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Manual de CLC_LEI

Língua Estrangeira- Iniciação

Formador: Ana Carvalho

Ano: 2016

Turma: Técnico de Jardinagem e


Espaços verdes
Caracterização do Manual do Formando

Área de Formação: CLC_LEI (Iniciação)

UFCD: CLC_LEI 1
Formador: Ana Carvalho

Objetivos do Manual

Este manual foi criado para apoiar o formando na aquisição das competências de uso básico da língua inglesa no
âmbito das matérias abordadas, servindo de complemento à formação presencial teórica e prática. Visa, portanto,
facultar os conteúdos a ser trabalhados nas sessões e permitir o desenvolvimento das competências de
interpretação/ produção e estabelecer comunicação oral em língua inglesa, a nível elementar.

Metodologia de Aplicação e/ou Exploração Pedagógica


A elaboração do presente Manual obedeceu às seguintes opções metodológicas:
- exposição/exploração de vocabulário básico;
- exposição/exploração de estruturas gramaticais elementares;
- textos curtos e simples relacionados com aspetos da vida quotidiana.

Resumo/Principais Conteúdos/ Índice

Este manual encontra-se dividido em 3 Secções:

Secção I – área vocabular

Secção II – estruturas gramaticais

Secção III – textos

Fontes Bibliográficas utilizadas na criação do manual

CABRAL, Ester, CASTRO, Maria do Rosário, Special Five 5º ano, Areal Editores, 2010
New Frontiers 1, Areal Ed.

www.worksheetswork.com
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar
www.englishonline.com
www.esl-lab.com
Alphabet- Letters pronunciation( Alfabeto)

Greetings and Farewells (Saudações/Despedidas)

Hello / Hi (Olá)
Good Morning (Bom Dia)
Good Afternoon (Boa Tarde)
Good Evening (Bom Fim de Tarde)
Good Night (Boa Noite)
Goodbye / bye bye (Adeus)

Thanks /Thank you (Obrigada/o)


Thank you very much (Muito Obrigado/a)
I´m sorry (Peço desculpa/lamento)

- How are you? (Como estás?)


I’m ok/fine. (Estou bem.)
I’m great. (Estou ótima.)
I’m not so good. (Não muito bem.)
Very well, thank you. (Muito bem, obrigado)

Pleased / Nice to meet you. (Prazer em conhecer-te.)


Nice to meet you too. (Prazer em conhercer-te também)
See you later/soon (até logo/breve)
See you tomorrow (até amanhã)
See you next Monday (até Segunda)
Have a nice weekend (bom fim de semana)
Personal Identification
 NAME
What’s your name? (Qual é o teu nome?)
What is = what’s
My name’s Diana. (O meu nome é Diana.) Name is = name’s

I am = I’m
 AGE
How old are you? (Quantos anos tens?)
I’m 26 years old. (Eu tenho 26 anos.)

 NATIONALITY
Where are you from? (De onde és?)
I’m from Portugal. (Eu sou de Portugal.)
What’s your nationality? (Qual é a tua nacionalidade?)
I’m Portuguese. (Sou Português/ Portuguesa.)

Countries and Nationalities

Portugal Spain France Italy


Portuguese Spanish French Italian

Greece Britain Ireland Belgium


Greek British Irish Belgian

Holland Germany Austria Denmark


Dutch German Austrian Danish

Sweden Finland Angola Brazil


Swedish Finnish Angolan Brazilian
United States of America Canada Australia
American Canadian Australian

 ADDRESS
What’s your address? (Qual é a tua morada?)
My address is Av. Egas Moniz, Penafiel. (A minha morada é...)

 TELEPHONE NUMBER
What’s your telephone number? (Qual é o teu número de telefone?)
My telephone number is two, double five, four, nine, six, three, one, seven. (O meu
número de telefone é...)

Dates

As datas em Inglês têm regras específicas, assim sendo:


 para indicar o dia, usamos os números ordinais;
 os anos lêem-se dois a dois (ex: 1945 – nineteen, forty-five)

We use ordinal numbers for dates:


Ex: 1/4/98 – the first of April nineteen ninety-eight
2/1/2001 – the second of January two thousand and one

- When were you born? (Quando nasceste?)


