Virus Disease


Zika virus disease (Zika) is a disease caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people
primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. The most common
symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is
usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an
infected mosquito. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very
rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected.
However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect
called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been
infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.

Zika virus was first discovered in 1947 and is named after the Zika Forest in Uganda. In
1952, the first human cases of Zika were detected and since then, outbreaks of Zika have
been reported in tropical Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Zika outbreaks
have probably occurred in many locations. Before 2007, at least 14 cases of Zika had been
documented, although other cases were likely to have occurred and were not reported.
Because the symptoms of Zika are similar to those of many other diseases, many cases
may not have been recognized.

In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the
first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. On February 1, 2016, the World Health
Organization (WHO) declared Zika virus a Public Health Emergency of International
Concern (PHEIC). Local transmission has been reported in many other countries and
territories. Zika virus will likely continue to spread to new areas.

Specific areas where Zika is spreading are often difficult to determine and are likely to
change over time. If traveling, please visit the CDC Travelers' Health site for the most
updated travel