- I was born on 17th July, 1980. (Eu nasci em 17 de Julho de 1980.)
NUMBERS

1 One 1st First


2 Two 2nd Second
3 Three 3rd Third
4 Four 4th Fourth
5 Five 5th Fifth
6 Six 6th Sixth
7 Seven 7th Seventh
8 Eight 8th Eighth
9 Nine 9th Ninth
10 Ten 10th Tenth
11 Eleven 11th Eleventh
12 Twelve 12th Twelfth
13 Thirteen 13th Thirteenth
14 Fourteen 14th Fourteenth
15 Fifteen 15th Fifteenth
16 Sixteen 16th Sixteenth
17 Seventeen 17th Seventeenth
18 Eighteen 18th Eighteenth
19 Nineteen 19th Nineteenth
20 Twenty 20th Twentieth
21 Twenty – one 21st Twenty – first
22 Twenty - two 22nd Twenty – second
30 Thirty 30th Thirtieth
40 Forty 40th Fortieth
50 Fifty 50th Fiftieth
60 Sixty 60th Sixtieth
70 Seventy 70th Seventieth
80 Eighty 80th Eightieth
90 Ninety 90th Ninetieth
100 One hundred 100th One hundredth
101 One hundred and one 101st One hundred and first
200 Two hundred 200th Two hundredth
1 000 One thousand 1 000th One thousandth
10 000 Ten thousand 10 000th Ten thousandth
100 000 One hundred thousand 100 000th One hundred thousandth
1 000 000 One million 1 000 000th One millionth

CARDINAL NUMBERS ORDINAL NUMBERS


Days of the Week (Dias da Semana) Seasons of the Year (Estações do Ano)
Monday (2ªfeira) Spring (Primavera)
Tuesday (3ªfeira) Summer (Verão)
Wednesday (4ªfeira) Autumn/Fall (Outono)
Thursday (5ªfeira) Winter (Inverno)
Friday (6ªfeira)
Saturday (sábado)
Sunday (domingo)

Vocabulary:
Yesterday (ontem) Today (hoje) Tomorrow (amanhã)
Morning (manhã) Afternoon (tarde) Night (noite)

Weather (Estados do Tempo)


(Sun)ny - sol (Wind)y - vento Warm- ameno
(Fog)gy- nevoeiro (Rain)y- chuva Cold- frio
(Rain)y- chuva (Storm)y- tempestade Hot- quente
(Cloud)y – nuvem (Snow)y- neve

Months of the Year (Meses do Ano)


January (Janeiro) July (Julho)
February (Fevereiro) August (Agosto)
March (Março) September (Setembro)
April (Abril) October (Outubro)
May (Maio) November (Novembro)
June (Junho) December (Dezembro)

1- Special occasions:

 Christmas (have a nice Christmas/ we wish you a Merry


Christmas…)
 New Years Eve (Happy New Year!)
 Easter (eggs and Easter bunnies…)
 Carnival
 Halloween (sweets or tricks)
 Holidays (have a nice holidays/honeymoon)
The Colours (As Cores)
Blue (Azul) Brown (castanho) Dark - escuro
Yellow (Amarelo) Orange (Cor de laranja) Light - claro
Green (Verde) Pink (Cor de rosa)
Red (Vermelho) Black (Preto)
Purple (Cor de púrpura) White (Branco)
Violet (Violeta) Grey (Cinzento)

The Family

Language section:

Afilhado Godson Madrasta Stepmother


Afilhada Goddaughter Madrinha Godmother
Avó Grandmother Mãe Mother
Avô Grandfather Meio irmão/irmã Half brother/sister
Avós Grandparents Neta granddaughter
Bisavó Great- grandmother Neto Grandson
Bisavô Great-grandfather Netos Grandchildren
Bisneta Great-granddaughter Nora Daughter-in-law
Bisneto Great-grandson Padrasto Stepfather
Cônjuge spouse Pai Father
Cunhada Sister-in-law Pai e mãe Parents
Cunhado Brother-in-law Pais adotivos Foster parents
Enteada stepdaughter Parentes em geral Relatives
Enteado stepson Primo/prima Cousin
Genro Son-in-law Sobrinha Niece
Irmã sister Sobrinho Nephew
Irmão brother Sogra Mother-in-law
Sogro Father-in-law Tio Uncle
Tia Aunt Tio avô Grand uncle
Tia avó Grand aunt Tutor Guardian

Human Body (Corpo Humano)


Head (cabeça)
Eyes (olhos)
Nose (nariz)
Mouth (boca)
Tooth (dente); Teeth (dentes)
Ears (orelhas/ouvidos)
Shoulders (ombros)
Arms (braços)
Hands (mãos)
Fingers (dedos das mãos
Neck (pescoço)
Legs (pernas)
Foot (pé); Feet (pés)
Toes (dedos dos pés)

Physical Appearances (Descrição física)


Character/ Personality (Personalidade)
Clothes (Vestuário)

Hat (chapéu); cap (boné) t-shirt (camisola de manga curta)

Coat /jacket (casaco) shirt (camisa)

Scarf (cachecol) dress (vestido)

Gloves (luvas) skirt (saia)

Shoes (sapatos); boots (botas) tie (gravata)

Trainers/tennis (sapatilhas) belt (cinto)

Socks (meias) trousers/jeans (calças)

Suit (fato) shorts (calções)

Blouse (blusa) tights (calças justas)

Ring (anel) sweater/jumper (camisola)

Glasses (óculos) sunglasses (óculos de sol)

Watch (relógio) earrings (brincos)

Necklace (colar) bracelet (pulseira


Clothes – Casual and formal – Women’s wear
Clothes – Casual and formal – Men’s wear

 Para perguntar sobre aquilo que trazemos vestido usamos a seguinte questão:
- What are you wearing? (O que estás a usar?)
- I’m wearing a blue dress! (Estou a usar um vestido azul.)
Note:
 para peças singulares usamos os artigos a, an (um ou uma);
 os adjetivos vêm antes dos nomes.
Exemplo: I’m wearing a blue t-shirt. I’m wearing black jeans.
Jobs (Profissões)

Accountant – contabilista Actor – actor ; Actress – actriz


Air hostess / stewardess - comissária de bordo Architect – arquiteto
Artist - artista plástico, pintor Athlete – atleta
Banker – bancário Biologist – biólogo
Businessman - homem de negócios / empresário Businesswoman - mulher de negócio
Carpenter – carpinteiro Chef - chefe de cozinha, de culinária
Computer programmer - programador de computadores Dentist - dentista, odontólogo
Doctor – médico Nurse – Enfermeira
Driver – motorista Electrician – eletricista
Flight attendant - comissária de bordo Steward - comissário de bordo
Engineer – engenheiro Tailor - Alfaiate
Florist – florista Gardener – jardineiro
Graphic designer - designer gráfico Guide – guia
Grocery clerk /cashier- balconista ou caixa de supermercado Plumber - Canalizador
Hairdresser – cabeleireiro Housewife - dona de casa
Interpreter – intérprete Journalist – jornalista
Lawyer – advogado Librarian – bibliotecário
Manager – gerente Mechanic – mecânico
Musician – músico Operator – operador
Pharmacist – farmacêutico Photographer – fotógrafo
Pilot – piloto Politician - político
Postman - carteiro Professor - professor de faculdade
Receptionist - recepcionista Reporter – repórter
Salesman - vendedor Saleswoman - vendedora
Salesperson/shop assistant - vendedor de loja Scientist – cientista
Secretary – secretária Singer – cantor
Student - estudante Teacher - professor de escola
Translator – tradutor Travel agent - agente de viagem
Waiter – empregado de restauração Waitress – empregada de restauração
Police officer /policeman – Polícia Fireman/firefighter - Bombeiro
Writer – escritor
Weather
CLC_LEI- Língua Estrangeira- Iniciação

Language section:
To go for a walk. (Ir dar um passeio.) To go to the beach. (Ir à praia.)
To sunbathe (Bronzear-se.) To pick some flowers. (Apanhar algumas
flores.)
To swim in the sea. (Nadar no mar.) To lie in the sun. (Deitar-se ao sol.)
To wear a raincoat. (Usar uma gabardina.) To walk in the rain. (Andar à chuva.)

Ana Carvalho 18
GRAMMAR
Personal Pronouns (Pronomes Pessoais)
I eu
You tu
He ele
She ela
It (para coisas)
We nós
You vós
They eles/ elas

Possessive Determiners (Determinantes Possessivos)


My meu/ minha
Your teu/ tua
His dele
Her dela
Its (para coisas)
Our nosso/ nossa
Your vosso/ vossa
Their deles/ delas

Verb “To Be” (ser/ estar) – Simple Present


O verbo to be equivale aos verbos ser e estar, em português. A conjugação do verbo
to be no presente do indicativo é:
Tradução Forma contraída
CLC_LEI- Língua Estrangeira- Iniciação

I am Eu sou/ estou I’m

You are Tu és/estás You’re

He is Ele é/está He’s

She is Ela é/está She’s

It is Ele(a) é/está It’s

We are Nós somos/estamos We’re

Ana Carvalho 19
You are Vós sois/estais You’re

They are Eles são/estão They’re


Note ainda, que a segunda pessoa do singular (you are) recebe o mesmo tratamento que a
segunda pessoa do plural (you are). Desta forma o contexto da frase indicará o plural ou o
singular.

Affirmative Negative Form Question Form

I am I am Am I
You are You are Are You
He/She/It is He/She/It is not Is He/She/It ?

We are We are Are We


You are You are Are You
They are They are Are They

Verb “Have Got” (ter) – Simple Present


Affirmative Negative Form Question Form

I have got I have not got Have I

You have got You have not got Have You


Got ?

He/She/It has got He/She/It has not got Has He/She/It

We have got We have not got Have We

You have got You have not got Have You


CLC_LEI- Língua Estrangeira- Iniciação

They have got They have not got Have They

Ana Carvalho 20
READING

Hello, Linda!

Hello! I am Linda. My surname is Adams. I am American. I have got a brother, John,


and a sister, Carrie. I live with my parents in New York, in the United States of America.
My family is not very big. I have two grandfathers and two grandmothers. My father’s
parents are Ann Adams and Tom Adams. My mother’s parents are Sylvia Williams and
Andrew Williams.

AMBITIONS
Marcello Bertolini is 16 and lives with his parents and sister in a nice house in the
suburbs of Milan, Italy. His mother is a housewife and his father works in a coffee shop.
His sister is 18 and studies Information Technology and Design.
He goes to a secondary school that is not far from his house, so he goes to school
on foot. It takes him about ten minutes to get there. School starts at half past eight and he
gets up at half past seven. After taking a shower and getting dressed, he has breakfast.
Then he leaves home and hurries to school.
He has five lessons in the morning until twenty past one. His favourite subjects
are Arts and Crafts and Sport. He sometimes has lessons in the morning. On Tuesdays
and Thursdays he’s got Physical Education and Information Technology. On Friday’s
he’s got Art.
In his free time he likes doing sports. He wants to do well in sports and play for a
professional basketball team. If he can’t do that, he wants to work for a computer
CLC_LEI- Língua Estrangeira- Iniciação

company or tourist industry. That’s why he’d like to take a diploma or certificate in
computing or tourism. He thinks he can earn a lot of money working with computers.
His best friends are Elsa and Francesco. He hasn’t got a girlfriend and he doesn’t
fancy anyone and particular. He likes going to the cinema, but he hates talking about
politics. So he says he’s never going to be Italy’s Prime Minister. He doesn’t like war and
violence and thinks his generation is going to be more peaceful.

Ana Carvalho 21